• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

While for many products Australia's isolation has made accessing international markets difficult - However for our rural industry , it has also brought some benefits.

Extracts from this document...


Background While for many products Australia's isolation has made accessing international markets difficult. However for our rural industry , it has also brought some benefits. The natural barriers of the sea, and the fact that no cloven-footed animals were present prior to European settlement, have kept Australia free from most major livestock diseases. This has allowed Australia to remain free of the major diseases that afflict the livestock of many countries (ie, BSE). This offers enormous benefits to Australia's primary producers, both in terms of reduced production costs and also ability to export. Australia's excellent health status means that compared with most other countries, the export of livestock is relatively straightforward. Australian Sheep Livestock Export Australia is the largest sheep livestock exporting country in the world, exporting annually around 6.1 million sheep. Current value of these exports stands at AUS $414million. The majority of Live Sheep (98%) travel to over 11 Middle East and North African countries. International marketing efforts from the Australian Meat & Livestock industry has resulted in strong growth within these foreign markets, in particular the Middle East. Providing a vital source of meat in accordance with consumer specifications and local conditions. Industry Issues As mentioned above the success of Australia's live sheep export over recent years has been as a result of increasingly focusing on the global market. However with this success, Australia has become more reliant on international trade. ...read more.


MLA has established overseas offices maintaining personnel whose prime role includes; * A acquire an understanding at a local level political, social and cultural conditions. * Understanding industry structure and processes. * Lobby government for policy change in regards to tariffs/quotas. * Eokfjo[ifjo[ijoi[j * 'oidj[oijv[oivh[oihcvio[ * 'oij[oidj[0oijh[oi[oidf[io Office locations are as follows: Region Office Americas Washington Europe Germany Korea Seoul Japan Tokyo Middle East and Africa Bahrain Asia Singapore Malaysia Indonesia Philippines Hong Kong Taiwan Background to the Cormo Express Incident The Cormo Express left Australia on 6 August for Saudi Arabia with a consignment of 57,937 sheep owned by a Saudi Arabian livestock export company, Hmood Alali Alkhalaf Trading Company. When the vessel arrived at Jeddah on 21 August, a Saudi Arabian Ministry of Agriculture veterinarian (was not the normal veterinarian team, confidential source) rejected the shipment asserting that 6 per cent of the sheep had a minor condition called scabby mouth. This was above the 5 per cent acceptance level for scabby mouth in the live sheep trade to Saudi Arabia. However, the sheep had been vaccinated before leaving Australia and the Australian veterinarian on board the vessel estimated the incidence of scabby mouth to be only 0.35 per cent. A subsequent independent veterinary assessment by the Middle East regional representative of the Office International des Epizooties (OIE), the world organisation for animal health, also found no evidence that a significant outbreak of scabby mouth had occurred aboard the vessel. ...read more.


On arrival in Eritrea, they were supervised by the Director of Veterinary Services for Eritrea and his staff. The Australian team discussed the needs of the sheep with Eritrean officials. Future of Live Sheep Exports Despite this incident, the trade in livestock exports remains strong. It generates about $1 billion a year in export earnings and directly employs about 9000 people, mostly in regional and rural areas of Australia. As noted above, Australia exports to a number of major Middle Eastern countries. It is still unclear the long term impact over this incident. The export ban to Sudia Arabia remains in place. Government Inquiry Australia's livestock export industry is worth $1 billion a year, such incidents represent a substantial threat to industry trade performance. The Government has commissioned an independent inquiry, to be chaired by Dr John Keniry, into this incident and wider aspects of the livestock export industry. The objective of the inquiry is to review current systems in place to protect the industry and to ensure there is no repetition of events such as the Saudi rejection. It will also consider the types of livestock suitable for export; the supervisory arrangements for voyages (including reporting on the condition of the livestock) and contributing factors to the Cormo Express situation. The inquiry will report by the end of December 2003 and will examine the adequacy of present arrangements, such as welfare model codes of practice and current regulatory arrangements for the live export industry. Note:Dr Keniry is the chairman of Ridley Corporation Ltd and a former head of the Australian Chamber of Commerce. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics essays

  1. Flower Industry in Netherlands

    The cut flower industry has been one of the leading industries in Netherlands for over hundreds of years. Traced back to 1634-1637, the Dutch tulip mania always appears as the most-quoted case of speculative excess, even becoming a jargon for a speculative mania.

  2. European background to the scramble for Africa (1850 to 1900)

    the current conditions, Leopold's agents begin to pay chiefs to supply " volunteer" workers. Slaves are also taken from Arab traders. * Resistance to Leopold's rule is increasing, but it keeps being crushed from the Force Publique. * The Force Publique reaches its peak, having about 19000 Africans and 420 leading Europeans member.

  1. Where does the World Trade Organisation fit in the overall scheme of international public ...

    What is needed, therefore, is a trade-off between the gains from globalisation, on the one hand, and domestic social stability (within developed countries), on the other. This leads Rodrik to advocate a "social safeguard clause" in the WTO, which would sanction restrictions on imports if they threatened prevailing domestic norms,

  2. What as the impact of China's re-engagement with the international community been on its ...

    Due to its distinctive ecosystem, repository of vital natural resources, and maritime superhighway in the world economy, many islands in the South China Sea have been claimed by many countries ;for example, China, Taiwan, Vietnam , the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei6.

  1. Free essay

    does uk housing market warrant government intervention

    the wages paid by these particular roles are sufficient to support the costs of living in the south east. if firms are operating below their maximum output this is likely to have an adverse effect on economic growth with the country operating inside its production possibility frontier.

  2. comparative HR Management

    did not arrange frank boorishness of the new owners or even threats to their safety, made this manufacture initially noncompetitive; but if they made the same, not wishing to change style and methods of the former management in view of new realities, on their place quickly enough there were businessmen and managers from other countries and so on .


    Some of these conditions are not easy to quantify but they played very subtle riles in the attainment of very rapid technology transfer. It should be recalled that Japan's social system and value system had been transformed in the process of the restoration.

  2. The Benefits of Trade

    (Smith in Skousen, 2001) Evidence to support claim First individuals pursuing their own interests under conditions of competition would be self regulating and more prosperous (Skousen 2001); second liberty would be more profound among individuals; and thirdly self-interest is not 'myopic selfishness' (Friedman p27), self interest refers to individual goals, pursuits and values.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work