• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Single portfolio item: The decision to refurbish

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Single portfolio item: The decision to refurbish It is important for surveyors to convey to their client whether members of the public, builder or contractors in general proper care in establishing the variables that will affect any given project. Time upon reflecting these variables and the implications that can bring to a project need to be carefully reviewed, whether from a traditional procurement route or form example a design and build method. According to the 'Building Adaptation' James Douglas (2006) there are three main reasons why buildings get to a refurbishment stage: 1. Construction standards and requirements are continually improving because of government policy to enchase energy efficiency and building performance. 2. Wear and tear as well as exposure to the elements results in ongoing deterioration or other adverse change in the building structure and fabric. 3. Advances in technology and rising demand by consumers and workers for better and more comfortable internal environment have prompted the need for ongoing modernization of buildings. Douglas (2006) In reviewing these factors is it feasible to determine the relevant specifics whether to demolish a particular building? As new buildings through poor workmanship can also cause snagging problems or greater issues after practical completion. Therefore a written record of what has to be done in form of a pre-condition report is to be completed to ascertain all factors whether to reinstate, through either refurbishment or to demolish. ...read more.

Middle

it's thermal requirements under the new guild lines from the HIP's Refurbishment works well when the building falls into correctable obsolescence, which means it has reached obsolescence stage only because it has poor acoustic, fire, or thermal performance, construction defects such as dampness or fungal attack, inadequate or relatively inflexible layout, poor amenities or facilities. But should refurbishment actions be taken when building falls into non-correctable obsolescence: is in poor location, inadequate building morphology (very inflexible layout or restrictive floor, ceiling heights, or serious construction failures). The decision to establish the reason(s) to either demolish, refurbish a building can vary significantly from the client requirements, through to building control, and of course things can change during the construction period, i.e. it may be that during a refurbishment programme that a greater amount of work is required like dry rot, and therefore a particular building may well be need to be gutted further or even take the step of demolishing it. When works to start on a building such issues can arise which may change the programme of works or structure of the building completely. With the best will ion the world unexpected items like this to happen, but with a good project team in place, then hopefully the advantage is to continue with the best solution possible, which may even be to demolish. ...read more.

Conclusion

In addition the cost of financing the project and the effect of inflation on building costs is less than that of building from new as for the most part refurbishment projects have a shorter development period. To demolish a building creates a huge waste of embodied energy (as mentioned above), a report by the government funded body Empty Homes Agency found that: 'new construction emits nearly five times as much carbon dioxide per square metre as comprehensive refurbishment of an existing building' Ward (2009). Furthermore, saving time is a major factor when proposing a refurbishment project, the pre-contract design and official permissions phases are normally faster than for a new development. As often building control can be less involved where plans for a new build are required to obtain planning permission. Conclusion Consideration of the various factors of matters from the initial report and feasibility studies are the key to ascertain the extent of what can and can not be done to any given project. Refurbishment can in itself be extensive from a 'facelift' to a major remodelling of the interior of a building. Although, no doubt this will still be debated, but the way forward within industry seems by those through the government and institutions such as the Royal Institutions of Chartered Surveyors (RICS), and English Heritage to seek the benefits of maintaining buildings in terms of whole-life cycles through sustainability and economies ?? ?? ?? ?? Course Title: Rehabilitation & Conservation Studies BUIL1107 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Design and Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Design and Technology essays

  1. Design Principles and Appliction - Constraints

    These constraints may be physical, financial or legal. Design Constraints Site Constraints An initial site investigation report consisting of a graphical and written report will become a source of reference when compiling the feasibility report for the client.

  2. Agfa Responding positively to a changing environment

    � We look to get there first, with better products to sell to customers who are prepared for using them. This approach requires a willingness to invest heavily in new projects that maximise the benefits of new technology. Investment appraisal Every proposed project undergoes investment appraisal.

  1. Describe the main features of the economic boom in the 1920’s

    Most of these new products needed electricity to run them. So more jobs and money was made in power stations. With the new products available, the increase in the amount of money people had came new fashion. The black slaves from Africa had brought with them and developed blues music.

  2. Bedside table development evaluation

    the fact that items can be stood up straight gives us even more space in the drawer which is always a plus This looks like more than enough space for other items so that fantastic, I think we can even fit both lamp and telephone on there and still have space.

  1. Introduction to construction. Identify & describe the key factors that influence construction projects related ...

    Waste is a major factor to the sustainable development as a lot of good materials go to waste. This will result in more materials being made & not used to their full potential & in the long run effects the environment.

  2. Science Behind F1 Aerodynamic Features.

    Air prefers to follow a surface rather than to separate from one. Interestingly, researchers of aerodynamics have found the 'teardrop' shape, round at the front and pointed at the back, to be most efficient at propelling through air while providing a suitable surface for the air to easily move across.

  1. Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

    Could that be the Bennet family (Pride and Prejudice) gazing over the Avon? In all things: Isambard's life was a hectic sequence of ambitious, high-risk, leading-edge projects involving complex tasks, new technology, people, politics, investors and funding. The lithograph of work on a GWR cutting illustrates the range of organisational

  2. The proposed design project is to design, produce and evaluate an innovative recycled clock, ...

    (iii) Results: - I found the Jig-saw quite easy to use and had no problems cutting the wood. The only problem I did encounter was that the blade was bent however I learnt how to use it like this. All I had to do was put the plywood on an angle.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work