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How is Pinney Linked with Slavery?

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How is Pinney Linked with Slavery? Trade and plantations had been in Pinney's lineage starting with his grandfather. Pinney's great grandfather John Pinney was a farmer-preacher who had two sons Nathaniel and Azariah. Nathaniel became a successful merchant and a member of the 'Royal African Company' exporting lace etc. from London to the West Indies. Originally Azariah was condemned to transportation so his brother "bought" him as his agent in the Caribbean. He then became a successful merchant exporting sugar and importing trade goods and plantation equipment. His son John, Pinney's cousin carried on the business living in the West Indies. Through his cousin Pinney inherited the plantations when he was used to be John Pretor. "My cousin Jn. Frek. Died on the 11th instant and by his will left me Devisee and sole executor. " This source tells us Pinney was the "executor" therefore he changed his name to Pinney carrying on the family name and became a plantation owner thus becoming involved in the slave trade... Pinney was a successful merchant and his wealth drove from the labouring of slaves on his plantations. This is a map of Nevis in Jan 1871: The map is reliable because it's primary drawn in 1871, I don't' think it's biased because its an informative document and therefore isn't altered as people will go the wrong way. ...read more.


It's a record of his family so there is no reason for the source to be altered or biased. Furthermore, I know that Pinney moved to Bristol in 1788 that and the source shows his later children "third daughter" and "fourth son" were born in Bristol whereas the others were born in Nevis. Therefore, I think this primary source is reliable but on it's own it doesn't suggest what effect his involvement with plantations and the slave trade had on his family. On the 31st August 1783 Pinney landed in England and then hurried on to London to meet his family. He was very angry with his father-in-law who bought his children up from Salisbury. "Contrary to my desire and direction between ten and 11'o clock at night he reached our lodgings-was impudent to reach our lodgings to send up my boys without any previous notice. We didn't know them nor they us: until Mrs. Josiah Nesbit, exclaimed 'Good God! Don't you know them?-They are your children. I was stupefied and remained had it not it been the situation of Mrs. P-it affected her so much she set her head dress in ablaze." I presume this source is a diary entry by Pinney because it's a diary entry by Pinney; however we don't know where the source is from. ...read more.


Also, there are various pieces of furniture from Nevis in the house such as the desk in the house. Trade and plantations were further carried on through the family as Pinney left his plantations with his son Azariah. I have now evaluated various pieces of evidence on Pinney and how he was involved in the slave trade. Though Pinney was not directly involved in the slave trade, Pinney owned plantations which drove on slave labour. Pinney bought slaves and in order to get good work from them he treated them fairly and in return they respected him. He then became a merchant with a pro-slavery activist Tobin who may have encouraged him to purchase slaves, there business was successful but it was mostly West Indian trade which didn't include slavery. The effect on living in Nevis meant the family had a week relationship so he moved to England where he preferred Bristol to London. He and his family became very rich and Mrs. Pinney portrayed their wealth by wearing the latest fashions. Pinney was a perfectionist and his attention to things such as slaves and managers fulfilling their duties properly may be why Pinney became such a successful merchant and plantation owner. Task B Rizwana Khan ...read more.

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