• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the impact of increased contact with the outside world on Japan in the 1850's and 1860's.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the impact of increased contact with the outside world on Japan in the 1850's and 1860's. By Danni Patterson 10D In 1639, Japan's seclusion policy was adopted and enforced, aiming to legitimize and strengthen its authority, both domestically and in East Asia. The seclusion policy prohibited trade with, and travel to , foreign countries by all Japanese. There was no overseas contact with Japan with the exception of the Portuguese, who were situated on a vessel on the Japanese island of Nagasaki. They were only allowed one trading boat per year in the hope to reduce overseas trade. The aim of this isolation was impede the spread of foreign ideas such as Christianity and to become a self-sufficient nation. Although lasting for almost 200 years, Japan knew that it wouldn't be long before the west came with new trade agreements.Towards the end of the eighteenth century, focus was again on the pacific region and the Chinese trade, and once again Western attention was focusing on Japan. ...read more.

Middle

Japan became vulnerable to other nations with supremacy over itself, and as foreign intrest in Japan grew, pressure on Japan to sign treaties grew. This became even more evident as later that year, similar treaties were signed with unfair trade agreements with other western countries, including France, Holland, Britain and Russia. All of these treaties were based on power and they clearly favored the interests of the other countries and did not give Japan equal privileges. It can be strongly argued that Japan was bullied to sign them. By the 1860's opposition centred on Japans south west clans. Many people with considerable financial support and power opposed two Clans in particular, Satsuma and Choshu and after the recent events, were calling for the countries power to be back in the hands of the emporer rather than the shogun. Many believed that the officials had made poor decisions on behalf of their country and were not happy with the way that Japan changed as a result of it. ...read more.

Conclusion

During this time a number of social, political, economical, military and educational modernizations occurred. Japan's new leaders knew that if Japan was going to be a strong and powerful country it would have to be stronger militarily. A new capital city was formed in Toyko, and here a central government had become a political reality in Meiji Japan. These changes were also put down in a Charter Oath and Constitution. A democratic system was also established to make sure that all matters were decided by public discussion. During this time, superiority between the different social classes decreased as to become a powerful country Japan believed that had to have people treated with equality. There were many positive affects that came out of increased contact with foreigners and the fall of the Tokugawa Shogunate. With a young, new and ambitious leader, Japan did what it had to, to become one of the worlds most powerful nations. It was a long awaited change that was needed to make Japan advance. The Meiji Restoration marked the real beginning of Japan's transformation and entry into the international world. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics essays

  1. Explain why the Anglo-Dutch Treaty was signed in 1824.

    The number of Chinese in Malaya grew.. The 1931 census revealed that Malays no longer formed the majority in the total population of the Malay States and Straits Settlements. Divisions between Malays, Chinese and Indians, already culturally profound, were deepened by British perceptions and policies. The growing towns and cities of Malaya, predominantly populated by Chinese, became

  2. Where does the World Trade Organisation fit in the overall scheme of international public ...

    The GATT/WTO is not a substitute for national governance in trade policy; rather, with the right sort of rules, based on MFN and National Treatment, it can be a helpful auxiliary to good national governance.

  1. If you want to feed the people of the third world eat chocolate - ...

    chocolate history; John Cadbury was the first person to produce solid eating chocolate through the development of fondant chocolate in 1842 and Henri Nestle created the first milk chocolate by adding milk in 1875. Both companies now dominate the chocolate industry internationally.

  2. Free essay

    Globalisation and changing career patterns

    have had to look at further education or training just to be employable. In all due respect, to work in the fields listed above, you did not have to be a graduate or a highly skilled individual. But this is also one of the reasons it has been easier to

  1. Will trading fairly reduce world poverty?

    Trading also plays a big role in some people's lives as they trade for a living and make money out of it. There are many features of trade; amongst them are importing and exporting goods. Many countries in order to do trade need to import and export goods.

  2. European background to the scramble for Africa (1850 to 1900)

    colonialism; nevertheless they supported the concept of European rule in African countries. It was a means for the missionaries to introduce and convert African into Christianity. "...European control would provide a political environment that would facilitate missionary activity in Africa" * Missionary activity began early 19th century (same time as European countries gained interest in Africa).

  1. What as the impact of China's re-engagement with the international community been on its ...

    In 1958, Mao launched the Great Leap Forward.2 It showed that China began to see the importance of economics. However, from 1958-1960, it was unsuccessful as lacking of good planning and management. In 1978,China was governed by Deng Xiaoping, this period was regarded as a beginning of China's reengagement and a great time of Chinese revolutions.

  2. By the mid nineteenth century, Britain had been the world's strongest economic power for ...

    In 1940 Duncan Burn formed the crux of the entrepreneurial failure hypothesis with his highly influential book, The Economic History of Steelmaking 1867-1939, A Study in Comparison. It is hardly surprising to see how contemporaries viewed Britain's economic performance in contrasting ways.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work