• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss TWO key issues facing the labour market in Australia in 2012. Explain TWO government policies that may be implemented to address these issues

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Discuss TWO key issues facing the labour market in Australia in 2012. Explain TWO government policies that may be implemented to address these issues. The Australian labour market is in a constant state of adjustment as it responds to many external and internal factors. Changes in technological, economic, demographic and social changes will affect the demand and supply of labour through the Australian labour market. At times, these changes will result in inconsistencies throughout the labour market and repress the economic growth of the country. The Australian government may intervene in the labour market and implement policies to address these issues. Labour skill shortage is an issue that the Australian government is currently facing. It is largely a reflection of shortages in the supply of labour in certain occupations and industries in relation to the demand for these labour skills. A skills shortage in a country can create critical short term and long term problems for Australia?s economic health and the standard of living for Australians. ...read more.


Another policy that the government implements is skilled migration. The government attempts to increase the supply of skilled labour through an intake of skilled migrants in specific occupations and industries. Encouraging immigration also simply increases the aggregate supply and hence the supply for labour. Through manipulation such as incentives, the intake of skilled migrants can also be reviewed to meet economic requirements. Through the operation of these policies, the government can address the issue of a skills shortage in the Australian labour market. While skills shortage is a key issue the Australian labour market is currently facing, casualisation is providing to be an issue as well. Casualisation is the trend towards outsourcing and use of casual and part-time labour through the changes in the labour market in terms of increased employer demands for flexibility and the growth of part-time employment. The Australian Bureau of Statistics defines a casual job as a job without paid leave entitlements, but the essence of a casual job is that the employee is expendable. ...read more.


The growth in casual employment has given businesses greater flexibility in the management of their workforce, which in turn has contributed to a more efficient use of resources stimulating economic growth. The government may implement a policy giving casuals the ability to convert to a permanent status. Although this will likely create a more rigid labour force it will ultimately give casual workers a more secure and certain flow of income. The Australian government may implement this policy to address the issue of casualisation in the Australian labour market. The Australian labour market is very dynamic as it responds to technological, economic, demographic and social changes of the country. These can affect the demand and supply of labour in our market and economy on many levels. Two key issues that the Australian market is currently facing are skills shortages and the casualisation of labour, and the government has the choice to intervene to implement policies that can help prevent them from stifling the economic growth of Australia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Macroeconomics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Macroeconomics essays

  1. Budget 2004-05 and Economic Analysis of Pakistan

    Public sector investment also accelerated by growing 40.8 percent in 2003-04. Most importantly, private sector real investment in large scale manufacturing registered an extraordinary growth of 25.4 percent in 2003-04, indicating a sharp rise in private sector confidence on the economy.

  2. Governments set economic objectives - Discuss the relative importance of each of these objectives ...

    The service sector grew by 0.5% compared to the same time last year, where it was 2.5%. Growth in services is heavily dependent on High Street spending which has slowed down, according the Office for National Statistics (ONS). The UK's manufacturing output declined across all major sectors, and the output of production industries is estimated to fall sharply once more.

  1. Comparing the effects of immigration on GDP in Malaysia, Japan and South Africa.

    Malaysia that the rising level of crime is committed by foreigners, and in particular, migrant workers. This feeling seems to be borne out in the statistics. The New Straits Times estimated that four out of 10 prison inmates in Malaysia are foreigners.

  2. Outline any two main/priority issue that concern the Australian economy & discuss the effectiveness ...

    Net foreign debt and equity are the two components that foreign liabilities are comprised of. Foreign debt increases when Australians borrow from overseas. Since it represents an outflow of funds, the CAD increases. High foreign debt can lead to the debt trap scenario.

  1. Unemployment Issues in Germany

    living standard but despite that, Germany's exports for 2005 totalled $1.016 trillion. The country's main exports include machinery, vehicles, chemicals, metals and manufactures, foodstuffs, consumer electronics, textiles and electricity. Furthemore, Germany is the world's second largest importer of goods with a total of $801 billion in imports.

  2. Unemployment Report.

    There will always be some level of unemployment present in the economy, either frictional or structural. The NRU is currently estimated to be around 6%2. It varies from one country to the next and changes over time. It is effected by the technological change, participation rate, government policies effecting labor mobility, job vacancy information and labor retraining programs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work