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With Reference to Specific Examples or Case Study, Asses the Effectiveness of International Aid in the Development Process

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Introduction

"With Reference to Specific Examples or Case Study, Asses the Effectiveness of International Aid in the Development Process" If an individual was having trouble in some way, wouldn't one's natural instinct be to help him or her out? This does not merely apply to persons, but also on a larger basis. All over the world, countries are suffering from many problems. The majority of these sufferers are ELDCs (Economically Less Developed Countries). Whether their crises may involve starvation or refugees, these nations struggle for an economical or social stability. Despite vigorous attempts to try and raise their development status, the process is very slow and grueling, and in result, they hope for help from countries that can afford it (i.e. EMDCs: Economically More Developed Countries). Thus, the practice of giving "a helping hand for poor countries from rich countries" is known as International Aid. At a glance, International Aid seems like a simple procedure in which the "kind-hearted, generous rich country donates to the vagabond-like poor country". In which the rich country is "the good guy". Although this statement may contain some truth, the story isn't as effortless. There are several issues that arise upon this plain act, and this makes International Aid not necessarily a good entity. ...read more.

Middle

The aid provided instant relief and maintained a hunger-free record for quite a while after. Since 1996, the FAO has strived to arrange a seed production and maintenance network in Bosnia. Sponsored by the UNDP (United Nation's Development Program), the organization aims to increase the local production of high-quality commercial seed. Only good can come of this, wouldn't one say? However, to every cloud there's not only a silver lining, but a thick grey one too. The refugee situation in Tanzania, or anywhere for that matter, is not ideal, though; in order for the refugees to make sufficient amount of food, the government must give them more land. However, this is what the government is afraid to do, in case refugees find lifestyle so comfortable that they end up living there permanently. Although many benefits come with food aid in general, certain conflict arises and instead of a necessary rise in economy, a standstill or decline forms. The advantages of financial aid are very similar to food aid. Obviously it helps countries greatly to 'get back up on their two feet' when they're in trouble. This relief can be for any type of problem, since it is said that 'money makes the world go round'. Financial aid can also cause problems though; unlike food aid, financial aid problems do not depend on the helpers, but the countries themselves and how they wish to spend the money. ...read more.

Conclusion

One of their big focuses at present is to have more trade, especially with the developed countries, instead of just receiving aid (the overall short term solution). Trade is also a better option for ELDCs because the investments received from this are very beneficial. This is because it is seen as an injection into the economy, in which the "illness" begins to fade away as "health" improves. Trading between internationals also brings new products into the market. From a rich country to a poor, the products that are sold bring up the poor country's technology benchmark by a notch, and thus follows an eventual rise of the standard of living. From these facts and arguments laid out, would one say that International Aid is effective? There are many advantages and disadvantages to the subject, and the issue is rather disputed all over. A World Bank Analysis of 56 internationally aided countries recorded that those with "good policies" (low inflation, a budget surplus and an open-mindedness towards trade) and "good institutions" (little corruption, a good determination of law, and good governmental rule) found International aid extremely advantageous. Therefore, it can safely be proclaimed that countries with genuine commitment to economic administration and go "by the book" will find aid an effective element. Despite this, however, trade will always be more constructive towards an economy than aid, whether it is in Africa or not. ...read more.

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