• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the view that inflation is always harmful.

Extracts from this document...


Discuss the view that inflation is always a major problem? High Inflation dampens the ability of governments to achieve their ultimate objective of enhancing their citizens? wellbeing. It widens income inequalities between the rich and the poor, reduces the price competitiveness of goods and services leading to balance of payment problems, discourages savings and lending, causes economic and political instability etc. The true consequences of inflation however, depend on its rate, how old it is, whether it is anticipated or unanticipated and the inflation rates of other countries. A rapid rate of inflation implies a sharp rise in the cost of living. Consequently relatively poor individuals or those belonging to low income classes suffer more than the rich. Fixed income earners, pension bearers and those deriving income from fixed interest securities etc. ...read more.


Costing and pricing decisions become even more difficult, forcing investors to either avoid or delay their investment and expansion plans. Long term contracts are discouraged and frequent changes in prices damage relationships between byers and suppliers. Some investors prefer non-productive business activities such as keeping finished good in stocks (hoarding), anticipating higher prices. Investment decisions may also be influenced by the impacts of inflation on lending, borrowing and saving decisions. Real interest rates decrease when price level rises and may even be negative if inflation rate exceeds nominal interest rates. Lending and savings are discouraged when inflation rate increases since real interest rate falls. Borrowers gain at the expense of lenders as they pay back less in real terms during periods of inflation. ...read more.


Consumers too, reduce their search time for better deals and conserve the pace of economic activity. Creeping inflation also provides a supportive environment for investments and entrepreneurship. The predictability in prices allows individuals to plan their investment portfolios accordingly, fostering economic growth. Thus, the benefits of low inflation exceeds its costs as it signals growth and prosperity and encourages entrepreneurship. Inflation is often problematic except in economies where it is low or decreasing over the years and unemployment is high or on the rise. Governments may sacrifice the objective of controlling inflation in such situations and emphasize on fostering economic growth. They may remain focused on reducing unemployment even if the general price level gradually increases during the process. However, there is little doubt to the fact that a high inflation rate does not only raise cost of living but also hampers investments and economic growth. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Markets & Managing the Economy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Markets & Managing the Economy essays

  1. 'Although corporate pricing decisions are influenced by many different factors, fundamentally prices will reflect ...

    A monopolist may be able to charge different people different prices and/or different unit prices for successive units sought by a given buyer. Either one or a combination of these is called price discrimination. The reason a firm wishes to engage in price discrimination is that, where feasible, such a practice will lead to increase profits.

  2. What are the origins of the Pension Crisis and what can be done to ...

    In fact according to the Guardian, incomes from annuities taken out today are less than half the levels that would have been anticipated a decade ago. In 2002, a typical annuity for a male, aged 60 would see return of only �700 for each �100,000 accumulated and a woman of

  1. At What Level (if any) Should Government Intervene to Promote the Competitiveness of Businesses?

    to their uncompetitive position in global markets, government intervention through industrial policies for their innovative ability and competitiveness is essential but should be used very cautiously. We will discuss this issue in the next section. Infant Industry Policy and Developing Countries Among government policies to promote business competitiveness, infant industry

  2. What Are The Effects Of Tescos Oligopolistic Market Structure, On Both Consumers And Producers?

    According to the Competition Commission's report on the grocery market from 2000, the big four chains were persistently selling products at below market price. This could damage independents and smaller chains, and in turn damage consumers. This report also found that some of the chains were engaging in price-flexing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work