• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Kjell Goldmann’s Transforming the European Nation-State and Social Internationalisation

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In Kjell Goldmann's Transforming the European Nation-State the three dimensions of internationalization that he defines are problems, societies, and decisions. Goldmann defines the internationalization of problems as the penetration of extra-national forces causing the promulgation of domestic problems. What this means is that problems that nation-states are challenged with, in today's world, are rooted in the seeds of other nation-states, and often not the result of a nation-states own vices. Goldmann refers to environmental problems like emissions from the UK being blown into the Scandinavian region, and the catastrophic results of the Chernobyl nuclear accident as examples of large-scale problems imposed on innocent, by-standing nation-states. He continues by citing the European Environmental Agencies delineation of the Europe's 12 most significant environmental problems, concluding that for the most part, the existence of these problems in certain nations come as a result of others (Goldmann 10). Furthermore, and in line with the terrorist attacks on New York City over one year ago, Goldmann also identifies the already large and growing problem of international crime. ...read more.

Middle

This dimension is characterized by Goldmann by four key elements that contribute to increasingly advanced internationalization: 1. consultation with others before national decisions are made, 2. negotiated agreements, 3. decision-making by intergovernmental organizations, and 4. supranational decision-making (Goldmann 16). He notes that these factors, all or in part, are associated with the decisions that national governments make regarding both domestic and externally directed policies. The interplay of these dimensions is quite simple in theory; that is that all have a relatively logical relationship with one another. The relationship between problems and decisions is characterized by the fact that international problems require international decisions. However, somewhat ironically, the formulation of international decisions can also result in international problems. For example, a nation-state holding a position in an international organization may be subjected to (unwanted) sacrifices associated with the decisions of that organization. The next relationship is between societies and problems; the increasing level of international civil society also increases the level of exposure to problems within the international order. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example, in the Swedish Government's EU Policy Document the need to remedy the global economic situation is a central task (Swedish Government 6). The global economic situation is most certainly not a wholly Swedish problem, but, in part, it is. For this reason, Sweden along with all other EU member countries will endeavor to improve economic conditions in Europe and the world so that respective associated national problems will also be remedied. An example of an exogenous dynamic of internationalization is the security aspect of the Swedish Government document. The goal to improve networks of information and strategy in the fight against organized crime is a truly global undertaking. This statement is reinforced by the European nations' initiatives to unite (together and) with countries from around the world against a common enemy. Due to the high level of global integration within the EU, The Swedish Government's EU Policy Document section pertaining to freedom, security, justice, and battling terrorist activities demonstrates a thoroughly exogenous dynamic of internationalization. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics essays

  1. Is the nation racialised?

    Man needs a way to feel secure. When he can't find security peacefully, then he reacts violently. . The consequences of globalization are contradictory. Even if we now live in multicultural countries, still we have problems of racism. This happens because some of us who like to call their selves "locals" in "their" country, they believe that

  2. "Strategies Applied in Organization in Big Chinese Society"

    According to Williams (2002), that companies should learn how to play the human resources game very seriously. According to Wang (2004), the digitalization of technology and the globalization of the economy, businesses have begun to reorganize in order to enhance their ability to compete.

  1. The Blessings and Challenges of Globalization.

    In contrast to those failed policies, certain countries have managed to dramatically improve their living standards by deregulating their domestic economies and opening up to global markets. The Four Tigers of East Asia--Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, and South Korea--are the most prominent examples.

  2. Emergency Economic Recovery Program From the United Nations International Report, Vol. I, no. A1

    Successful implementation of this program will require dynamic and long-term cooperation between the government and the private sector. The total budget for this portion of the program is $5.0 million. The Private Sector A. Statement of the Problem The private sector, including industry and commerce, small business and microenterprise, has

  1. Infation HSC Notes

    increased volume of money chasing same amount of goods and services ? prices likely to increase? hence increase the inflation rate. Effects of Inflation Economic Growth and Uncertainty * Inflation main constrain on econ. growth. Excessive econ. growth ? raise inflationary pressures, through increase wage demands and strong consumer demand bidding.

  2. Unemployment HSC Notes

    averaged only 2%, which would have been regarded as the full employment rate (the other 2% was due to frictional unemployment) this is referred to as the Golden Age. 1973-74 marked the end of the Golden Age and the onset of a problem known as STAGFLATION - combination of stagnant economic growth and high inflation.

  1. Environmental Economics HSC Notes

    damage rivers and lakes throughout Europe and North America. Similarly emission of greenhouse gases ? affects weather patterns globally. * Depletion of ozone layer ? relates to emission of CFCs ? MONTREAL PROTOCOL signed in 1987 ? phasing out the production of ozone depleting products by 2000.

  2. Where does the World Trade Organisation fit in the overall scheme of international public ...

    Domestic private law has its external complement in international private law and the informal rules, customs and conventions of the lex mercatoria, all of which grease the wheels of international commerce. But the principles of private law also find expression in one specific domain of international public law, namely the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work