• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the positive and negative effects of imperialism?

Extracts from this document...


What were the positive and negative effects of imperialism? There is no one definition of the term imperialism. The term is actually derived from empire, from the Latin, imperium (rule/authority) and as according to various reliable sources; it can be seen as the imposition (usually by force) of the rule of one state or country over another. It is the activity of empire building. Other biased sources define imperialism as the gaining, governing, and exploitation of an area of land and its resources for the benefit of the power that controls it. Imperialism does not necessary mean colonialism. More broadly, imperialism refers to the control or influence that is exercised either formally or informally, directly or indirectly, politically or economically. Because imperialism consists of such a broad meaning, its positive and negative aspects can be argued in many ways. By at least having partial control over a land, one can benefit themselves economically, politically, and ideologically. ...read more.


This is a big advantage for the imperial owners. However, the established empires had either reached, or had passed the height of their powers. They required an expensive infrastructure to sustain them. Most of the people in the colonies were too poor to be able to afford the goods manufactured from the raw materials they have provided. As the century progressed, indigenous peoples increasingly challenged this control and exploitation of their lives and territory. Imperialism can alos benefit the imperial owners in political ways. Imperial countries are motivated to expand primarily by the desire for power, prestige, security, and diplomatic advantages etc. Similarly, the expansion of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics into Eastern Europe after 1945 can be understood in terms of security needs, specifically the need to protect the nation from another invasion across its western border. But these can also benefit the colonized country. ...read more.


Because imperialism is so often viewed as economically motivated, discussions of its effects also tend to revolve around economic issues. Disagreement arises between those who believe that imperialism implies exploitation and is responsible for the underdevelopment and economic declination of the poor nations, and those who argue that although the rich nations benefit from imperialism, the poor nations also benefit, at least in the long run. The truth has been difficult to ascertain for at least two reasons: (1) no compromise has been reached on the meaning of exploitation, (2) it is frequently difficult to separate the domestic causes of poverty from those that are possibly international. What is apparent is that the impact of imperialism is uneven: some poor nations have enjoyed greater economic benefits from contact with the rich than have others. India, Brazil, and other developing nations have even begun to compete economically with their former colonial powers. Thus, it is sensible to examine the economic impact of imperialism on a case-by-case basis. Tulip Das Yr 11 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics essays

  1. The positive and negative effects of Globalization

    The introduction of MNC's has also led to the multiplier effect whereby further indirect positive effects are caused by the establishment of a company, for example social benefits. Globalization and the increase in MNC's have accelerated the flows of investment into areas which are lacking in development.

  2. Was late Victorian Imperialism purely economic in character?

    Externally, with turning away from free trade by Britain's rivals, competition from the new industrialized nations, the rise of capitalism in the wider world leads to competition for markets and trade. The informal colonies that we had previously mitigated control over, could no longer be informally controlled as competition from foreign markets was swaying them.

  1. Globalisation of GAP

    The lack of profits and growth in the European markets is highlighted in the quote below. "Gap International store sales were negatively impacted by weak product acceptance in Europe. Our total store sales increase was due to the 130 new store openings, a majority of which occurred during the second half of the year."

  2. Does economic rivalry provide a sufficient explanation of British Imperial Expansion after 1880?

    British history stresses on the need to secure and protect the empire. The threat, which he talks about, so passionately can be seen and probably, is from Europe, especially Russia, France and Germany. Within the 1870's to 80's imperial expansion was also seen by some British figures like James Froude

  1. The Imperial Impulse of Capitalist Greed - THE BELGIAN CONGO

    Belgium's imperialistic nature was embroidered in the country's past, as a direct result of decades of competitive, protectionist politics and the historical co-existence of economic interests and political aims. Belgian imperialism in the Congo was, as Lenin argues, "a direct continuation of the fundamental properties of capitalism in general" (Lenin, V, 1916).

  2. Emergency Economic Recovery Program From the United Nations International Report, Vol. I, no. A1

    assistance to the handicraft sector, development of small-scale industry, human-resource development, rural development, industrial maintenance, and the establishment of the agro-related metal-working industry. Based on the belief that industrial development should be based on local resources availability, the program assigns high priority on the agro-based and the mineral-based industries.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work