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Public Speaking - Part 3

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Introduction

Public Speaking and Communication 1. Two aspects in making sure your informative speech is not overly technical: Subject matter and language. The subject matter may be too specialised for the audience; any subject can be popularised - but only up to a point. A speaker needs to know what can be explained to an ordinary audience and what cannot. If the subject matter is not technical, the language may be. If you are talking to a group of specialists, you can use technical words and be understood. But you must do all you can to avoid technical words when informing a general audience. 2. Should speakers personalise their ideas & why: Yes, because nothing takes the edge off an informative speech more than an unbroken string of facts and figures. And nothing enlivens a speech more than personal illustrations. Remember, people are interested in people. They react to stories, not statistics. Whenever possible, you should try to personalise your ideas and dramatise them in human terms. 3. Three approaches to appeal to the emotions of the audience in a persuasive speech: a. Shared values - when our convictions are founded upon emotions rather than on fact, and the message that we want our audience to accept may not be one that can be supported by evidence and clinical studies. For example, we all share a belief in justice and the protection of human rights. ...read more.

Middle

2. Maintain audience's interest - I would talk on an interesting topic, use vivid examples to make my ideas clear, include jokes & change my volume, pace &intonation to keep them interested 4. Formulate questions for post-presentation evaluation. Suggested answers: i. Audience interest: Were my audience interested in my topic? Were my attention-getting strategies effective? ii. Nervousness: Did I show any nervous symptoms? Did I feel very nervous? Did I control my nervousness with appropriate strategies? iii. Introduction and conclusion: Did I start/end well? Was my attention statement successful in preparing the audience for my topic? Did I sum up my speech well? iv. Organisation of ideas: Was my organisation of main ideas, supporting information and/or elaboration systematic, logical and easy to follow? Did the audience have any difficulty in following/understanding my explanation or ideas? v. Transition: Were the transitions I used effective in guiding the audience throughout my presentation? What other transitions could be used to link ideas more effectively? Public Speaking and Communication 1. Sources to do your research. Suggested answers: Books, Internet, CD-ROM, journals, online databases, encyclopaedias etc 2. Organisational pattern of the main ideas of your speech. Suggested answer: Topical pattern 3. Supporting materials you would use in your speech, why & how you would use them. Suggested answers: I'd use examples, testimonial evidence, definition of terms, narration, description; these supporting materials would make my speech more credible, interesting and allows my audience to understand my main ideas better 5. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is most well known for its opening 'da-da-da-daaaaah!' which symbolises fate knocking on the door. b. Elaboration/example: Take a listen to this famous opening. Can you feel Beethoven's fear, hopelessness and desperation? (Transition: Lastly, we will now look at the sentimental, blissful side of Beethoven.) III Main Idea: The theme of Symphony No.6 is the beauty of nature. A. Supporting Idea 1: Beethoven composed this masterpiece during his stay in a rural Austrian village. He found peace, solace and great comfort in the countryside. a. Elaboration/example: It was said that he liked trees more than he liked people, and he never carried an umbrella because he enjoyed the feeling of falling rain. B. Supporting Idea 2: The beautiful and peaceful rural setting soothed and inspired him. a. Elaboration/example: He incorporated the elements of a light breeze, shepherd, rippling stream, chirping birds, villagers' gathering and thunderstorm, making this symphony so rich, vivid and soothing. (Transition: Before I end my speech, I would like to conclude what I have just presented to you.) CONCLUSION Summary statement: Beethoven is truly a genius in composing beautiful, powerful and inspiring music on various themes such as heroism, fate & destiny, as well as the beauty of nature, as I have shared with you. Reinforcement of thesis: I hope you now know a little more about classical music, especially Beethoven's symphonies, and realise that everyone can enjoy it. For me, I really admire Beethoven for all the wonderful music he composed despite his deafness in his early thirties. Learn from him, don't be defeated by obstacles in life. ...read more.

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