• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Impact of Computers and Society - Robots notes.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

AVCE Year 1 Unit 19 The Impact of Computers and Society Robots notes. The father of robotics is disappointed. Back in 1961, at a General Motors Corp. (GM ) plant in Ternstedt, N.J., Joe Engelberger switched on his invention. It was a squat, boxy machine called Unimate, with a telescoping, jointed hydraulic arm. Unlike the other machines on the floor, this one needed no operator. And in no time, it was working 24 hours a day, its powerful arm tirelessly shuttling around 20-pound aluminum castings. Although Unimate was expensive up front, GM was sold on the idea. The machine replaced three shifts of workers per day at a job that was heavy, dirty, and dangerous. Soon it was joined by dozens like it. Right now there are two main types of robots that are commonly used. ...read more.

Middle

The Mine Robot can move safely where people cannot to locate survivors, check the atmosphere, or assess the condition of the mine's support structure. To do this they decided to use the Robotic All Terrain Lunar Exploration Rover (RATLER) originally developed as a prototype vehicle for a lunar exploration mission. This robot is lightweight, maneuverable and able to navigate over wide ranges (www.sandia.gov/isrc/Mine_Robot/mine_robot.html). The second type of robots is the industrial robot. Industrial robots are used for manufacturing other robots, or products, rather than gathering information. These types of robots are very simplistic; they are programmed to do only a few things, and they do not have a large range of motion. An example of an industrial machine is a car-building robot. The specific robot that puts doors onto the cars is only programmed to take a door from one specific place, and weld it onto another place. ...read more.

Conclusion

Though human looking robots are the most appealing robots under development, most don't look anything like us at all. This is probably because we humans are not best designed to perform endless repetitive tasks, or for crawling into dangerous and often inaccessible places. But more and more robots are entering our daily lives, and whilst the arrival of a totally servile robot to serve our every need remains a futuristic dream, the advances being made in computing power are bringing that dream closer to reality. In manufacturing and industry robots are now big business and are rapidly transforming the workplace. A whole new generation of robots that work faster, are cheaper and are more intelligent are doing more and more of our jobs. And scientists are now developing robots with digital brains that are capable of integrating vision, sound, touch and speech - and are even able to repair themselves and evolve. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Design and Technology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Design and Technology essays

  1. Robotics.There are many different types of robots used to do many different types of ...

    Robots can be thought to having soft automation because of its operation being largely under software control for example the control of a computer program. Industrial robots have in-chargeable grippers, which involve gripping items of various sizes, and shape, which furthermore involve transporting or manipulating tools, components or applicators to perform various manufacturing activities.

  2. Robots.- the concept of a robot this project is concerned with, the history of ...

    Robots have 3 main components: * Brain - usually a computer * Actuators and mechanical parts - motors, pistons, grippers, wheels, gears * Sensors - vision, sound, temperature, motion, light, touch, etc. With these three components, robots can interact and affect their environment to become useful.

  1. Materials notes - properties and uses of different materials.

    according to their properties helps us to choose suitable materials for making objects. (An object can be classified into more than one class according to the way of classification) Objects(materials ) are often recognized by their physical properties. Physical property = a characteristic of matter that can be observed without causing any damage to the matter.

  2. Free essay

    Buiklding service

    Below are pictures of the main components of my heating system: Water based systems operate at atmospheric pressure and the maximum temperature will be limited by the boiling point of water and even perhaps by the surface temperature of emitters.

  1. Free essay

    Future Technologies

    can`t clone hundreds of prehistoric dinosaurs, put them in an environment, and expect to control the results. Chaos theory tells us that a big complicated system like that defies understanding. "There is a problem with that island," Malcolm warns. "It is an accident waiting to happen."

  2. The changes being brought by computers have fundamentally changed the shape of working life. ...

    These machines are more reliable than humans accurate, never needing a break or a holiday and they work at top speed 24 hours a day. They can work in total darkness, at low temperatures, thus saving on electricity bills. They can also be used in hazardous areas, such as fume-filled

  1. Economic impact of genetic engineering Genetic engineering (GE) is a recently developed technology that ...

    According to the United Nations and many none governmental organizations around the world the problem of world hunger is not one of a scarcity of food; it is in fact a problem of distribution of food. Today the world produces 17 percent more calories per person today than it did 30 years ago .

  2. Physics in everyday use: Nympsfield Gliding Club.

    than the ones beneath, they increase their speed and become spaced farther apart in order to resume their former position when they leave the wing at the trailing edge. This faster moving air exerts less pressure, which means that a partial vacuum is created above the wing - suction.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work