• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

ICT in Manufacturing.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Chapter 3 - ICT in Manufacturing 1. Introduction In the face of ever-increasing competition from international market, many labour-intensive manufacturing companies face a stark choice: automation, or evaporate. Here are some of the many ways in which computers are used in the manufacturing world. * Order entry and processing systems accept and process customer orders. A fully integrated system will also calculate the quantity and cost of materials needed to make the items ordered, produce reports on any shortages of materials in stock that need to be ordered and raise the purchase order. It will then track the progress of the order through the manufacturing process so that customer queries can be answered. * Project management software provides management with the information necessary to keep projects within budget and on time. Reports can be produced showing actual costs versus projected costs, and the number of days ahead or behind schedule. * Expert systems can be used in a multitude of ways from calculating the cost of a new multi-storey office block to detecting when a batch of beer is ready for the next stage of the brewing process. ...read more.

Middle

4. Computer-aided Manufacturing (CAM) Computer-aided design is often linked to computer-aided manufacturing (CAM). CAD/CAM systems are used in the design and manufacture of thousands of applications from aeroplane and car parts to office furnishings and sports equipment. When the design of the product is completed, the specifications are input directly into a program that controls the manufacturing of parts. A great advantage of these systems is their flexibility: individual items can be manufactured to a customer's exact specifications. 5. Case study: Subcontracting sector uses ICT Precimax was founded in 1988 and has grown to a 30-employee company with an anticipated turnover in 1997 of �1.4 million. It offers a full manufacturing service from initial design through to supply of fully finished components and assembles. Production is predominantly on CNC (computer numeric control) turning and machining centres, and programs can be created from customer's drawings or directly from CAD via modem or disk. Batches range from one-off up to 5,000, but are more typically in the 50 to 500 brackets. In size, turned components measure up to 250mm diameter. Precimax is a major supplier of components for train braking and door systems and is currently producing parts for use in the platform edge doors for London Underground's Jubilee Line extension. ...read more.

Conclusion

What happens when demand for a product slumps? Would a manufacturer be better advised to stick with manual workers, who can be laid off and rehired when times improve? 8. Exercises 1) Computers and information technology are widely used in manufacturing industries. Give three different examples of their use in manufacturing, and in each case discuss a. The benefits to the company, the customers and the employees b. The possible drawbacks to the company, the customers and the employees. 2) Research an application of computers and ICT in manufacturing. Describe briefly the end product, the reasons for using ICT and the software and hardware used. What group of people benefits most from the use of ICT in the application you have described? Is any other group of people disadvantaged? Briefly explain your answers. 3) Describe briefly one application for robots in industry. Explain two advantages of using robots in the application you described. 4) Some manufacturers are deciding to re-employ people on the shop floor and retire their robots. Give one argument to support this action and one argument against it. 5) The use of computer-controlled machinery in manufacturing and product assembly has become widespread. Give two benefits for the manufacturer, other than financial, and two implications for the employees of such automation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Design and Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Design and Technology essays

  1. The use of I.C.T within the police force.

    This database helps the police to pursue any suspects that leave any evidence of DNA on the crime scene. Which in the large majority of the crimes that happen today is the case. Another public service that has been improved by the introduction of I.C.T is London Transport.

  2. Robotics.There are many different types of robots used to do many different types of ...

    There are many types of robot which consist of different types of control: The limited sequence controller is used on the limited sequence control, which can also be described as the bang-bang control. The programming application is done mechanically, which can be done by placing a mechanical stop at the end of each of its axis.

  1. Free essay

    Buiklding service

    result of liquids at a lower level drawing water from a higher level. Back siphonage is a plumbing term applied to clean water pipes that connect directly into a reservoir without an air gap. In our cold water system, as our water is delivered to other outlets and areas of

  2. Robots.- the concept of a robot this project is concerned with, the history of ...

    And, robots are used in exploration in dangerous places such as in volcanoes, which allows us to learn without endangering ourselves. Advantage of robots With the advancements of robotics, people would have the ability to create a robotic version of themselves by "uploading" their conscience (brain) to a robotic body.

  1. Materials notes - properties and uses of different materials.

    - If A makes a scratch mark on B (but B doesn't make mark on A) --> A is harder than B > Flexibility Def - Ability to bend without breaking and return to its original shape Least flexible = the material that needs the largest weight to bend Test to compare flexibility: (Pg 80 - Sec 1 txt bk)

  2. Free essay

    Systems Case Study

    The computer system at the Wharf itself can then automatically track the use of these passwords, recording such data as which files were accessed under particular passwords and so on. Another security measure is to store a system's data on a separate device, or medium, such as magnetic tape or

  1. My aim for this project is to design and construct a fully functioning alarm ...

    Hu = Ahu And Mt = Amt And Mu = Amu And C = 0 Then Out $38 , $80 End If Next C Loop I powered up the circuit, set the time to 03:34 and the alarm to 03:36.

  2. Textiles essay on environmental factors, product life, manufacturing methods and maintenance in relation to ...

    This is something that designers and manufacturers would have to take into account as they may need to consider the durability of the materials they use to make their products if they want it to give their products a longer life-span.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work