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"All of the other Ways of Knowing are controlled by language." What does this statement mean and do you think it is a fair representation of the relationship between perception, emotion, reason, and language?

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Introduction

"All of the other Ways of Knowing are controlled by language." What does this statement mean and do you think it is a fair representation of the relationship between perception, emotion, reason, and language? There are four ways of knowing: emotion, reason, language and perception, all from which derive from the "knower". These ways of knowing are all intertwined, and without language, one cannot express emotion, reason and perception. I believe that all ways of knowing are controlled by language, and is, therefore, a fair representation of the relationship between emotion, reason, perception and language. "All of the other Ways of Knowing are controlled by language", means that the only way to convey the Ways of Knowing is through language. Using language as a basis for the other Ways of Knowing, the various interpretations of language control emotion, reason and perception. The word "language", in the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, has many different interpretations, but the interpretation I most agree with is, "a systematic means of communicating ideas or feelings by the use of conventionalized signs, sounds, gesture, or marks having understood meanings: the suggestion by objects, actions, or conditions of associated ideas or feelings"1. I believe that this definition is most suitable for the word "language", because it states that "[...] communicating ideas or feelings by the use of conventionalized signs, sounds, gestures, or marks having understood meanings: the suggestion by objects, actions, or conditions of associated ideas or feelings". ...read more.

Middle

How do I know that Japan is in Asia? I learned it in school."4 Similarly, using the emotional state of being sad, we can say, "How do you know she is sad?" ... because she looks sad (body language). "How do you know that she is crying because she is sad, and not happy?" ... because she told me (verbal language). "How do you know she looks sad?" ... because she is crying (body language). As you can see, the only way to justify her emotional state is by observing her actions. Although these answers do not completely justify her being sad, it is as close as we can get because everything we use to justify, is justified by something else, thus it creates a justification chain5. Another way of knowing is reason. The definition of reason, according to the Merriam Webster Dictionary, states that reason is: "1 a: a statement offered in explanation or justification b: a rational ground or motive. c: a sufficient ground of explanation or of logical defense; that supports a conclusion or explains a fact d: the thing that makes some fact intelligible : CAUSE."6 This definition is quite plausible because it covers three main areas: explanation/ justification, rational, and sufficient grounds of evidence (a, b and c). ...read more.

Conclusion

It is understandable that our influences on perception come from culture, society, authority, religion, education, sex/gender etc7. Let us take education for an example. How do we get "educated"? We hear the teacher speaking to us and we see our teacher illustrate the lesson on the chalkboard, and they learn that information from someone else, as discussed before- a "justification chain". We use language, whether it be sign language for the hearing impaired or verbal language, to communicate information to one another. If we can only perceive something to be from our influences, and we get our influences from a variety of sources, all from which we acquire this knowledge by hearing, observing, and feeling, then without language we would not be able to acquire such influences, thus not being able to have a perception. As Jeffery Olen said, "thus, all of our beliefs are connected to our observations of the world"8, then if we observe things through watching, their body language tells us knowledge, and therefore language dominates and controls all of the other "Ways of Knowing." If it controls all the "Ways of Knowing", then it also controls "All Areas of Knowledge"9. Without language to describe and illustrate "Ways of Knowing" and "Areas of Knowledge", we would not be able to communicate, and therefore there would be no basis for knowledge. ...read more.

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