• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Universal Studios: A short case study

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Universal Universal was a relatively minor studio, one of the 'Little Three' companies (the others being Columbia and United Artists), which lacked their own theatres and depended for exhibition outlets on the cinema circuits of the 'Big Five' (Warner Bros, RKO, Fox, Paramount and MGM), the vertically integrated majors. The company established itself in the 1920s under the ownership of Carl Laemmle and adapted its studio to sound production relatively early: by 1930, all of its releases were 'talkies'. However by this time the recession which affected the entire film industry had forced Universal to re-examine its approach to film production. In 1930 Carl Laemmle Jr, who had been put in charge of the studio by his father began a series of horror films, which became Universal's speciality in the early 1930s, with the production of Dracula and Frankenstein. ...read more.

Middle

In 1933, despite Laemmle Sr's ambitions, the company entered a two-year period of receivership. The studio was re-established, after some administrative reorganisation, at the end of the decade. However, by the mid-1940s Universal was once again in economic difficulties. The studio's financial welfare was resting somewhat precariously on Deanna Durbin and on Abbott and Costello; their pictures, while still profitable, were not doing as well as in the past (Alan Eyles, 'Universal and international', 1978). Universal's response to this situation was to attempt to attract major stars to the studio by giving them a percentage of the profits from their film, and simultaneously to increase budgets, thereby attracting a number of independent producers. ...read more.

Conclusion

on the Western Front, a consideration of Universal films of the period thus calls for an examination of the intersection of genre and studio style within a set of industrial determinants. A variety of explanations have been put forward for Universal's specialisation in the horror genre. Stephen Pendo, argues: 'Depression audience wanted the escapist entertainment which horror provided...Universal's contribution was to assemble the best and most imaginative technicians- cameramen, directors, makeup artists, set designers and special effects men available'. Of all the Hollywood studios, Universal is probably best known for introducing the American public to horror. Founded by Carl Laemmle and under the watchful eye of, Irving Thalberg, the studio produced several classic silent films with Lon Chaney Sr. The studio had a resurgence in horror interest in the early 1930s. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Plays section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Plays essays

  1. Jaws - short summary

    That attack was made to make the audience scared because the shark will attack when ever it wants and in public, these two attacks were made to make the audience even more scared of the shark. The third attack was on the forth of July which involved Brody's son.

  2. Donner Company

    However, the scheduling must begin when the customer confirms the order. But according to the new organization plan, it's the task of purchase department to purchase the material and design engineer to give the list of martial and shop supervisor to schedule the production.

  1. DIGITAL SPECIAL EFFECTS

    group had the chance to act as her whilst the rest of us represent what their talking about and their feelings. In the beginning we all sat down to ask, answer and discuss issues concerning our character and what exactly we want to show in the play.

  2. Film Studies The Studio System

    In some ways you could say that Cedric Gibbons was the most influential set designer of the 1930s, because he controlled such a large studio. His autocratic control ensured that his vision and his visual style would end up on the screen.

  1. Set design for 'he Long and the Short and theTall

    The most obvious problem with this is that the wall blocks the view of most of the audience even if it is low. I'm not sure that there is a suitable place for the table. It needs to be at the back of the stage to not block any acting

  2. Research into drama productions Analysis of a range of drama productions We have been ...

    Most importunately we all got a hand in trying out bits and bobs of editing also, which was a very good experience. One another area that we touched was the finalization of roles for all the group members and each one knew what part they were playing.

  1. The Long, The Short and The Tall - drama anlysis

    For tension and violence I am going to look at the middle of act one. There is also violence in these pages. For violence and pathos I am going to analyse the end of Act II, I am also going to analyse the start of act II for violence, pathos and tension.

  2. 'The Gift' and 'Frankenstein' - Response, Development and Evaluation

    We agreed that most scientific developments create controversy of some sort. We also agreed that, like Frankenstein's monster, people do not like to be outsiders or feel "different". We have now completed the response phase. We have looked at a selection of scientific/medical issues and have looked at a range

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work