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A Liar is a Liar is a Liar.

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Introduction

A Liar is a Liar is a Liar In Catcher in the Rye (J.D. Salinger) and The Count of Monte Cristo (Alexander Dumas), the main characters both use deception to achieve their goals. Both main characters have different motives behind their actions and convey their lies in different ways. Regardless of the difference in characters, their primary reason for deception is that they despise society. While reading the two novels, it can be seen that Holden lies to himself to achieve his goals while Dant�s lies to others to achieve his goals. The favourite, catch-all phrase of Holden, the main character of Catcher in the Rye, is phoniness. He uses this to describe the superficiality, hypocrisy, pretension, and shallowness that he encounters in the world around him. He holds a greater amount of hatred towards people who believe themselves to be better than others. Phoniness, for Holden, stands as a symbol of everything that is wrong in the world around him and provides an excuse for him to withdraw in cynical isolation. His concept of phoniness largely relies on self-deception. Self-deception allows Holden to blame the rest of the world for all of his problems. There are many examples in the novel that show how frequently he convinces himself of the shortcomings of others in order to defend himself. ...read more.

Middle

God, I hate that... They sound so phony when they talk." (Salinger 100) He uses all of these explanations to fool himself into thinking that he has no flaws. He makes himself think that the phoniness everybody exhibits is the cause of all his hardships. This can be seen because all along, he complains about the phoniness of others, while he is acting similarly to those who he has voiced his hatred for throughout the novel. In contrast with Holden, Edmond Dant�s, the main character of The Count of Monte Cristo, lies to others to achieve his goals. The concept of this novel, was that a man betrayed by those he thought of as friends, comes back to repay old debts and seek vengeance on those who had deceived him. In order to take his revenge, Edmond Dant�s deceives his former friends using disguises and alternate identities. The lies he tells aren't his revenge but the consequences of those lies affect those who hurt him in the first place. The deceptions also allow him to repay his debts anonymously, and to receive information about his past without raising any suspicion of his true identity and purposes. There are many examples in this novel showing that the lies Edmond tells have a large impact on the characters he interacts with. ...read more.

Conclusion

He spends a lengthy period of time planning his revenge upon these people and in the end, realizes that he has gone too far. He realizes that he has gone beyond the limits of rightful vengeance and that he can no longer say that he is working in accordance with God. The main method of deception used by Edmond was his use of disguises. He had disguises for all occasions and used them to remain anonymous in his good and evil deeds. After all is said and done, both characters realize the errors in their way. Holden realizes that running away from his problems is counter-productive while Edmond realizes that he has gone beyond what he has set out to do. Both characters are extreme liars with only one variation; Holden was lying to himself in order to be happy while Edmond was lying to others to get revenge on the friends who had betrayed him. There are lessons to be learned from the approaches of both characters which can basically be summed up by saying that lying doesn't pay in the end; Holden's lies only served to confuse him further, not making him happier in the least while Edmond's lies hurt those who he wanted to hurt, but affected the people who loved them. On the other hand, what good would it have done either of them to tell the truth the whole time? Soulliere 5 ...read more.

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