• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"What do sociologists mean by the term 'Globalisation' and how have they tried to explain it?"

Extracts from this document...


"What do sociologists mean by the term 'Globalisation' and how have they tried to explain it?" Many historians and sociologists have identified a transformation in the economic processes of the world and society in recent times. There has been an extensive increase in developments in technology and the economy as a whole in the twentieth century. Globalisation has been recognised as a new age in which the world has developed into what Giddens identifies to be a "single social system" (Anthony Giddens: 1993 'Sociology' pg 528), due to the rise of interdependence of various countries on one another, therefore affecting practically everyone within society. In this essay I will give a detailed explanation of what sociologists mean by the term 'globalisation' and how they have tried to explain it. Globalisation can be construed in many ways. Many sociologists describe it as an era in which national sovereignty is disappearing as a result of a technological revolution, causing space and time to be virtually irrelevant. It is an economic revolution, which Roland Robertson refers to in his book 'Globalisation' 1992 pg 8, as "the compression of the world and the intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole". ...read more.


Malcolm Waters identifies a range of consequences of political globalisation. European institutions are being regarded as more important than the nation state. The decentralisation of authority is causing the power of the state to weaken. Waters argues this has had the following effects on the nation state. It readdresses significant political preferences. "It delegitimises the nation-state as a problem-solver" and it leads to new organisations being set up to which some aspects of state sovereignty are surrendered. (Waters, 'Globalization, 1995, pg. 111) I will now be exploring cultural globalisation. This type of globalisation may be the most influential so far. With more and more people from diverse backgrounds and ethnic origins settling around the world, various cultures and trends are becoming popular. Examples include such as Indian culture being very accepted within Great Britain. Indian cuisines have been set up in nearly every high street. The wearing of the bindis became a fashion accessory especially around the late 1990's. Indian music has also found a place within the United Kingdom, with the latest Bhangra Muffin kicking in and obtaining a significant share of the music market. There are also Chinese, Arabic, Jamaican and many more cultural restaurants and services establishing within the United Kingdom and other countries across the globe. ...read more.


502). Since the 1960s global capitalism has been expanding dramatically, and the economy seems to be metaphorically reflexive as well, which means globalisation is therefore not the same as localisation because it is spreading from the localities the same capitalism. However the local effects produced are different. What globalisation mainly reflects is the growing economic and cultural interdependency of world society. When considering the essay question some sociologists seem to hold negative views regarding globalisation, whereas others have optimistic views. Giddens for example considers globalisation to have the potential to both "empower and unite citizens", but then also the potential to "divide" them (Marsh, 'Making Sense of Society', 2000 pg 487). What we can understand on the whole, is what sociologists mean by the term globalisation is that it is a profound, dynamic process which is affecting the world immensely. It seems from what I have examined so far about globalisation that there may come a time eventually, when a world government comes into existence, where international inequalities will always remain and where social conflict will always be active. This is because the policies that drive the globalisation process are largely focussed on the needs of business. Globalisation is a continuing process which needs to be managed wisely. It is a crucial development which has and always will cause significant social changes within society and the world as a whole. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 Huma Ayub ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Discuss the extent to which globalisation has been beneficial to Africa, China, America or ...

    5 star(s)

    They recovered very strongly until the banking crisis and the credit crunch pushed them back down. Commodity prices suffer from short run inelastic supply and sudden shifts in demand. World demand may pick up but the supply of commodities cannot match this as nothing can be done once crops have

  2. Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye have described international relations as exhibiting 'complex interdependence'. What ...

    meant that America has been able to carry out and increasing amount of international control without increased levels of international co-operation. When this technology was not available America would have required the co-operation of allies by way of intelligence sharing or allowing American forces to use bases on foreign soil.

  1. Where does the World Trade Organisation fit in the overall scheme of international public ...

    in these negotiations will be a formula approach to tariff harmonisation akin to the "Swiss formula" followed during the Tokyo Round. This would entail higher cuts in tariff peaks and tariffs on processed goods. Request-offer negotiations, uniform tariff cuts, "zero-for-zero" cuts and the like, on their own, would not tackle

  2. A2 Macroeconomics - Globalisation Essay

    Trading in 'cash crops' and similar primary goods, much economic activity in these nations is still domestic, with many farmers, notably, practicing subsistence farming to the point they have little to no involvement in the cash economy. Evaluate the view that, although globalisation has brought benefits to the UK economy, it has not been without significant costs.

  1. Will trading fairly reduce world poverty?

    These are some of many critics of aids. There are also websites which promotes Trade and criticises aid. These sites also explain the problems with aid schemes. The part of aid which people dislike is when money is wasted on projects that are poorly researched and are not delivered to the expectations that have been given.

  2. Corruption and Globalisation - Both of them have been so pervasive in recent years. ...

    they may only focus on maximization of their profit alone in the short term, but the result may be that they find themselves are the center of media investigation report, or government inspection, even involved by certain international organisations as a result of conducting some of the unethical business practices, corruption could be the most common one.

  1. To what extent has globalisation created a 'borderless world'?

    Subsequent to the attacks on September 11, economists argue that the forces of globalisation, which once seemed unstoppable, are facing new resistance. Fears over security might raise the costs of international trade and persuade more businesses to 'stay at home'.

  2. How the process of Globalisation might have affected the position of labour in industrialized ...

    But increased productivity leads to higher wages. This is confirmed by Figure1 below. The figure shows a strong tendency for the average wage to be higher in countries with higher average labour productivity (relative to the United States). Figure 1 Average Labour Productivity and Average Wage in Manufacturing, 1995 14 !Debate!

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work