• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Universal Studios: A short case study

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Universal Universal was a relatively minor studio, one of the 'Little Three' companies (the others being Columbia and United Artists), which lacked their own theatres and depended for exhibition outlets on the cinema circuits of the 'Big Five' (Warner Bros, RKO, Fox, Paramount and MGM), the vertically integrated majors. The company established itself in the 1920s under the ownership of Carl Laemmle and adapted its studio to sound production relatively early: by 1930, all of its releases were 'talkies'. However by this time the recession which affected the entire film industry had forced Universal to re-examine its approach to film production. In 1930 Carl Laemmle Jr, who had been put in charge of the studio by his father began a series of horror films, which became Universal's speciality in the early 1930s, with the production of Dracula and Frankenstein. ...read more.

Middle

In 1933, despite Laemmle Sr's ambitions, the company entered a two-year period of receivership. The studio was re-established, after some administrative reorganisation, at the end of the decade. However, by the mid-1940s Universal was once again in economic difficulties. The studio's financial welfare was resting somewhat precariously on Deanna Durbin and on Abbott and Costello; their pictures, while still profitable, were not doing as well as in the past (Alan Eyles, 'Universal and international', 1978). Universal's response to this situation was to attempt to attract major stars to the studio by giving them a percentage of the profits from their film, and simultaneously to increase budgets, thereby attracting a number of independent producers. ...read more.

Conclusion

on the Western Front, a consideration of Universal films of the period thus calls for an examination of the intersection of genre and studio style within a set of industrial determinants. A variety of explanations have been put forward for Universal's specialisation in the horror genre. Stephen Pendo, argues: 'Depression audience wanted the escapist entertainment which horror provided...Universal's contribution was to assemble the best and most imaginative technicians- cameramen, directors, makeup artists, set designers and special effects men available'. Of all the Hollywood studios, Universal is probably best known for introducing the American public to horror. Founded by Carl Laemmle and under the watchful eye of, Irving Thalberg, the studio produced several classic silent films with Lon Chaney Sr. The studio had a resurgence in horror interest in the early 1930s. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Plays section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Plays essays

  1. A Comparative Study between Shakers and Picnic on a Battlefield

    The parents automatically began judging the foreign soldier simply because he didn't speak English. The playwright extensively mocks the way in which British people make assumptions about foreigners simply on the basis that they are foreign. Both plays are intended to be played in a natural style - more so Picnic on a Battlefield than Shakers though.

  2. DIGITAL SPECIAL EFFECTS

    I think we achieved our objective in this scene because after the performance I spoke to some of the audience and they said the scene made them feel weird and uncomfortable. The message in this scene was that elderly people have needs, not only survival and social needs but also

  1. Jaws - short summary

    That attack was made to make the audience scared because the shark will attack when ever it wants and in public, these two attacks were made to make the audience even more scared of the shark. The third attack was on the forth of July which involved Brody's son.

  2. Film Studies The Studio System

    b&w), The Yearling (1946 - color), Little Women (1949 - color), An American in Paris (1951 - color), The Bad and The Beautiful (1952 - b&w), Julius Caesar (1953 - b&w), Somebody Up There Likes Me (1956 - b&w). He was nominated for Wizard of Oz in 1939, but didn't win.

  1. Set design for 'he Long and the Short and theTall

    I have decided that set 1 is a strong possibility and the only thing I think needs modifying is the positioning of the table. Set 2 is designed so that the audience see the arrival of the Japanese solider. He can enter through the side door of the annex.

  2. Donner Company

    Symptoms and reasons of the occurrence of symptoms. 1. Change orders: Customers often change their requirements (like design, quantity and dates) before the production starts. These result in delay and uncertainty in production Planning. 2. Urgent orders: Very frequently Donner accepts urgent orders.

  1. 'The Gift' and 'Frankenstein' - Response, Development and Evaluation

    Extreme Genetic Disorders should be removed, however, people should not be given talents. I believe this because we will end up with a very 'perfect' and alike nation. Also, if these abilities to give immunity against disease fall into the wrong hands, it can be used as a weapon.

  2. The route to achieving good production sound - pre-production process.

    Instead they will try and answer your question the best they can based on reasonable (though not always correct) assumptions, or based on what they would like you to rent in order to maximize profit or minimize their effort.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work