• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Asia politics

Extracts from this document...


Helena Rindone Dr. Ng Quin Government 222.01 29 October 2007 Midterm There were several ways in which the Asian and Western systems of international relations clashed in the 19th century. The main focus of the Western international relations was expansion through trade. However Asian relations made it very clear that they had not "the slightest need of [your] country's manufactures" (Cohen 246). One of the problems came from the illegal importation of opium into China. Western countries wanted to trade with Asia but the westerners had little to offer them. They began trading opium for Asian goods but the Asians were unaware of the addicting negative side-effects. The drug was banned but the Westerners continued to trade it. The roots of the conflict however were because of the two fundamentally different concepts of international relations and trade. In the face of Western pressure to open China to trade, the Qing dynasty did not stray from the old system to which it was accustomed and struggled to keep the West at bay (Meinheit, 1997). ...read more.


The West was trying to get the Asian countries to adapt to a system of paper money but the Asian countries adamantly opposed it. The Westerners also had a better grasp on sea power. The islanders were of course more vulnerable to European sea power, less organized politically- and they paid the price of loosing land and control (Cohen 244). These are just a few of the things to consider when discussing the clashes that occurred in the 19th century. There were many causes and effects of the collapse of the Chinese domestic structure during the time of the 1911 Revolution. Internal political factors were the inefficient emperors, lack of Manchu leadership, corruption and political decentralization. As the emperor held absolute power, administration in Peking was efficient only if he was an able man and in the 19th century there was no great Ch'ing emperor (thecorner.org). The race to conquer China was growing and where they normally had powerful political influence from the Manchu's, their leadership was lacking. ...read more.


The more people only meant more poverty. Since society was poor the government could only collect so many taxes (thecorner.org). Most of the time tax collection was so corrupt that rebellions broke out resulting in more costs to fix it. With the growing decentralization tax collection was even harder. The country was only growing poorer. Another important factor was the unrest of the people. Their anti-Manchu attitudes could not be suppressed and they were ready to rise up in arms (thecorner.org). Lastly the military was very weak. There were two kinds of forces; the Eight Banner and the Chinese Green Standard. The current forces were a mixture of the soldiers from the different Banners. There were constant rivals and jealousy among them. The efficiency was poor and the there was a lack of centralization which only led to more corrupt officials. The poverty of soldiers is also important to note because the pay they received was horrible and they were forbidden to join any other profession. What was the point in being effective? The fighting spirit was basically gone (thecorner.org) All these points eventually led up to the fall of the Chinese domestic structures. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics essays

  1. Comprehensive Anatomy of China

    In addition to the transfer of power in Hong Kong and Macao, he also successfully negotiated a trade agreement with the United States that reduced barriers to commerce between the two countries. The world over took this as the next step in China's Open Door policy.

  2. Where does the World Trade Organisation fit in the overall scheme of international public ...

    Again, there is next-to-no progress to report. The Ministerial Declaration states that new negotiations "shall be limited to the transparency aspects and therefore will not restrict the scope for countries to give preferences to domestic supplies and suppliers".113 Trade facilitation Arbitrary, corrupt and time-consuming customs administration, excessive trade documentation and assorted red tape often do more harm

  1. European background to the scramble for Africa (1850 to 1900)

    The region is secured by 1984. * 1896 - The world is getting more and more glimpses of what Leopold's regime is like, when natives from Britain's colonies who worked in the CFS are asked about the condition of the state.

  2. What as the impact of China's re-engagement with the international community been on its ...

    Because, in the past, population, military and the size of country were considered as tools that could change normal a country to be a powerful one. Since the Han period, Chinese have hold the believe that China is the centre of the world.

  1. In this report, we shall explore the reasons for the shift from multilateralism to ...

    For instance, Japan supplies the essential capital goods, while Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore provide finance, design and marketing expertise. Thailand, China and Indonesia on the other hand focus on labour-intensive operations. This arrangement in turn allows APEC member economies on average to enjoy lower cost of living because of the reduced trade barriers and a more economically competitive region.

  2. The demand for an international school in Hong Kong.

    HKCEE and HKALE) while ten non-local curricula are available in international schools. These non-local curricula include British, the United Stats, Japanese, Canadian, French, Australian, Singaporean, Korea, German and International Baccalaureate. The curricula adopted by the three international schools chosen are more or less the same.

  1. Why was slavey abolished in the 19th century?

    Back in Britain, through the influence and high standing of William Wilberforce who helped lead the mass petition, the House of Commons resulted by 230 votes to 85 that slavery should be abolished gradually. However, government officials who had an eye on what was happening in France were wary of

  2. International trade - In this case I choose the country Canada. When doing a ...

    Table 2: C o u n t r y Production Before Trade After Trade Cloth Wine Cloth Wine England 8 5 18 - Portugal 9 6 - 12 Total 17 11 18 12 In table 2 shows how trade might be an advantage.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work