• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'The Fordist system led to both labour market and production inflexibility, which prevented organizations from competing in increasingly fluid markets'. Discuss

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Charlie Hanson 0402968 Industrial society 'The Fordist system led to both labour market and production inflexibility, which prevented organizations from competing in increasingly fluid markets'. Discuss the economic and workplace policies which were proposed under the broad title of 'flexibilisation', providing relevant examples. Word Count: 1503 Between 1908 and 1929, Henry ford clearly established the linkages between division of labour and mass markets. His methods of mass production came under the title of 'Fordism'. According to Meyer (1981) Fordism 1908-1913 had four basic principles; standardised product design, extensive use of new machine tool technology, flow line production and the implementation of Taylorism in relation to work processes. Taylorism involved a general principle of the maximum decomposition of work tasks, the divorce of direct and so called indirect labour, by which meant setting up, preparation and maintenance tasks on machinery and the minimisation of the skill requirements of any task leading to the minimum job-learning times (Litter 1985). Taylorism therefore in its purest form involves deskilling. This is then reflected in the main policies of Fordism, the idea of taking skill away from the worker and transferring it to the use of machinery. ...read more.

Middle

He didn't order parts, procure his tools, repair his equipment, inspect for quality, or even understand what workers on either side of him were doing. Special repairmen re-paired tools. Housekeepers periodically cleaned the work area. Special inspectors checked quality, and defective work, once discovered, was rectified in a rework area after the end of the line. The role of the assembly worker had the lowest status in the factory. In some plants, management actually told assembly workers that they were needed only because automation could not replace them yet.' (Womack, Jones, and Roos 1990). The Fordist system of division of labour and the increased use of machinery, prevented there from being flexibility in production. Because the workforce was relatively unskilled, there ability to quickly adapt to change was hindered, as well as the long periods of time it took to adapt the machinery change in products and advancements was relatively limited. Henry Ford pushed job fragmentation to an extreme and also exploited the labour market. Ford stated that 'the jobs were classified to discover how many of them required the use of men with full capabilities. ...read more.

Conclusion

Fordist principles of division of labour and of de-skilling the labour force prevented there from being advancement and flexibility in production. Fordist economic principles also hindered production flexibility by not allowing fundamental changes in the design of the product. This would also limit competition between the organisations because innovation would be limited, and each firm would purely attempt to maximise their own outputs without attempting to advance their product because in the long run it would seem to be far too costly, due to the time it would take to raise production back up to its highest level of output. Reference: Ford, H, (1922) 'My Life and Work', Doubleday Page Grint, K, (1991) 'The sociology of Work', Blackwell Keat, R & Abercrombie, N, (1991) 'Enterprise Culture', Routledge Litter, C R, (1985) 'Taylorism, Fordism and Job design' D Knights et al Meyer, S, (1981) 'The Five Dollar Day: Labour Management and social control in the Ford Motor Company', 1908-21, State University of New York Press. Porter, H F, (1917) 'Four Big Lessons from Fords Factories', System 31 June Womack, James P, Daniel T Jones, & Daniel Roos, (1990) 'The Machine that Changed the World', New York: Rawson Associates. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Plays section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Plays essays

  1. Free essay

    Literary development of the legend of Robin Hood

    by their fathers until being married whereby control of her actions and property would pass to her husband. If Marian were portrayed as a 12th century woman in film and television, the female audience would find her totally unbearable and unrealistic.

  2. Media Production

    audience would want to watch and find the diverse views of the different people that we asked. Our quantitative research coming from our focus group showed us different ideas and what to either put in or take out. We got our opening scene from this and the choice of car

  1. DIGITAL SPECIAL EFFECTS

    There were a lot of direct eye contacts to the audience. For example in Anastasia scene, she spoke directly to the audience asking them to be her friend and another in Joyce's scene where she stared at the audience and mentioned the headlines.

  2. Discuss why mass-production became the dominant form of production in the US and Great ...

    Task subdivision, close supervision and better organisation of machinery,7 meant mass-production could occur. Ford produced his Model-T cars in bulk, and his mass-production techniques meant that he could do this far cheaper than competitors. Ford's innovation in the workplace meant that throughput was faster, labour was less skilled and the

  1. Film Studies The Studio System

    Gibbons was credited with everything related to art direction at MGM during that time, over 2200 films. Obviously he did not do the art direction on all of those films, some of them he may have done no more than approve drawings.

  2. Describe the production process at the Land Rover Factory.

    Disadvantages of flow production are that the goods are mass-produced and may not be good quality, however with Land Rover the goods are high quality and therefore this is not a problem. Large stocks of materials may have to be kept to keep the production line supplied meaning paying for

  1. Media Production Write-up

    We viewed a number of thriller movies including "Spider man" "We were soldiers" 'The Negotiator' Felix Gary Grey, '187' Kevin Reynolds, 'Enemy of the State' Tony Scott and various others and also we brought our own documentary on "tu pac" which helps us a lot in making the trailer.

  2. 12 angry men is a production about a murder trial.

    he had a very good accent which gave me the impression that he was a good juror but he was an inexperienced one and therefore was very timid, "I never knew they locked the door" this shows how insecure he is and how inquiring the character is.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work