• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Identify the main phases of the history of global and political integration before 1945

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Identify the main phases of the history of global and political integration before 1945 It could be argued that the history of global and political integration began with the various great empires the world has seen such as the Roman empire. However, for the purpose of this essay, the concentration is on the period 1914 - 1945, looking at the main phases of integration from the eve of The First World War (WWI) to the end of The Second World War (WWII). The phases are not necessarily time periods, some are organisations, such as the league of nations, others periods of political or economic unrest, such as the rise of fascism in Europe. On the eve of the WWI the European states system was still dominated by a few great powers, who regarded themselves as the established arbiters of major international questions1. The great European powers and their colonies dominated global economic and political integration. There was extensive trade within the empire states, but there was little trade between empires. This was mainly due to trade barriers and high import charges. The Europeans regarded their colonies as dependent realms of European settlers, and later as overseas extensions of the European grand r(publique2. ...read more.

Middle

The first meeting of the League of Nations Council was on January 16 1920. The League was the first example of a global political organisation which integrated many nations. The League was set up when WWI, The Great War was seen as 'The War to End All Wars'. The League was established as a body to prevent another war of such magnitude as the great war. When President Wilson proposed the establishment of a League of Nations, public opinion cheered him as the man who would forgive a corrupt Continent its past sins and lead Civilisation out of its wasteland5. The US Senate, however, refused the US to join the League. It can be argued that on of the major failings with the League was nations such as the US not being included in negotiations. The League had the right idea, but a combination of poor leadership, poor organisation and key nations such as the US not included produced the League into becoming a failure and eventually failing to prevent WWII. Although the League was a failure it was a predecessor to the United Nations, and provided the UN with some important lessons on how not to be run. ...read more.

Conclusion

The age of European empires pre 1914, where the world was dominated, both politically and economically were in decline towards the beginning of the twentieth century. WWI was the first example of total war which was massively expensive, both in terms of human sacrifice and economically. This single event changed the world like no other single event in history. The first example of International organisations were evident. The inter war period was a role coaster economically, with a boom period and a massive depression and the great slump, however, there were early examples of global economic conferences, which although would not have included every nation, were the beginnings to the state of affairs today. The League of Nations, despite all its failings was the predecessor to all international organisations, such as the UN. The period of 1900 to 1945 changed the world from a European base to a global base. The rebuilding process of post WWII saw the evolution of a global economy with America and USSR becoming engulfed in a cold war, economic centres and growth in the economies in Asian and the growing importance of the middle East in terms of oil production. It was one of the bloodiest and terrible periods in modern history, but it allowed the world to become 'smaller' with global political and economic integration. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics essays

  1. Explain the evolution and characteristics of the debt problems of LDCs. In the light ...

    In 2000, total debt owed was US$59.9 billion but this had grown to US$71.9 billion by 200321. Despite the move towards recognition that many LDCs need debt cancellation rather than simply rescheduling in order to escape debt, HIPC has come in for much criticism, not least that it has not

  2. By the mid nineteenth century, Britain had been the world's strongest economic power for ...

    As more and more of the better and larger coal seams were being worked, it was steadily becoming less accessible to extract, which was clearly an advantage for those countries with greater resources, such as America. This example also serves to reinforce the 'rationality' of the entrepreneur's business decisions.

  1. Where does the World Trade Organisation fit in the overall scheme of international public ...

    The real trade policy revolution, however, has occurred in developing countries and countries in transition. This began in East Asia in the 1960s and Chile in the 1970s, with other countries and regions following only in the 1980s and '90s (first in Latin America, then in Eastern Europe, the ex-Soviet Union, India and parts of Africa).

  2. Colonialism and Colonies.

    Also, some countries occupied colonies in order to protect previous investments. In Egypt, a nationalist uprising in 1882 threatened the ruling Egyptian powers with whom Britain had an informal agreement regarding the Suez Canal, of which the British government had purchased part ownership.

  1. GOld History Timeline

    Great Britain issues its first major gold coin, the Florin, which is followed by the Noble, the Angel, the Crown, and the Guinea. 1511 King Ferdinand of Spain sends explorers to the Western Hemisphere with the command to "get gold."

  2. International economic relations

    incorporated it more consistently with the remainder of his work than was the case with any of the earlier or contemporary writers. He included the influence of exchange-rate fluctuations on commodity trade in the mechanism as an additional equilibrating factor.

  1. International entrepreneurship in Europe

    Regulatory institutions associated with new listings on the country's stock exchange. Per capita GDP explained basic forms of entrepreneurship but, contrary to expectations, the country's unemployment rate associated only with the most advanced form of entrepreneurship. This article more concentrates on the weakness of international entrepreneurship such as unemployment, economic policy.

  2. Emergency Economic Recovery Program From the United Nations International Report, Vol. I, no. A1

    assistance to the handicraft sector, development of small-scale industry, human-resource development, rural development, industrial maintenance, and the establishment of the agro-related metal-working industry. Based on the belief that industrial development should be based on local resources availability, the program assigns high priority on the agro-based and the mineral-based industries.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work