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The British State - Sociology-Power and Politics.

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Introduction

The British State Sociology-Power and Politics The state is defined as "a set of social institutions, concerned with passing laws, implementing and administering these laws and providing a legal machinery to enforce compliance with these laws." The state enjoys a monopoly of legitimate force in a given area and most of the time, laws are upheld. The UK State is made up of the diversity of social institutions. I.e. the PM, Cabernet, Civil Service, Judiciary, Parliament, etc. Britain does not have a written constitution unlike other countries. With no written constitution, changes are easier to make. Powers of the government are wide, since no written boundary to power exists. E.g. 1972 the government introduced a bill to increase army power in Northern Ireland. ...read more.

Middle

1/3 of all workforces is state employed. This figure has reduced due to contracting out and privatization. The fourth power being control over land. The state can compulsorily buy land, regulate use of land, change the use of land, and change the value of land. E.g. the M40 The fifth power of the state is through economic policy. The state is a major investor and producer of goods and services. It influences decisions such as inflation, exchange rates, interest rates, unemployment etc. the state is a powerful set of independent institutions. It also plays and international role. I.e. the European Union, the International military fund (IMF). The state is also divided internally into national area's (Scotland and Wales) ...read more.

Conclusion

E.g. Scotland Looking at the implication of Globalisation, a major impact is governments find it hard to regulate and control their own economies. Power can create fragmentation as diverse cultures are brought together, chance of war and conflicts are on the increase. Critics argue the UN is unsuccessful such as in Bosnia. Multi nations are country based and are regulated by governments where as Trans- nationals are 'foot loose' and operate on what best suites them. Because of population diversity, identities of these have been lost but the state still has a key role in terms of democratic legitimacy. Globalisation has created worldwide relations linking areas together, a worldwide interaction as technology is improving all the time, interaction becomes more easier and accessible. Richer countries tend to export more therefore governments cant compete with Trans nationals. The state has changed shape and needs closer liaison with other states such as USA. ...read more.

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