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1984 and Brave New World by George Orwell and Aldous Huxley are two novels which explore hypothetical, futuristic worlds controlled by totalitarian governments.

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Introduction

Dissertation ?1984? and ?Brave New World? by George Orwell and Aldous Huxley are two novels which explore hypothetical, futuristic worlds controlled by totalitarian governments. In this dissertation we will look at how the two writers create these alternate worlds. 1984 evaluates a communist society with particular concern to the role of technology allowing an oppressive government to monitor and control the citizens. Orwell portrays the results of a government with absolute power. In this novel, the government monitors and controls every aspect of life, even to the extreme extent of monitoring thoughts. The protagonist, Winston Smith, refutes the government?s power along with his lover, Julie, and together they set out to destroy the Party with the aid of the secret, and quite possibly fictional, ?Brotherhood.? Brave New World conveys a world where human individuality is evaporated through science and technology. Humans are no longer born but manufactured and split into five social ranks and are controlled through soma tablets which take them on mental vacations to escape the stresses of life. ...read more.

Middle

It was safer, though, as he well knew, even a back can be revealing.? Another way the telescreens are used to exert influence on the people is to post its slogans, ?WAR IS PEACE, FREEDOM IS SLAVERY, IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH.? The Party also thwarts family structure by introducing children into an organisation called the ?Junior Spies.? This institution brainwashes the children and encourages them to spy on their parents and report any disloyalty to the Party. This is to prevent independent thought from a young age. Another form of the Party?s manipulation is to suppress sexual desires by treating sex as a procreative obligation which results in the creation of new Party members, then the Party builds up and transforms people?s emotions into hatred for the Party?s political enemies; most of which have been created by the Party for this purpose. Not only does the Party manipulate people, it also controls its subjects? bodies. ...read more.

Conclusion

In Brave New World, the state gains control by making its subjects feel like they?re living in a perfect world, where they?re perpetually happy. This is achieved through the creation of soma tablets. The people in Brave New World struggle to face reality and do what they can to avoid the truth and reality of their situations. Soma tablets allow people to obscure reality with false hallucinations of happy and care-free images, wiping away depression and making it a popular tool. Another controlling technique is hypnopaedia. Infants are ?conditioned? into their social castes, as the Director tells a group of new students ?we also predestine and condition. We decant our babies as socialised human beings, as Alphas or Epsilons, as future sewage workers or future Directors of Hatcheries.? The director calls this brainwashing procedure conditioning. He demonstrates the use of negative reinforcement as he shows the students an instant in which Delta infants are electrically shocked while gazing at flowers and other pretty picture books. The aim is to adapt their associations with these peaceful, charming images with pain and terror. ...read more.

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