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The tragic theories of Hegal and Girard are more useful in interpreting Othello than those of Nietzsche. Discuss.

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Introduction

"The tragic theories of Hegal and Girard are more useful in interpreting Othello than those of Nietzsche." Discuss. When focusing on Othello, there are numerous philosophers with different with different view points on the tragedy behind Othello. Three more celebrated philosophical thinkers are Hegel, Nietzsche and Girard. When the principles of a Hegelian tragedy are applied to Othello, there needs to be a society in conflict, as well social forces which destroy each other. Throughout the first act of the play, Venice is at war with turkey; Othello is a general and plays a key role in the war. Eventually the venetians beat the Turks and Othello, Desdemona and the rest of the key characters go to stay in Cyprus. The first social conflict to mention is black versus white. White people are seen to be generally higher up in society and black people lower down. It is clear that some of the white venetians strongly believe this statement should be the way forward for Venice and consequently they very raciest. This point is backed up firstly by Iago's hatred of Othello as being partly racially motivated is emphasised especially in his description of Othello as 'his Moorship' which implies that Iago sees Othello's high status as incompatible with his race. ...read more.

Middle

These wise words imply that there is no need for weapons as Brabantios age and status inspire more respect than weapons do. However Iago never stops trying to cause the chaos and as Othello sinks deeper into distrust of Desdemona and is more consumed by his jealousy, chaos increases and threatens to devour him. His suspicion of Desdemona's affair overpowers him and makes him mentally chaotic, leaving him in deep despair. Girard, on the other hand, believes instead that a tragedy is made up of a violent society in need of a sacrificial victim to purge the society and cleanse it. When Girard's theory is applied to Othello, in order for the sacrifice to restore order they already must be both hated and admired. One could argue that both Othello and Desdemona are sacrificial victims in the end of the play. First of all we have Othello; he was definitely very much hated by both Iago and Rodrigo, Iago says in Act One; "I hate the Moor". Iago hates Othello because Othello promoted Cassio over Iago to be his leftenant even though Iago has more field experience. Othello is also admired my many and especially by Desdemona; "the heavens forbid But that our loves and comforts should increase even as our days do grow". ...read more.

Conclusion

Othello's language becomes so violent and angry; "Blood blood blood!" Blood gives us imagery of violence and betrayal, like someone being stabbed because they have betrayed someone. In this instance it could be because Othello thinks Desdemona has betrayed him. He could be crying it out because he wants to either stab Desdemona or Cassio because of what they have done, or because he feels like he has been stabbed in the back and he is thinking about his own blood. Thinking about his own blood would resemble his pain and pain is an aspect of Will. In conclusion, it could be argued that the principles behind Hegel and Girard's ideas are more accurate when applied to Othello, because a lot of their values match what happens in the play. A great deal of Nietzsche's beliefs do not imitate the events of Othello, particularly the ending because Othello turns back to being a representative rather than following the idea of will. Othello speaks in prose just before he kills himself; "of one not easily jealous, but being wrought", the word wrought symbolises that he was battered and changed by Iago and following will was him not being himself. By speaking in prose this implies that he has gone back to his old self who always used to speak in prose and always used to act in a representative manner. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jessica lachlan ...read more.

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