• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Identify the main phases of the history of global and political integration before 1945

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Identify the main phases of the history of global and political integration before 1945 It could be argued that the history of global and political integration began with the various great empires the world has seen such as the Roman empire. However, for the purpose of this essay, the concentration is on the period 1914 - 1945, looking at the main phases of integration from the eve of The First World War (WWI) to the end of The Second World War (WWII). The phases are not necessarily time periods, some are organisations, such as the league of nations, others periods of political or economic unrest, such as the rise of fascism in Europe. On the eve of the WWI the European states system was still dominated by a few great powers, who regarded themselves as the established arbiters of major international questions1. The great European powers and their colonies dominated global economic and political integration. There was extensive trade within the empire states, but there was little trade between empires. This was mainly due to trade barriers and high import charges. The Europeans regarded their colonies as dependent realms of European settlers, and later as overseas extensions of the European grand r(publique2. ...read more.

Middle

The first meeting of the League of Nations Council was on January 16 1920. The League was the first example of a global political organisation which integrated many nations. The League was set up when WWI, The Great War was seen as 'The War to End All Wars'. The League was established as a body to prevent another war of such magnitude as the great war. When President Wilson proposed the establishment of a League of Nations, public opinion cheered him as the man who would forgive a corrupt Continent its past sins and lead Civilisation out of its wasteland5. The US Senate, however, refused the US to join the League. It can be argued that on of the major failings with the League was nations such as the US not being included in negotiations. The League had the right idea, but a combination of poor leadership, poor organisation and key nations such as the US not included produced the League into becoming a failure and eventually failing to prevent WWII. Although the League was a failure it was a predecessor to the United Nations, and provided the UN with some important lessons on how not to be run. ...read more.

Conclusion

The age of European empires pre 1914, where the world was dominated, both politically and economically were in decline towards the beginning of the twentieth century. WWI was the first example of total war which was massively expensive, both in terms of human sacrifice and economically. This single event changed the world like no other single event in history. The first example of International organisations were evident. The inter war period was a role coaster economically, with a boom period and a massive depression and the great slump, however, there were early examples of global economic conferences, which although would not have included every nation, were the beginnings to the state of affairs today. The League of Nations, despite all its failings was the predecessor to all international organisations, such as the UN. The period of 1900 to 1945 changed the world from a European base to a global base. The rebuilding process of post WWII saw the evolution of a global economy with America and USSR becoming engulfed in a cold war, economic centres and growth in the economies in Asian and the growing importance of the middle East in terms of oil production. It was one of the bloodiest and terrible periods in modern history, but it allowed the world to become 'smaller' with global political and economic integration. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics essays

  1. Explain the evolution and characteristics of the debt problems of LDCs. In the light ...

    According to Teunissen and Akkerman (2004), the program has not yet resulted in long-term debt sustainability, nor has it been realistic in terms of growth projections. The prolonged timescale - an initial three years following an adjustment plan while

  2. By the mid nineteenth century, Britain had been the world's strongest economic power for ...

    with their success being limited here and there by peculiar market problems".22 In terms of machine tools, Saul argued that the British industry was second to none, in terms of quality, production and specialisation. An example of this was the firm Langs of Johnstone, who from the 1880s onwards specialised solely on lathes in true American fashion.

  1. International entrepreneurship in Europe

    The author also comments the barriers and opportunities of market entry when an entrepreneur decides to be involved in the international business. This book more concern about U.S. But in Europe countries, the situation is most different. Once the Europe countries joint together as a union, the tariff of import and export is no more the barriers.

  2. Where does the World Trade Organisation fit in the overall scheme of international public ...

    It is integral to the "spirit of industry" and a dynamic, ever-wider commercial society.17 Hence, Adam Smith's "natural liberty", the lifting of artificial restraints upon individual choice and action, is not only of intrinsic value, a "good" in itself;18 it is also the foundation of the "wealth of nations".

  1. Colonialism and Colonies.

    Those who advocated mercantilism believed that exports to foreign countries were preferable both to trade within a country and to imports because exports brought more money into the country. They also believed that the wealth of a nation depended primarily on the possession of gold and silver.

  2. European background to the scramble for Africa (1850 to 1900)

    by the army ventured up the Senegal extending their influence * They also set up a coaling station for their ships at Obok (present-day Djibouti) * In Ethiopia there was trade with the British between firearms and ivory * Britain control over the East grew in the 19th Century surpassing

  1. GOld History Timeline

    Artisans of the period produce intricate gold artifacts and icons. 1100 1100 Venice secures its position as the world's leading gold bullion market due to its location astride the trade routes to the east. 1284 Venice introduces the gold Ducat, which soon becomes the most popular coin in the world, and remains so for more than five centuries.

  2. International economic relations

    In this sense, physiocrats can be considered the pioneers. Supporting that the wealth is the totality of agricultural goods, physiocrats leave money the role of a means of exchange only. In these conditions, the new conception about the international trade appears. Once the wealth derives from agriculture, it is not created by trade, therefore the trade must be based

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work