• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Asia politics

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Helena Rindone Dr. Ng Quin Government 222.01 29 October 2007 Midterm There were several ways in which the Asian and Western systems of international relations clashed in the 19th century. The main focus of the Western international relations was expansion through trade. However Asian relations made it very clear that they had not "the slightest need of [your] country's manufactures" (Cohen 246). One of the problems came from the illegal importation of opium into China. Western countries wanted to trade with Asia but the westerners had little to offer them. They began trading opium for Asian goods but the Asians were unaware of the addicting negative side-effects. The drug was banned but the Westerners continued to trade it. The roots of the conflict however were because of the two fundamentally different concepts of international relations and trade. In the face of Western pressure to open China to trade, the Qing dynasty did not stray from the old system to which it was accustomed and struggled to keep the West at bay (Meinheit, 1997). ...read more.

Middle

The West was trying to get the Asian countries to adapt to a system of paper money but the Asian countries adamantly opposed it. The Westerners also had a better grasp on sea power. The islanders were of course more vulnerable to European sea power, less organized politically- and they paid the price of loosing land and control (Cohen 244). These are just a few of the things to consider when discussing the clashes that occurred in the 19th century. There were many causes and effects of the collapse of the Chinese domestic structure during the time of the 1911 Revolution. Internal political factors were the inefficient emperors, lack of Manchu leadership, corruption and political decentralization. As the emperor held absolute power, administration in Peking was efficient only if he was an able man and in the 19th century there was no great Ch'ing emperor (thecorner.org). The race to conquer China was growing and where they normally had powerful political influence from the Manchu's, their leadership was lacking. ...read more.

Conclusion

The more people only meant more poverty. Since society was poor the government could only collect so many taxes (thecorner.org). Most of the time tax collection was so corrupt that rebellions broke out resulting in more costs to fix it. With the growing decentralization tax collection was even harder. The country was only growing poorer. Another important factor was the unrest of the people. Their anti-Manchu attitudes could not be suppressed and they were ready to rise up in arms (thecorner.org). Lastly the military was very weak. There were two kinds of forces; the Eight Banner and the Chinese Green Standard. The current forces were a mixture of the soldiers from the different Banners. There were constant rivals and jealousy among them. The efficiency was poor and the there was a lack of centralization which only led to more corrupt officials. The poverty of soldiers is also important to note because the pay they received was horrible and they were forbidden to join any other profession. What was the point in being effective? The fighting spirit was basically gone (thecorner.org) All these points eventually led up to the fall of the Chinese domestic structures. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics essays

  1. European background to the scramble for Africa (1850 to 1900)

    Both as explorer and administrator his dealings with the natives were marked by consideration, kindness and patience, and he earned the title of Father of the Slaves. * His efforts to connect the upper Congo with the Atlantic by a railway through French territory showed that he understood the chief economic needs of the colony.

  2. Where does the World Trade Organisation fit in the overall scheme of international public ...

    Very little progress has been made to date on this front. Finally, while the GATS excludes coverage of public procurement in services, further negotiations are mandated. Again, there is next-to-no progress to report.

  1. Comprehensive Anatomy of China

    His modernization movement was so successful that by the early 1990's, figures that indicated the people's average incomes had tripled since he took control of the country. The modernization didn't come easily though. For example, after people began have a better understanding of the individual freedoms and rights enjoyed by

  2. What as the impact of China's re-engagement with the international community been on its ...

    The economic reform programme of Deng's actions gradually started to spread to the rest of the country. During this era, China looked out of its own country than ever and it seemed to have better relations with other countries also.

  1. Why was slavey abolished in the 19th century?

    An example of when financial criteria affected British slavery was when sugar markets in Brazil and Cuba began to make an improved and cheaper sugar cane, there was no need for the slave routes to the West Indies' sugar markets to be continued which led them to be reduced.

  2. International trade - In this case I choose the country Canada. When doing a ...

    He intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention. By pursuing his own interest he frequently promotes that of the society more effectually than when he really intends to promote it.

  1. Economic development and China and south east Asia

    Hong Kong made the breakthrough as a colony in the late 1950s. Singapore made the breakthrough after 1965 when it was forced to be independent and some rational rulers embarked on an industrialisation program. At last, the country achieved an attractive breakthrough in the last decade is China, which is the most populous country in the world.

  2. "Strategies Applied in Organization in Big Chinese Society"

    profitable progress over the last two decades but even with that many are in still in doubt if China can find solutions to the great difficulties and challenges it is facing. In the State of the Union Address of President George Bush in 1999, he proudly stated that "Today, America is the most dynamic, competitive, job-creating economy in history."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work