• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16
  17. 17
  18. 18
  19. 19
  20. 20
  21. 21
  22. 22
  23. 23
  24. 24
  25. 25
  26. 26
  27. 27
  28. 28
  29. 29
  30. 30
  31. 31

Flower Industry in Netherlands

Extracts from this document...


Flower Industry in Netherlands Haw Hsin Yang Rutgers University-Camden A) International Trade * Balance of payments-analyses and implications Netherlanders create a total GDP of �453 billion in 2003 which equals �27,900 per capita. Export and import of goods as % of GDP respectively reached 58% and 68%, and she is the sixth largest exporter and investor in world. A sizable current account surplus is produced by food processing, chemicals, petroleum refining, and electrical machinery. The country continues to be one of the leading European countries for attracting foreign direct investment. Though economic growth slowed considerably in 2001-03, as partly the global economic slowdown, for the four years before recession, annual growth of GDP averaged nearly 4%, which exceeded the EU average. Year 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Trade balance Amount Million $ 20430 16034 17519 20913 25754 Current account balance Amount Million $ 13031 12996 4561 8144 9866 Capital and Financial account balance Amount Million $ -15370 -17607 -4341 -8495 -9999 Overall balance Amount Million $ -2339 -4611 220 -351 -133 Source: IMF Financial Statistics Year Book 2003 * Trading relationships The Netherlands has been a leading trading nation for many centuries. Her prosperous and open economy depends heavily on foreign trade. In 1602, the very first international trade company, Dutch East Indian Company, was founded by Netherlanders. Although the Netherlands no longer occupies the governing position it held in the 17th and 18th centuries, her trading position still remains relatively strong. With 0.25% of the world population and a little under 1% of total global production, the Netherlands generates 3.2% of world trade - nearly four times as much as might be expected purely in terms of the size of her economy. Since signing the Treaty of Paris to found ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community), Netherlands has become one of the very beginning member countries of EU. Along with 11 of its EU partners, Netherlands began circulating the euro currency on 1 January 2002. ...read more.


* Breeding industry A number of industrial research groups are working on the Plant Biotechnology. Some breeding companies are domestic, and others have their foreign parent companies. Therefore, they are not only serving local demand but also foreign customers. The main operations of a breeding company here may be breeding plants, trading breeds internationally, and developing new varieties. However, the ability to commercialize those research results is the most crucial competitiveness of further developments in this innovative and dynamic research field. It can be illustrated that the commercialization of research results has been rapidly revolving. First the application of patents in the plant biotechnology in Netherlands has increased rapidly and many universities and institutes are expert at patent applications and have produced a number of high quality patents. Therefore, that the key reason why many foreign companies operate a subsidiary company here because they recognize, consider and use Dutch plant genetic and biotechnological groups as attractive research partners, either through IJVs or direct contract cooperation. Besides these big companies, many incubated start-up companies from universities, institutes are considered more and more as an attractive way to stimulate innovative commercial activities. This will result in the creation of wealth, high quality jobs and innovations for the entire industry in general. For example, the world's largest breeding company, Cebeco Inc., is located in Netherlands and exports its breeds to more than 100 countries over world. * Financial industry The vigorous financial industry in Netherlands plays a vital role in supporting agriculture by offering abundant loans. Due to limited lands available in Netherlands, Netherlanders employ as many modern technologies as possible to make up what they lack. In this way, farmers have to invest in much more capital than traditional farmers in other countries do. Not only that, some banks have excellent connections with related and supporting companies for farmers, such as glasshouse construction companies and breeding companies, and offer relevant consulting services to farmers. ...read more.


