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Critically discuss the main political ideas of the anti-globalisation movement.

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Introduction

Critically discuss the main political ideas of the anti-globalisation movement "Globalisation is a problematic term which has come to mean whatever people want it to mean. The vagueness creates a special problem for what is called the 'anti-globalisation movement', which is often perceived as something it isn't. It is portrayed quite wrongly, as being in favour of actual separation rather than the sort of internationalism which has always been a feature of progressive politics". Monbiot, George (2001). This quote by Monbiot illustrates how the anti-globalization movement is miss-understood and this essay will tease out the often ambiguous main ideas behind the anti-globalisation movement: looking at their critique of contemporary capitalism, the state and the current debt crisis. These three political ideas can be linked to one another in many ways, but the main focus here is to analyse each one individually. Greater interconnectedness, global trade and free movement of capital and people have been on the agenda of the anti-globalisation movement for sometime. However, contemporary capitalism that incorporates these issues is arguably the main source of the anti-globalisation movement's energies: capitalism has spread the slogans of the west to each corner of the globe; it has outsourced cheap labour from the East, and left many winners and losers in its path. It has enraged the anti-globalisation movements leading to mass protests and subsequently leading to meetings held by the IMF (International Monetary fund) ...read more.

Middle

Young radical activists, who regard themselves as anarchists, are likely to be hostile not only to corporations but to capitalism. Many envision a stateless society based on small, egalitarian communities". The quote is saying that power should not be held ultimately by one person or one government party. The state should be broken up, and power divided equally amongst everyone, and the continuation of current political system is unsustainable. However, it can also be argued that the state does not wield as much power as it use to because of globalisation, certainly in monetary terms, many policies implemented by government have become almost ineffective due to availability of capital from abroad, and the impact that world financial markets have on the United Kingdom. Another main focus that the movement centres its energies on is the debt crisis that has been looming since the 1980's. This started largely around the time that Japans economy stopped growing and other new industrializers stumbled over imbalances in trade and rising debt. (Shipman, Alan 2002) Even though the debt crisis in many LDC's (less developed countries) is often due to contributory negligence, (bad management by the government) the anti-globalisation movements protests are directed at the WB and IMF because of their way of dealing with these complex financial, democratic and social crisis is a 'one size fits all' approach. ...read more.

Conclusion

While the gap between the rich and poor widens brewing more unrest, demonstrations and poverty across the world. Critical Bibliography Epstein, B. (2001) Anarchism and the Anti Globalization Movement [Online]. Available at <http://www.globalpolicy.org/ngos/role/globdem/globgov/2001/0924antiglob.htm> [Accessed on 26/03/04] Barbara Epstein's view is objective and simply analysing the anti-globalisation movement's motives, how they portray themselves and applying their thinking to other thinkers such as Marx. Epstein avoids criticising large business or supranational bodies in her writings. This particular piece was useful due to its objectiveness and in-depth look into how the anti-globalisation portrays itself, and the ideas that it follows. It made enduring the initial task of analysing what the anti-globalisation movement stands for and how they can be linked to current ideologies an easier feat. Klein, N. (2002) Fences and Windows, Flamingo HarperCollins publishes, Hammersmith, London Naomi Klein is notorious for being extremely against globalisation and against the big corporations and supranational bodies such as the IMF and World Bank. However, Klein does argue her case very well and uses real life scenarios to justify her work. However, her language at times can be quite journalistic and personal rather than being objective. Reading the whole of Fences and Windows has enriched this essay greatly and enabled real life instances to be cited and applied to the question at hand. Though being extremely against the idea of globalisation and often very journalistic, this books deep real-time analysis of far reaching issues has helped the structure, arguments and body of this essay. ...read more.

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