• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Multidisciplinary approaches in ergonomics

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Multidisciplinary approaches in Ergonomics In the redesign of an assembly or packing line a multidisciplinary team of medical and technical representatives work collectively to identify, evaluate, and control risks to employees whilst maintaining productivity for the company concerned. Those who contribute to the redesigning of industrial equipment, such as assembly or packing lines, include professionals with a variety of expertise, including the occupational health nurse, occupational therapist, occupational hygienist, physiotherapist, ergonomist, human resource staff, and the design engineers. The role of each representative from the seven groups will often overlap, the objective for all however is to identify health hazards in the workplace and eliminate them, protecting workers from the primary sources of health risks whilst designing proficient equipment that makes the best of the workers potential without exceeding their physical and psychological capacity. The role of the occupational health nurse is to provide nursing care in the work environment to employees and others with injury and illness. The nurse gives emergency care, prepares accident reports, and arranges further treatment or care if required. ...read more.

Middle

Final design will take into account the positioning of controls with provision for sufficient space for the physical movements required of the operator, the design of controls to require forces that are within the capabilities of the worker. By fitting the design of equipment and work methods to the physical and cognitive capabilities of workers, ergonomists act directly upon some important primary causes of occupational ill-health and injury (Corlett & Clark, 1995; Quinlan & Bohle, 1991; Wilson & Corlett, 1995). The redesign may also require investigation into the body forces required for movements such as shifting levers, or lifting weights, the forces impinging on muscles, joints, and other parts of the body in various postures. The role of the physiotherapist is to utilize ergonomics in order to remove causative factors from the working environment and to prevent musculoskeletal injury (Grandjean, 1980; Wilson, 2002). The physiotherapists' specialized knowledge of body motion and skills in movement analysis make a valuable contribution to the physical aspects of ergonomic design. ...read more.

Conclusion

Their aim is to increase effectiveness, efficiency and satisfaction at work. Organizations are deeply concerned about the need to recruit, retain and realize the potential of their human resources on which success depends. Occupational psychologists are the best qualified group to advise on human resource strategies and solutions (Wilson, 2002; Quinlan & Bohle, 1991). In conclusion, provision of a working environment that is safe and of minimal risk to health, whilst maintaining productivity and efficiency, is important to both an employer and their employees. To achieve this existing design of equipment may require upgrading and redesign. A holistic approach with a multidisciplinary team of experts is necessary to obtain an optimal work environment. Those who contribute to the redesigning of industrial equipment, include the occupational health nurse, occupational therapist, occupational hygienist, physiotherapist, ergonomist, human resource staff, and the design engineers. The role of each representative from these groups will often overlap, the objective for all however is to identify health hazards in the workplace and eliminate them, protecting workers from the primary sources of health risks whilst designing proficient equipment that makes the best of the workers potential without exceeding their physical and psychological capacity. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Design and Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Design and Technology essays

  1. How do you use ergonomics?

    Designing tasks and jobs so that they are effective and take account of human needs such as rest breaks and sensible shift patterns, as well as other factors such as intrinsic rewards of work itself. Designing equipment and work arrangements to improve working posture and ease the load on the

  2. Flow chart for producing a magazine rack. Equipment, health & safety and quality control.

    clamps to hold components in place Basic PPE, blue coat, be aware of others Check that right glue is being used, check that a decent amount of adhesive is being applied WAIT Glue wood attachment in corner of drawer PVA glue , 2x clamp Basic PPE, blue coat, be aware

  1. Nano technology - Screen technology is a fast changing technology area.

    DIGITAL PAPER Digital paper, also referred to as digital ink, electronic paper or electronic ink, is a technology intended to produce a display that is similar to paper in many ways. It resembles a sheet of plastic-laminated paper. Beneath the plastic are tiny microscopic beads that change color to form text and images.

  2. Agfa Responding positively to a changing environment

    Investment appraisal Every proposed project undergoes investment appraisal. This procedure establishes whether a particular project is worth taking forward. Managers will ask key questions about a proposal, including: � How expensive are the initial outlay and the final total outlay likely to be? � For how long are we likely to be spending money without any financial return?

  1. organiztional sytsmes and strategy

    not as structurally sound as the new building and will not need as much maintenance as the current site. * The current Aytoun campus is not laid out particularly well and navigation around the campus is difficult for both staff and students, the plans for the new campus will allow easy navigation and movement due to its well planned layout.

  2. Describe the benefits of technological developments in equipment and facility design in two contrasting ...

    * The racquets in tennis show a remarkable technological change over the years. A change that has made a dramatic change to the game of tennis and given a major advantage to those with natural power. I can't think of any technological advancement in football that has a big of an impact as the racquet has in tennis.

  1. The Characteristics and Development of RFID - Radio frequency identification.

    January 2005 and the retailer then put its large foot forward in April of this year by launching the first phase of RFID implementation at the case and pallet level in Fort Worth marketplace. Apparently, the retailing industry is slowly moving toward a re-engineered supply chain with enhanced efficiencies.

  2. My aim for this project is to design and construct a fully functioning alarm ...

    10 Then Hu = 0 Ht = Ht + 1 End If If Ht = 2 And Hu = 4 Then Ht = 0 Hu = 0 End If If Mu = -1 Then Mu = 9 Mt = Mt - 1 End If If Mt = -1 Then Mt

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work