In short, in the foreseeable future Netherlands will still dominate flower market, but the vital role may be played by distribution industry and auction houses. Secondly, the purchasing power from supermarket is influential. Supermarkets in Netherlands' biggest flower export markets, German, France, and UK, have been trying to reduce their purchasing costs for a long time. Since growers in Netherlands are obliged to sell their production through auction houses, supermarkets with strong purchasing power still cannot negotiate prices with growers directly. Recently, this condition is changing, too. They've found new growers in Kenya, Colombia, Ecuador, etc, and make stable long-term contracts with them. Dutch market share in low price flowers is gradually eroded by those countries with low labor costs. Strategically speaking, they are grasping a niche market to accumulate their capital of future mechanical production. Reference: Agrilogistics in the Netherlands. (2000). Retrieved Mar. 21, 2004, from http://www.minlnv.nl/international Author: Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries and Department of Trade and Industry. Competition in the Dutch Flower Markets. (1996). Retrieved Mar. 11, 2004, from http://www.usc.edu/dept/sba/atisp/ec/dutch_flowers/flowerscase.pdf. Country profiles: Netherlands. (2002). Retrieved Apr. 10, 2004, from http://www.windowontheworldinc.com/countryprofile/netherlands.html CPB report 2003/4. (2004). Retrieved Apr. 1, 2004, from http://www.cpb.nl/eng/cpbreport/2003_4/. Author: Netherlands Central Planning Bereau. Doing Business in Netherlands. (2003). Retrieved Apr. 22, 2004, from http://www.executiveplanet.com/business-culture-in/132269375931.html. Farming and Free Trade. (2002). Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries. Author: Henk Massink and Gerrit Meester. Netherlands Facts: Economy. (2003). Retrieved Mar. 12, 2004, from http://wwwminbuzanl.econom-i.com/default.asp?CMS_ITEM=MBZ302336. Snapshot of Dutch Economy. (2003). Retrieved Mar. 12, 2004, from http://www.netherlands-embassy.org/article.asp?articleref=AR00000227EN. The World Cut Flower Industry: Trends and Prospects - Sectoral Activities. (2000). Retrieved Apr. 1, 2004, from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/papers/ctflower/139e1.htm#1. Author: International Labour Organization. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. (1998). Harvard Business Review, Mar.-Apr. 1998. Author: Michael E. Porter. Tulipmania. (1989). The Journal of Political Economy, Jun. 1989. Author: Peter M. Garber Author: Ajit Kambil and Eric Van Heck. The Netherlands - General Information. (2003). Retrieved Mar. 3, 2004, from http://www.minbuza.nl/default.asp?CMS_ITEM=MBZ257574&CMSSPL=5. Hawhsin Yang Flower Industry in Netherlands 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics essays

  1. A study of Patent system in India in the light of Patent Cooperation Treaty.

    In addition to such usual subjects of patent protection as devices, chemical compositions, and processes, some countries provide patent protection for living matter. For example, a sexually reproduced varieties of plants, excluding bacteria, uncultured plants, and tuber propagated plants, can be protected, as can sexually reproduced plants (by seed), excluding bacterial, fungi, and first-generation hybrids.

  2. What are the main determinants of industrial location?

    The balance between these forces usually resolves itself in an inverse U-shaped relationship, saying that geographical advantage will be greatest at some intermediate level of trade costs. Hence, in moving from very high trade barriers to 'intermediate' ones, the theory predicts that activity will be drawn into regions with good market access (core).

  1. Comprehensive Anatomy of China

    The only prerequisite is that all students must complete one full year of political education prior to being enrolled in college as a result of the Tiananmen Square incident. After graduation, students are now granted the opportunity to pursue a career in the profession of their choice be it a state supported or foreign investment enterprise.

  2. Free essay

    does uk housing market warrant government intervention

    The current situation is that unemployment levels are relatively high in the north, indicating there is a surplus of workers in relation to jobs. But there are low unemployment levels in the south; in fact there is a growing notion that businesses are finding it increasingly hard to acquire sufficient workers.

  1. Corruption and Globalisation - Both of them have been so pervasive in recent years. ...

    year, three banks failed as a result of corrupt practices involving campaign funds. In Ecuador, the cost to the state annually is estimated at $775 million, 9.5 percent of the GDP. It is estimated that bribes and blackmail add a 50 percent surtax onto Russian consumer goods.

  2. Where does the World Trade Organisation fit in the overall scheme of international public ...

    This applies in particular to global public goods where genuine and serious cross-border externalities are involved, as may be the case, for example, with climate change. In contrast, the global governance catchphrase - "global solutions for global problems" - assumes, wrongly, that most or all problem-solutions are global, to be dealt with by (often unaccountable and unrepresentative)

  1. Carbon Credit Trading

    Members of the Exchange made a voluntary, but legally binding, commitment to the scheme and must meet yearly targets in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The scheme works in the following way: A government agency sets a standard of emissions and divided this allowance in terms of carbon credits among all volunteer participants.

  2. This paper investigates an evidence to support the HOV model by carrying out a ...

    In particular, data for factor contents of Vietnam was calculated based on the sectoral cost structure. Cost for agricutural sector was grouped based on calculation of nine main commodities and all others in the SAM Vietnam 1997 (see more detail in Appendix B, table B.1).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work