• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Multidisciplinary approaches in ergonomics

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Multidisciplinary approaches in Ergonomics In the redesign of an assembly or packing line a multidisciplinary team of medical and technical representatives work collectively to identify, evaluate, and control risks to employees whilst maintaining productivity for the company concerned. Those who contribute to the redesigning of industrial equipment, such as assembly or packing lines, include professionals with a variety of expertise, including the occupational health nurse, occupational therapist, occupational hygienist, physiotherapist, ergonomist, human resource staff, and the design engineers. The role of each representative from the seven groups will often overlap, the objective for all however is to identify health hazards in the workplace and eliminate them, protecting workers from the primary sources of health risks whilst designing proficient equipment that makes the best of the workers potential without exceeding their physical and psychological capacity. The role of the occupational health nurse is to provide nursing care in the work environment to employees and others with injury and illness. The nurse gives emergency care, prepares accident reports, and arranges further treatment or care if required. ...read more.

Middle

Final design will take into account the positioning of controls with provision for sufficient space for the physical movements required of the operator, the design of controls to require forces that are within the capabilities of the worker. By fitting the design of equipment and work methods to the physical and cognitive capabilities of workers, ergonomists act directly upon some important primary causes of occupational ill-health and injury (Corlett & Clark, 1995; Quinlan & Bohle, 1991; Wilson & Corlett, 1995). The redesign may also require investigation into the body forces required for movements such as shifting levers, or lifting weights, the forces impinging on muscles, joints, and other parts of the body in various postures. The role of the physiotherapist is to utilize ergonomics in order to remove causative factors from the working environment and to prevent musculoskeletal injury (Grandjean, 1980; Wilson, 2002). The physiotherapists' specialized knowledge of body motion and skills in movement analysis make a valuable contribution to the physical aspects of ergonomic design. ...read more.

Conclusion

Their aim is to increase effectiveness, efficiency and satisfaction at work. Organizations are deeply concerned about the need to recruit, retain and realize the potential of their human resources on which success depends. Occupational psychologists are the best qualified group to advise on human resource strategies and solutions (Wilson, 2002; Quinlan & Bohle, 1991). In conclusion, provision of a working environment that is safe and of minimal risk to health, whilst maintaining productivity and efficiency, is important to both an employer and their employees. To achieve this existing design of equipment may require upgrading and redesign. A holistic approach with a multidisciplinary team of experts is necessary to obtain an optimal work environment. Those who contribute to the redesigning of industrial equipment, include the occupational health nurse, occupational therapist, occupational hygienist, physiotherapist, ergonomist, human resource staff, and the design engineers. The role of each representative from these groups will often overlap, the objective for all however is to identify health hazards in the workplace and eliminate them, protecting workers from the primary sources of health risks whilst designing proficient equipment that makes the best of the workers potential without exceeding their physical and psychological capacity. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Design and Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Design and Technology essays

  1. Flow chart for producing a magazine rack. Equipment, health & safety and quality control.

    more than twice to get an accurate check Cut and sand down rough edges if any Tenon saw, sand paper, file Basic PPE + Dusk mask, be aware of others Make sure all sides and edges are smooth ACTION EQUIPMENT HEALTH & SAFTEY QUALITY CONTROL Assemble main body using pins

  2. Devlopment evaluation of my bedside table.

    the fact that items can be stood up straight gives us even more space in the drawer which is always a plus This looks like more than enough space for other items so that fantastic, I think we can even fit both lamp and telephone on there and still have space.

  1. Light & artificial lighting systems

    As well as providing overall illumination in a way which can be similar to natural lighting (technology today is improving, but the quest for artificial "natural" lighting is still ongoing) electric lighting is today commonly used for dramatic effects, to product contrast and ambience.

  2. Security Management

    types of networks and can be used to capture the instant messaging traffic. Also, a hacker could sniff the packets from an entire instant messaging session. It can be very dangerous as hacker may gain access to privileged information. It is especially dangerous in the corporate environment in that confidential information may be transmitted along the instant messaging network.

  1. Free essay

    Systems Case Study

    In the case of personal computers and workstations, graphical user interfaces--such as windows and icons displayed on a monitor--are convenient for users. A window is a rectangular area on a monitor that displays a file or part of a file as the case on all computers including Canary Wharf's.

  2. organiztional sytsmes and strategy

    facilities as it does currently along with a new range of facilities and services also * The maximum budget for this project is 60 million pounds The main point of the move is the advantages it offers, some of the advantages that are immediately apparent are;- * The building is

  1. Economic impact of genetic engineering Genetic engineering (GE) is a recently developed technology that ...

    keeping the rest of the market GMO free, is a very costly, if not impossible task. Fear of GMOs spreading to the wild and having negative effects on the local ecosystems is one of the main environmental arguments against GE technology.

  2. Describe the benefits of technological developments in equipment and facility design in two contrasting ...

    * The changes in footballs and tennis balls have a slight similarity. Tennis balls have been adapted over the years to be played on different courts. At one time their was just one type of tennis ball now there is one for grass courts, hard courts and soft courts.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work