• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Colonial Rivalries.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Colonial Rivalries Part 1 European powers had colonies long before industrialisation. The true age of discovery was the 16th century. From 1450-1815 Spain and Portugal, then Holland, France and Britain gained colonies in Africa, Americas and Asia. Some settlements like North America were white settlements, while other areas were plantation colonies, in which native races were made to work the land (both employed and slaves). However the period from 1815-1870 was the age of anti-imperialism, as Britain's large empire was observed as "a millstone around our neck" by Disraeli. In an 1865 parliamentary report, it was recommended that Britain should abandon some of its West African Colonies. Other disillusionment over imperialism related to the fact that American, Canadian and South African colonists, had wished for independence from Britain and the right to self-rule. ...read more.

Middle

Russia's conquests in this time were based on extending their boarders in the East. Russia potentially appeared to be an aggressor to Britain's Jewel (India), as Russian forces were within striking distance of Afghanistan, which was adjacent to India's North West front. Russia began her expansion in 1840s -1860s. Tashkent and Bokhara, meant most of Turkistan was under Russian control. It also obtained a strategically very important Vladivostok, adjacent to the Pacific and China. In this so-called age of anti-imperialism, 3 major European powers greatly extended their empires, for various reasons, from trade, strategic points, to prestige. Part 2 To a majority of Victorians, Africa was the dark continent. It was assumed it had no history and the people remained unchanged from ancient times. This assumption brought about fantastical tales of barbarism as well as the fact that there were no definite boarders to countries, as in Europe, it was thought that anarchy reigned and that Africans were a lesser people. ...read more.

Conclusion

Cape Colony was regarded as an imperative port on the route to India. Both before and after the Suez Canal opened in 1869. In 1872, the Cape was granted self-government, however this did not mean the end of British influence. Many local tribes saw Europeans as potential allies against other tribes rather rivals. North African countries had a much more integrated economy with Europe. Trade between these two areas was excellent and economic changes were down to decline of the slave trade. Between 1815-1870, commercial links were growing much stronger each decade. In turn most African regions were developing well also. However the gap between Europe and Africa was still widening as world trade was expanding at a much faster rate than the African economy as a whole. Also the encounter between Europeans and Africans after 1870 was by no means equal. This was due to the rapid technological advance of the leading European states in forms of transport and weapons. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics essays

  1. Globalisation of GAP

    Terms of the agreement include a five-year commitment. The agreement represents the first time Banana Republic will sell its products outside its own distribution channels. "Their ability to transform eyewear concepts into luxury products is a great complement to our own expertise in extending the Banana Republic brand."

  2. The discovery of the Americas greatly influenced world history

    a labour force - "especially to Brazil, the Caribbean, and coastal regions-to replace the Indians."7 Not only did millions of indigenous people from the Americas perish due to disease, but during the four hundred and fifty years that the Trans-Atlantic slave trade encompassed, it is estimated that somewhere between nine and thirteen million slaves were imported into the Americas.

  1. Where does the World Trade Organisation fit in the overall scheme of international public ...

    All this argues in favour of a longish round. Third, the Doha Round presents WTO members with a major opportunity to shape the future of the multilateral trading system. There are three scenarios in view: Scenario One would rediscover the raison d'�tre of the GATT: the progressive reduction and removal

  2. Colonialism and Colonies.

    In spheres of influence or informal empires, Europeans interfered in the internal affairs of a state but stopped short of formal political annexation. During the 19th century, individual Western nations declared so-called spheres of influence over parts of China. They even required that disputes involving Europeans in these areas of

  1. European background to the scramble for Africa (1850 to 1900)

    wanted a part of it * Exploration of sea routes around the Cape of Good Hope brought the French to it in 1529, the English in 1580 and the Dutch in 1595 * Between these four powers, a competition for the Africa's trade developed * Britain founded the East India

  2. Comprehensive Anatomy of China

    In 1948 the prevailing Chinese Communist Party (CCP) defeated the then ruling Nationalist Party. The current government was established in October 1949 after CCP chairman Mao Zedong declared the formation of the People's Republic of China (PRC). This effectively brought an end to Western imperialist involvement in China because the

  1. Why did the colonial powers develop a need for African Slavery?

    were for the term of their lives."3 From this the legislative floodgates were opened to suppress further ambiguities or rights blacks had in the New World. In the American colonies of the 17th century one sees an entirely new economy of large scale agricultural production for pure profit beginning, unrestricted and unchecked by traditional British institutions.

  2. Emergency Economic Recovery Program From the United Nations International Report, Vol. I, no. A1

    rehabilitation of the transmission and distribution network. The establishment of a team to carry out the emergency program is recommended. It is also necessary to immediately start a plan for the future of the sub-sector. This would include a review of the possibility for private sector participation in the medium and long term.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work