• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Psychology Practical Experiment - Hypothesis - Participants who are taking part in a timed computer task in front of an audience would complete the task faster than participants without an audience

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Psychology Practical Experiment Hypothesis Participants who are taking part in a timed computer task in front of an audience would complete the task faster than participants without an audience Null Hypothesis Participants who are taking part in a timed computer task in front of an audience would complete the task slower than participants without an audience Design An experiment is an investigation where the independent variable is manipulated. The dependant variable in my experiment is the time in which the task is completed in. The independent variable is if an audience is present or not. This experiment is an independent measures design where there are different people in different conditions. Participants The population will be taken from the sixth form common room. They will be an opportunity sample. This is when people are asked if they want to participate in the experiment. There will be 20 people in the sample with two groups of 10. The sample will be randomly allocated to a condition by giving each participant a number 1-20 each relating to a certain condition. Procedure Students will be approached in the sixth form common room. They will be asked if they would like to participate in my psychological experiment. They will be told they will have to complete a computer task and that if they had any questions they should ask me. ...read more.

Middle

In his study people were asked to pronounce words between one and sixteen times, some of the words were more "dominant" than others, and these were said to be pronounced more frequently. The speed at which the words were shown was increased some going at even a hundredth of a second, so they had to guess the word. The results found that if a audience was present participants were more likely to guess "dominant" words Allport asked participants to write down as many associations as they could think of for words printed on the top of an otherwise blank piece of paper, (e.g. "building", ""laboratory") They were allowed to work for three one minute periods and performed alone and in front of two other persons. Results were quite clear : 93% of the participants produced more associations when working in the presence of others than working alone. Zajonc also trained cockroaches to run towards a light in a clear lucite t-maze. An "audience box" was located beneath the t-maze where the 'roach marathoners could see, and presumably smell, their colleagues. 'Roaches ran their t-mazes faster and more accurately with an audience of their fellow 'roaches than when no audience was present. Results Audience Present Group 1 No Audience Present Group 2 1 120 107 2 100 117 3 95 105 4 105 144 5 89 121 6 123 125 7 105 101 ...read more.

Conclusion

There were no ethical issues brought up as all participants were debriefed after they had carried out the experiment, although the participants may have felt a bit embarrassed if they had scored a low score in front of the audience. I could also not control the mood of the audience, for example when some people were doing well in the task they were cheering but when people were doing not so well they were not so vocal. My results have found that the effect of social facilitation can increase the performance of people when carrying out tasks as mentioned in Zajonc's and Allport's work, but it cannot always be applied to everyday tasks as a persons individual skill at that task to just pure luck can also take effect of the outcome. I could modify my experiment so that I could have the same people carrying out the 2 conditions, I could have also chosen a different task which was not demanding on computer skills. I can also vary the size of the sample I used as it would give me more data to analyse and give more confounding results. I could also use a wider age of people to see if the effect of social facilitation has greater or lower effect on older people's ability to carry out tasks. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Plays section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Plays essays

  1. "Teechers" - Part 1 Assessment

    As Nixon was known as a young casual teacher I had to think about how teachers would act in different situations (especially a male teacher). I did this by watching my subject teachers to see how they reacted to some of the situations that Nixon would have to face.

  2. "Schadenfreude" means 'taking pleasure out of someone else's misfortune.' Both "Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are ...

    When Price leaves at the end of the practice he comically for us but at the expense of the other characters says, "See you at the show darlings," which also refers to them all as women. Water's mocks Price's rhyme when he says, "Your lady 'jerks' herself off.

  1. GCSE Drama: Portfolio of Evidence. Task 1: Response Phase

    The second aspect was a comparison of Kurdish/English culture. In these two we worked on stereotypes. We had four teenagers, all facing them audience just about to shot an alcoholic drink and they smoothly flow in to the four of them kneeling on the floor praying. We used a phrase in these tableaux.

  2. Drama coursework: Slavetrade - Development ...

    what it must have been like in those times and how I would have felt in that situation, and how I would have felt losing my home and family and how I would have felt being beaten by someone who was not so domineering and powerful but instead weaker and

  1. An Experiment to Investigate How an Active Audience Will Affect a Skilled or Unskilled ...

    This shows that their performance improved. Triplett concluded that a participant's performance is improved or facilitated by the presence of another participant, which produces social facilitation. Strengths and weaknesses can be found in this study taken by Triplett. Triplett however, did find that participants did provide a better performance when competing against others.

  2. My task for the controlled condition test was to construct a 15-minute presentation centred ...

    be one with a capable perception of irony and with the capability to handle such topics as death and schizophrenia. Our storyline was potentially confusing and at times quite in depth and would only be fully recognised by a mature audience.

  1. Does Clark present arguments for and against 'assisted suicide' without prejudicing the audience in ...

    We cannot yet empathise with Ken as we do not yet know him, but we feel sorry for him and warm to him straight away. This prejudices an audience towards the case of `assisted suicide' a great deal, and our backing of Ken's case only grows as scene one continues.

  2. Public Speaking - Part 3

    already agree with you so there is no need to persuade them, some are undecided, and some who just don't care. Most often you will have a particular part of the whole audience that you most want to reach with your speech.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work