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Mind Design

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Introduction

Mind Design Mind Design is the attempt of understand the mind, in terms of its design, how it is built and how it works. It often seen to be a form cognitive psychology, but it is oriented much more towards the question of 'how' rather than the 'what'. Experiments in Mind Design are often more of an effort to build something and make it work, than to observe and understand pre-existing biological models. Thus, it is the field of artificial intelligence that lies at the centre of Mind Design, with the objective to match and understand natural intelligence, especially the exceptional intelligence of humans. What separates Mind Design from other similar areas of study is not the objective rather the means to it. Mind design is psychology by reverse engineering. One fundamental perspective is that intellect is not dependent on anything immaterial or supernatural, such as a soul. Intelligence derives from matter suitably selected and arranged. Atoms in there billions, which viewed from one perspective constitutes chaos, yet they are organised and arranged. Which we see the results of every day and we call it intelligence. The question is: how? Franz Brentano (1874/1973) "Intentionality is the mark of the mental." This is to say that only objects with a mental state have the ability to be intentional. ...read more.

Middle

Artificial Intelligence is defined as a non-natural entity exhibiting intelligence. AI has now become a prominent computer science focused on providing solutions to real world problems. And now AI is routinely used in economics, medicine, engineering and in the military. AI has come a long way in the last forty years though not quite meeting original perceived expectations. To day the expectations of AI has change a lot due to greater understanding of the problem at hand and the desire to capitalise with in the field. AI methods have often been employed in cognitive science research, which tries to model subsystems of human cognition. Historically, AI researchers aimed for the greater goal of simulating complete, human-like intelligence. This goal is still unlikely to be met in the near future and is now no longer the subject of most AI research. The failure of these early expectations has lead to dismissive attitude towards AI, with large sections of the general public having no faith in this technology every reaching the original goal. The idea of artificial intelligence replacing human professional judgment has arisen many times in the history of its development, and today it in use in some areas where "expert systems" are routinely used to augment or to replace professional judgment such as some areas of engineering and of medicine. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is at then that intelligence becomes so vast and technological growth so fast that it beyond are comprehension to perceive what could possibly come next. There are those who do make suggestions but for the most part they are largely subjective and fanciful. One thing is clear and that is the science of psychology will expand largely, and play a large part in the way humanity deals with this new world. There are many ethical concerns if we was to develop what some might say are sentient beings. For instance if computers simulate animal or human brains should they receive the same animal rights or human rights as the actual creature? And under what conditions could such simulations be allowed to happen at all? What are the criteria for a computer to be considered sentient? Can a computer that is considered sentient ever be turned off? If AI is more intelligent than humans, would we retain our 'rights'? What will the impact upon careers, jobs and are economics be? These are questions that will be considered with great importance as we get closer to creating true AI. But its not just the debate of the machines, it will probably be the debate of who and what we are that will take centre stage. That age old question but asked again with yet more new light. ...read more.

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