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What were the principles and objectives of British Foreign policy 1792 - 1841?

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What were the principles and objectives of British Foreign policy 1792 - 1841? There were five basic principles behind British foreign policy 1792 - 1841; they were naval power and supremacy. The trading interests for Britain and the economic position of Britain. Thirdly the balance of power and maintaining the peace in Europe, making sure that peace and stability were kept in Europe. The Atlantic Slave trade was also a major principle for the foreign secretaries. Lastly was the question of Liberty and moral issues. These formed the backbone for the policies of British foreign secretaries during the time of 1792 to 1841. However there was one principle that is not stated which all other policies were a part of, that was the security of Britain. This was the up most priority of any foreign secretary. We can see this through the policies and these policies remained the mainly the same for all the secretaries, even up to today. In the middle of the 19th century Britannia did rule the waves and Britain's naval supremacy was unchallenged, this allowed other policies to be carried out, such as the slave trade, however the navy had duties of it's own and it was vital to Britain's security and progress. Castlereagh used the navy several times in the Napoleonic wars as part of a defensive but also aggressive force. ...read more.


Canning who openly stated that Britain wanted and was trading with Latin America followed this on; this was the outcome after an incident with America over who was to get the trade. Which resulted in the Monroe Doctrine. Canning, who had not felt the same about peaceful relations with America had to persuade Latin America to trade and so secured Britain's trade with other countries than in Europe. Britain abolished the slave trade in 1807, and was keen to see that all slave trade would be stopped, the Atlantic Slave trade became a focus for policy to stop this trade, it was felt that it was immoral and wrong to have slaves and in order to stop slavery firstly the slave trade must be stopped. In order to achieve this the navy was used and the superiority was taken advantage of, all British naval ships had the power to stop and search and ship crossing the Atlantic in order to stop the trade of slaves. This was first implemented by Castlereagh but followed on r. There was much objection from countries that still relied on slaves such as Spain and France. However this policy was carried on and remained in order to stop the trade. The balance of power was an especially important principle for Britain, during Castlereagh's era, France had always been the main threat and at the treaty of Vienna he was careful not to give France too much power back and to try and restrict them. ...read more.


In the Greek independence, although Britain partly supported the Greek cause it could not fully support it, as it would eventually mean a change in the balance of power and Russia would be allowed to expand and Turkey would collapse. Britain did indirectly help Italian unification later on; again this was helping a constitutional country. Throughout all the main principles we can see that several are linked together and often follow the same principle. The navy is essential to Britain's success and being able to carry many policies out. The balance of power was essential for stability and trade, while at the same time Britain was starting trade with other countries. Peace seemed a large concern for Britain and liberty. However most importantly of these factors and one that all other policies were based on was the idea of British security. That was the main point for a foreign secretary to make sure that Britain maintained it position and remained strong. It was essential that Britain should not be threatened, thus the intervention in Portugal. We could say that if security had not been the main principle then many of the polices would have been different and the shape of history would have changed. Yet the job of a foreign secretary was to preserve Britain's interests and security. Therefore all policies must be based around that idea. Silas Bingley ...read more.

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