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Antonin Artaud was born on the 4th September 1896, On March 4th, 1948 Artaud died, alone in his pavilion, seated at the foot o

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Introduction

Antonin Artaud was born on the 4th September 1896, On March 4th, 1948 Artaud died, alone in his pavilion, seated at the foot of his bed, holding his shoe. Theories suggest that he died from a lethal dose of the drug chloral, although whether or not he took it knowing it was a lethal dose is not known. Artaud was described as a madman and his credentials as one are impeccable. By age 21 he had already suffered a bout of meningitis, hereditary syphilis and a nervous breakdown. Furthermore, he spent approximately 15 years of his life inside various mental institutions. ...read more.

Middle

Surrealism Dictionary: Surrealism, n. Pure psychic automatism, by which one proposes to express, either verbally, or in writing, or by any other manner, the real functioning of thought. Dictation of thought in the absence of all control exercised by reason, outside of all aesthetic and moral preoccupation. Encyclopedia: Surrealism. Philosophy. Surrealism is based on the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of previously neglected associations, in the omnipotence of dream, in the disinterested play of thought. It tends to ruin once and for all all other psychic mechanisms and to substitute itself for them in solving all the principal problems of life." ...read more.

Conclusion

Not by sadism or by causing pain, but by a violent, physical determination to shatter the false reality, which he said "lies like a shroud over our perceptions". He described the theatre in spiritual terms, as well as physical, he believed that all expression is physical expression in space. Artaud had a pessimistic view of the world, but he believed that theatre could affect change. He wanted to remove the audience from the everyday and use symbolic objects to work with the emotions and soul of the audience. He also wanted to use the grotesque, the ugly and pain in order to confront an audience, thereby being cruel to them. Drama/The Ferry Jack Frederick Pitfield 12EQ ...read more.

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