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After Charles V's abdication of his rule, the Hapsburg Empire was split into two parts. Phillip II received Spain and all of its possessions. One possession that Phillip II received was the tiny Spanish territory of the Netherlands.

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Introduction

Jay Sen 10/31/02 AP Euro Essay test Question # 1 After Charles V's abdication of his rule, the Hapsburg Empire was split into two parts. Phillip II received Spain and all of its possessions. One possession that Phillip II received was the tiny Spanish territory of the Netherlands. The Netherlands may have been a small area region, in comparison to the mammoth proportions of Spain, but the Dutch proved to be industrious and effective people. Protestant ideas began to take root in the Netherlands, and these ideas spread very quickly. Phillip II of Spain, being as divinely Catholic as he was, seemed simply horrified that any nation in his empire would oppose him and his universal church. Although Phillip was angry at the fact that the Dutch were leaning towards Protestant faiths, he also realized how valuable the Netherlands truly could be. ...read more.

Middle

Although Spain was in shambles, or on the road toward ruin, Phillip II still decided to confront the economically stable and British-allied Netherlands. The Netherlands, although small, were an extremely stable nation. Protestant faith had spread throughout most of the nation, and partially based on certain Protestant principles, the Dutch handled their money very well. Masses of money were coming into the Netherlands because of forming commercial cities such as Antwerp and Bruges. Beyond their economic stability, the Dutch were extremely well organized in political manners. The 17 provinces within the Netherlands developed a federal collaboration of "Netherlandish identity." Dating back even further, to 1355, was the Joyeuse Entr�e(Joyous Entry), the Dutch constitution. Both of these factors added to political and social unity within the Netherlands. Spain lacked this one quality, completely. In addition, Phillip's arrogant preaching of universal "Spanishness" only heightened the Dutch nationalism. ...read more.

Conclusion

The English protected and helped the Dutch against the Spanish, and once the English had defeated the Spanish Armada and proven themselves all-powerful, the Dutch were clearly done with Spanish confrontation. Amsterdam had become one of the leading ports in Europe and once the Dutch and English East India Tea Companies had formed, trade was taken to a completely new level. The tiny nation of the Netherlands had indeed knocked down the once majestic Spain. The Netherlands, initially under Spanish rule, was always thought of as a valuable nation although it was small in size. In confrontation with the Spanish, the Netherlands proved that size was not the determining factor in a conflict. Spain was in a dire situation economically, politically, and socially. The Dutch were in an extremely stable state, and growing to be even more prosperous, in many ways. With the help of England, the rising world power at the time, the Dutch were able fend off the Spanish, as well as establish themselves as a powerful and flourishing nation. ...read more.

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