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What factors have led to the growth of anti-globalisation movements in recent years? Illustrate your discussion with at least two examples drawn from anti-globalisation movements.

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Introduction

WHAT FACTORS HAVE LED TO THE GROWTH OF ANTI-GLOBALISATION MOVEMENTS IN RECENT YEARS? ILLUSTRATE YOUR DISCUSSION WITH ATLEAST TWO EXAMPLES DRAWN FROM ANTI-GLOBALISATION MOVEMENTS. Globalisation - "a process in which geographic distance becomes a factor of diminishing importance in the establishment and maintenance of cross border economic, political and socio-cultural relations"1, is a key theme discussed throughout the world at present. It conveys "the process of trans-border enmeshment from which modern-day world society has resulted. That society is, equally, the ambivalent product of the `capitalization' of the earth, which began some 500 years ago, is still not complete, and has produced a wealth of cultural flotsam-fragments of modernity."2 The process of globalisation involves numerous interlinking processes encompassing "increasing transnational movement of capital, goods, and people; closer ties via new communications technologies; a more complex international division of labour as a result of the dispersal of the production of goods and services to a number of different locations; a rapid turnover of ideas, of images, and of patterns and objects of consumption; a growing awareness of risks and dangers that threaten the world as a whole; a quantitative increase in, and growth in importance of, transnational institutions and globally interlinked political movements."3 Naomi Klein4 sees globalisation as a 'buzzword' for the nineties society in which the capitalist society is continually developing, leaving those that cannot partake in the positive aspects of globalisation to suffer the consequences of globalisation's negative aspects. ...read more.

Middle

Another issue of prime importance is their fight for the environment. Anti-globalists see the pollution incurred by many companies and disagree with the harmful behaviour of the firms. Thus they protest against this alongside groups such as Greenpeace for stricter laws and for companies to be more environmentally friendly. A well known, predominantly peaceful protest group that protests against globalisation is Attac. Upon examining their website, a slogan is shown on the homepage in the centre, "The World is not for Sale". Immediately upon entering the site, this slogan shows the views of Attac; they are against the increased commercialisation of the world and the increased gearing towards financial gain and consumerism. Attac have been a strong force in the quest to overcome globalisation. They have had such power as to make the World Bank and IMS acknowledge them and take their views into consideration. Attac have made them clear that they are against globalisation and that it only benefits the capitalist countries whilst third world countries have to suffer.10 "The distance between the incomes of the richest and poorest country" which was about "3:1 in 1820, 35:1 in 1950, 44:1 in 1973 and 72:1 in 1992"11 shows evidence of this suffrage. Globalisation is creating an increasing gap between elite countries such as the United States of America and third old countries such as Indonesia. ...read more.

Conclusion

environment, anti-globalisation movements are gaining strength and hence, are increasingly able to influence the minds of those in society to change their perspective on globalisation. More people are becoming aware that globalisation is a key issue that must be tackled; it has both positive and negative effects that must be considered. With increased publicity and anti-globalisation movements becoming more well known, more and more consumers now have knowledge on anti-globalisation that can result in a striking change in goods purchased This would undoubtedly affect the economy - the 'global economy'. Anti-globalisation movements have grown in recent years although they suffered a dramatic decline not long ago they are becoming a larger and more formidable force that needs to be considered by consumers, markets and the world. The methods they employ to project their view of globalisation having a negative impact on the world are increasingly gearing towards non-violent protest. The fact that anti-globalisation movements are on the increase is spurned by many factors, of which the most important is that consumers are more aware these days and are able to acquire knowledge more easily, this means they are self - consciously making their own decisions as to their view on globalisation and its positive and negative aspects. Greater and greater numbers of consumers are as a consequence choosing to opt for choosing to oppose globalisation and instead follow the ever - increasing in size, anti-globalisation movements. ...read more.

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