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What were the positive and negative effects of imperialism?

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What were the positive and negative effects of imperialism? There is no one definition of the term imperialism. The term is actually derived from empire, from the Latin, imperium (rule/authority) and as according to various reliable sources; it can be seen as the imposition (usually by force) of the rule of one state or country over another. It is the activity of empire building. Other biased sources define imperialism as the gaining, governing, and exploitation of an area of land and its resources for the benefit of the power that controls it. Imperialism does not necessary mean colonialism. More broadly, imperialism refers to the control or influence that is exercised either formally or informally, directly or indirectly, politically or economically. Because imperialism consists of such a broad meaning, its positive and negative aspects can be argued in many ways. By at least having partial control over a land, one can benefit themselves economically, politically, and ideologically. ...read more.


This is a big advantage for the imperial owners. However, the established empires had either reached, or had passed the height of their powers. They required an expensive infrastructure to sustain them. Most of the people in the colonies were too poor to be able to afford the goods manufactured from the raw materials they have provided. As the century progressed, indigenous peoples increasingly challenged this control and exploitation of their lives and territory. Imperialism can alos benefit the imperial owners in political ways. Imperial countries are motivated to expand primarily by the desire for power, prestige, security, and diplomatic advantages etc. Similarly, the expansion of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics into Eastern Europe after 1945 can be understood in terms of security needs, specifically the need to protect the nation from another invasion across its western border. But these can also benefit the colonized country. ...read more.


Because imperialism is so often viewed as economically motivated, discussions of its effects also tend to revolve around economic issues. Disagreement arises between those who believe that imperialism implies exploitation and is responsible for the underdevelopment and economic declination of the poor nations, and those who argue that although the rich nations benefit from imperialism, the poor nations also benefit, at least in the long run. The truth has been difficult to ascertain for at least two reasons: (1) no compromise has been reached on the meaning of exploitation, (2) it is frequently difficult to separate the domestic causes of poverty from those that are possibly international. What is apparent is that the impact of imperialism is uneven: some poor nations have enjoyed greater economic benefits from contact with the rich than have others. India, Brazil, and other developing nations have even begun to compete economically with their former colonial powers. Thus, it is sensible to examine the economic impact of imperialism on a case-by-case basis. Tulip Das Yr 11 ...read more.

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