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Immigration in The U.S.

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Introduction

Xilma Tirado Fernando Magallanes Immigration October 20, 2003 The U.S. - Mexican Border, as we know the border of Mexico and the United States is the most popular, demanding, and problematic in the world. We can define the border as a 960,000-mile-wide strip of land centered on the international boundary line, which stretches from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean. The one side of the nearly 2,000-mile-long border lies the United States with California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas as neighbors. On the other side we have Mexico with Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahuas, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas as neighbors. Both countries share a large diversity of flora and fauna, also what is very important the combination or fusion of cultures between this two countries. The international boundary line was established in the mid-nineteenth century. Where before it had been just a river along which towns had naturally settled, the Rio Grande now became a dividing line; however, we still have does nonriver towns that shear the border line (University ix). To know a little more about this international border we want to go back in time. ...read more.

Middle

Diaz imposed law and order with a focus on promoting the Mexican economy to grow at a greater level. But he needed capital to start his project; here is where the United States tock place. With capital from U.S. investors Porfirio Diaz started building railroads, mining operations, export agriculture, and commercial endeavors throughout the border region. Three major innovations happened in the border while Diaz was at the presidency. First, transportation by railroads revolutionized the relationship between border production and markets. Second, distant markets for border commodities had developed. Silver, copper, salt, lead and other mineral production; lumber; commercial agricultural products such as wheat and cotton; and livestock were all in great demand as both Mexico and U.S economies grew. Third, labor and capital for extractive activities, both of which originated outside the region and created a distinctly dependent border economy, increased in quantity and flexibility. Also the railroad increased the value of the border region's natural resources by connecting them to distant processing plants, distribution centers, and markets. During the final year of the Diaz administration, U.S. citizens owned 17 of 31 major mining companies operating in Mexico, controlling 81 percent of the industry's total capital, and British investors held 14.5 percent (Lorey 35-38). ...read more.

Conclusion

Although U.S. imports have grown under NAFTA, so have U.S. exports. Without NAFTA, the United States would have lost these expanded export opportunities. So we can say that the U.S. depends in some way on Mexico, as well as, Mexico depends on almost 90% on U.S. (Garza 40, 41). Whereas in 1975 Mexican petroleum and Mexico's newfound wealth were the main topics of conversation in the borderlands, today the words heard most often are maquiladoras, free trade and drugs; however, I think that narcos (drug dealers) make more money than investors on free trade. Another suspicion that I have is that the U.S. government knows who the narcos are, but if the U.S. government locks them up this will affect U.S. economy, as well as, Mexico's economy. Another illegal act that takes place in the Mexico-U.S. border is the crossing of o mojados (immigrants). The people that crossed immigrants are known as "polleros" (Casta´┐Żeda 14). Although what they are doing is wrong, we can not blame the polleros for trying to survive in this world; like us they want to have a good life. Personally I feel bad when border patrols killed a person that is trying to give a better life to his /her family. They forget that we are humans that we are equal, and we should not kill each other. ...read more.

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