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An Investigation into the Representation of The War on Iraq

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Introduction

An Investigation into the Representation of The War on Iraq Words - 1,669 Pages - 5 This is an investigation into how the Iraq war and the policies around it are represented in texts written at the declaration of war, during the war, and a couple of years after the war. Three texts will be examined. Text A is a blog posted by Eric Margolis who is an editor for the Canadian Times who is also an anti-war advocate. It targets blog readers of Eric Margolis. Text B by Paul Wolfowits, who is the US Deputy Secretary of defence highlighting that there will be a very bias representation of the war on behalf of US soldiers in the text. Due to the text being an article in The Daily Telegraph, the audience are middle class to upper class citizens who read The Daily Telegraph. Text C is a declaration of war speech from George W Bush, so it has a worldwide audience although primarily American, unlike the other two texts. Each writer is attempting to persuade the audience into sharing their views about the Iraq war by either covering or revealing facts or actions made by the opposing aggressors (terrorists) or the Americans. Eric Margolis tries to reveal "the ugly truth" about the war by pointing out various factors including, oil being the main reason as to why America went to war with Iraq. ...read more.

Middle

Verbs and adverbs are used in all three texts to describe the American's actions at war, with varying representations. Text C tries to represent the Americans as peace-makers emphasising that war is a good idea to make the world a better place. For example the infinitive verb "to free" in "to free its people" gives the impression that American forces are going to physically help and liberate people in Iraq rather than invade and destroy the country, which are original connotations of "war". The speech is trying to represent the war in Iraq as almost a charity mission by the Americans giving and not taking. This twists the normal perception people have on war, showing it in a positive light, which leads people into a sense of security. Text A uses many factive verbs such as "emerged" and "admitted". These verbs are used to express truth and conviction as they are followed by as clause that is supposedly true. For example "recently admitted, the Iraq war was all about oil". This tries to ensure the reader believes what they are reading is fact and not personal opinion. The word "invasion" has been nominalised, as it is being used as a noun rather than a verb in the sentence "The invasion of Iraq." This emphasises the vulnerability of Iraq and how it is the victim of the war, showing how it has been abused and exploited by more than one country as it does not specifically mention that America invaded Iraq. ...read more.

Conclusion

In Text C, it states how the main goal of the invasion of Iraq was to "undermine Saddam Hussein's ability to wage war", again using Saddam's dictatorship of Iraq as a main reason to war, emphasising the importance and positives of the war. In this simple sentence the word "war" is first used, as the subject of the sentence is Saddam Hussein, showing how war is only associated with him and not the Americans. To make Saddam's actions sound more aggressive the dynamic verb is used to create the alliteration "wage war". The three texts use similar methods to represent the war on Iraq in the way that they want to. All three articles are heavily biased, which means one could argue that there could be lack of reasoning behind some of their points. They are also all trying to challenge the representations of the war, both positive and negative. Text A, portrays the war as having no backbone other than greed for oil by the Americans, persuading the reader that this is the "ugly truth". Text B, tries to gain some sympathy towards American troops instead of the real victims of the American war against Iraq; however emphasising the good aspects the war on Iraq will bring such as liberating people from "Saddam's sadistic regime". Text B, uses rhetorical persuasive linguistic features to change the minds of people who are against the war on Iraq by convincing the audience that war on Iraq only has advantages. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ozlam Shalash, 12JP 1 ...read more.

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