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Bertolt Brecht.

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Bertolt Brecht. Brecht was born Augsburg, Germany in 1898. He then attended university in Munich in 1917. It was while he was at university that he witnessed the Bolshevik Revolution which was the first event to influence him. Brecht wanted what had occurred in Russia to repeat itself in Germany as he saw all there was to gain from a Revolution. This was the first influence that gave Brecht his voice in social and political issues. In 1918 Brecht was called up for World War 1 as a medical orderly. Here he witnessed some of the worst medical injuries created by the war. This experience made him an extreme pacifist. This was the second most influential event that took place which in turn caused him to be in opposition to those international opinionated political powers. ...read more.


This all influenced Brecht to write his first play Baal in 1918. This raw play and episodic structure was the youth of Brecht's later well-known work, which inhabited a more grotesque quality. His work looks at the incapability one has to have power over the lust and greed in the world. He uses the element of shock in his plays as he relates to his yearning for change and fury at his experiences. It was this yearning to bring change via the use of shock that bought us epic theatre. In 1922 Brecht went to Berlin and this experienced gave him the influence for all his later work. Here he observed real theatre and the cabaret, parts of theatre he never knew existed. ...read more.


He also used great chorus scenes, perceived in traditional Broadway or West- End performances, to demonstrate the significance of the play. Brecht took Piscator's use of technology and political structure and he took the episodic form from expressionalism. Brecht used theatre to express the economic, social and political circumstances of humanity. His political mental picture was not to observe the waste of civilisation due to economic difficulty and social discrimination. Instead he saw an optimistic development into a new society having learnt from their errors. Marxism was such a strong influence on Brecht that it runs throughout his theatre. In Brecht's work actors played characters but remained actors and the stage became reality but stayed the stage. Marxism offered a political perspective that was equivalent to his theatrical form and gave Brecht a powerful sense of significance and importance. Seema Sidhu 12B ...read more.

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