• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13

A national hero, or a divisive force for Wales? Which is the more appropriate description of Owain Glyndwr?

Extracts from this document...


344885 2599 A national hero, or a divisive force for Wales? Which is the more appropriate description of Owain Glyndwr? In 1400, after more than a century of English rule in Wales, one man gathered an army of men and led a revolt against the English crown, in what was to be the last ever Welsh rebellion. The man's name was Owain Glyndwr, who, in a recent poll presenting the greatest welsh heroes, was respectably voted second out of a hundred, despite the fact that his campaign failed to succeed.1 Understandably, however, it is not as straightforward as to jump to the same conclusion that Glyndwr was looked upon as a hero in the early fifteenth century as the campaign lasted for nine years, all of which led to physical, economic and emotional destruction throughout the whole of Wales, not to mention dire consequences towards Wales, conflicted on by the English crown in the aftermath of rebellion. Nevertheless, once one understands the background of the saga of the Owain Glyndwr rebellion, the way the Welsh lived hundreds of years before the rebellion and how it changed after the English conquered the nation under the rule of Edward I, it is of reasonable notion to jump to the conclusion that Owain Glyndwr was just the hero the Welsh people needed, had been waiting for even. Although Glyndwr did not overly succeed in his battle he still achieved major successes in aspects such as military victories and acknowledgment by foreign powers. If succeeding in standing up for his nation, Owain Glyndwr, can most certainly be named a hero. This essay hopes to burrow deep into the minds of the welsh population of GlynDwr's age and establish that the mentality of the welsh was one of self importance and pride. ...read more.


10If this is the case, then medieval Wales fit's a description of one of these cultures splendidly. Observations mentioned by Gerald of Wales leads one to discover that the Welsh were a nation that held a strong sense of national pride, so in that respect the first group fits the bill. If being conquered was not enough, there are many reasons as to why the people of Wales fitted into the category of Henken's second group; a nation that believed to be being oppressed by another group. It was not just the fact that Laws and taxes were being applied differently depending on you nationality in Wales. There were many different ways of life being introduced to Wales that contradicted welsh origin, thus oppressing their underlying society. Pre Anglo French conquest, Gerald of Wales describes the welsh as a nation that "Pay no attention to commerce, shipping or industry...do not live deep within towns, villages or castles, but leads a solitary existence, deep in the woods."11 The most vital conclusion one can conclude from this 6. statement is that in the 12th century welsh society was almost certainly less stratified than neighbouring England, and that the Welsh were a Nation dedicated to its freedom. If you compare Gerald's description of the welsh to a century later after Edward I Conquest you will begin to notice a completely different Wales. One that consisted of settler towns, that encouraged English immigration and one that contained a number of deeply intimidating, huge, well built castles surrounded by boroughs to be used by English tradesmen.12 All in all the Wales Glyndwr had been born into was a society that consisted of Henken's theory; of a culture that was in need of a national redeemer. ...read more.


certainly wanted.22 Wales was a nation that fought for pride and stood scorned by England, a nation that fought for power. So when Owain Glyndwr, came to fight cause for Wales, the nation took to the idea, like it was one that expected, and indeed it was. The theory of a national redeemer seems no more apparent than in the tale of Owain Glyndwr and with his disappearance, after being defeated by the English, the myth tradition lived on with theories that he never died, and one day when Wales is in great need he will return. 23 1 Unknown, 100 Welsh Heroes, <www.100welshheroes.com/en/biography/owainglyndwr>, [Accessed 10th March 2007] 2 Glanmore Williams, Owain Glyndwr, (University of Wales Press, 1993)1-2. 3 Elissa R Henken, National redeemer, (Cornell University Press, 1996),24. 4 Williams, Owain Glyndwr, 2. 5 Henken, National redeemer,25. 6 R.R Davies, The revolution of Owain Glyndwr, (Oxford University Press, 1995)66. 7 Dai Smith, Gareth Elwyn Jones, The people of Wales(Gomer Press,2000)35. 8 Gerald of Wales, The Journey through Wales/The description of Wales, (Penguin classics, reprint edition 1978)223. 9 Unknown, Owain Glyndwr and lord Grey, <http://www.owain-glyndwr-soc.org.uk/history.htm>[accessed 10th March, 2007] 10 Henken, National redeemer,23. 11 Gerald of Wales, The Journey through Wales, 223&251. 12 Williams, Owain Glyndwr, 3. 13 Williams, Owain Glyndwr, 13 14 Dai Smith, The people of Wales,36 15 Ian Skidmore, Owain Glyndwr, (Christopher Davies publishers22,1986)22. 16 Franz Alexander, <http://www.psychosomaticmedicine.org/cgi/reprint/8/2/110.pdf>, [Accessed 10th March 2007] 17 Williams, Owain Glyndwr,7 18 R.R Davies, The revolution of Owain Glyndwr,64. 19 Dai Smith, The people of Wales,41 20 Glanmore Williams, Renewal and Reformation in Wales,(Oxford University Press)4 21 Williams, Renewal and Reformation in Wales,5 22 Williams, Renewal and Reformation in Wales,5 23 Elissa R Henken, National redeemer, 69 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks essays

  1. What are the consequences of societal multilingualism?

    What we are able to see from these examples is that Spanish is the language of educational opportunity, and is also the socially preferred of the country. It will also, on occasion, indicate a person's social class/status depending on whether they use Guarani or Spanish in social occasions.

  2. The Handmaids Tale

    The Gilead regime attempts to strip all the handmaids of their power and a major way how they go about this is by the assigned uniforms for the handmaids, the uniform that Offred wears is a long red skirt which is ankle length, it gathers to a flat yoke which

  1. Tragic Heroes: Creon and Antigone

    So, she killed herself for the same reason that the other two did; to take the easy way out. At this point, Creon feels absolutely horrible that he has caused this series of unfortunate events. He feels bad for Antigone's death, and his own son, Haemon's death, and Eurydice's death.

  2. The Influence of English Mass Culture on Estonia

    It means that we are expected to preserve our national identity, thus contributing to cultural diversity in Europe and in the world. I assume that one of the main challenges facing Estonia in its development is assimilating the positive forces of change without losing its unique culture and identity.

  1. Act 3 scene 3 is a pivotal scene in the play Othello. How does ...

    He had said nothing that would indicate that Othello should have reason to be jealous, but by warning him now of jealousy, he suggests that there may be something about which to be jealous. Iago does this to show his pretence companionship towards Othello, as if he's looking out for him when really it's quite the converse.

  2. Framed Inspired by Nighthawks at the Diner by Edward Hopper

    And the bartender, how he amuses me! Staring just beyond me, out of the window. Trying to see beyond this world? Around the unbreakable barrier? Perhaps. Many people have. That's what I like about this world (and all worlds with a degree of intellect): we always wonder what's beyond, if anything!

  1. honour killing

    The third ground James O'Conner who approached Kiran on the night of the murder he stated that and Kiran was lucid and aware of her surroundings but was told to lie in court. Kiran was not aware that anybody was even around her 'it was as if she had dreamt that she had set fire to her husband.'

  2. Cymru or Wales?

    The fact that led him to construct this model is that the willingness to be identified as "British" is not dependent on linguistic factors only, but is strongly linked to the geographical territory inhabited by a given group. Thus, we could speak about a British Wales, roughly taking up the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work