• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

An Unpredicted New kind Of Warfare.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Firouz Daneshvar IBS History September 11th, 2003 Block F An Unpredicted New kind Of Warfare World war one continued for four years across a vast and stretching from the English Channel to the northern Swiss border. In 1914 the prediction was that the war would be over by Christmas. At the beginning of the war, The Germans thought they could capture France before invading Russia therefore preventing a war on two fronts. But because of the failure of tactics they couldn't succeed, and this was one of the main reasons the war lasted for such a long period. It was no longer each side trying to capture the other in the war but stopping the enemies movements in trench warfare and using new technology to soften up enemy, if it didn't back fire. Defense was now the key to winning the war and was far superior than the offensive. The trenches were hard to capture by advancing troops because of increasing firepower from machine guns. Crossing no-mans land was committing suicide for the troops as machine guns could inflict enormous damage on advancing infantry. The realization of the advantage of defense resulted in the enhanced rate of advancing technology. ...read more.

Middle

But the first Mark I tank was a weak and variable weapon. It was used at the Somme in 1916 but neither their performance nor numbers could help win the battle. It was not until Cambrai in 1917 that tanks were used on a large scale. They crunched their way over the barbed wire and German trenches creating a huge hole in the German defenses. A General on horseback commanded his armies in battle up until 1914. After 1914 telephones were working. Battles could be safely won from far away behind a desk. But though this development in communications may seem a great success, but telephones in reality were useless in attack, because the commanders didn't have a good perspective of the war and didn't know everything as they would be if they were sitting on horse and overlooking the battle which led to troops often pulling back because of lack of communications and broad view of the battle. In 1914 neither the French nor the British armies were trained for trench warfare. They had to adapt which took them several years and accounted for several of their failures and delays. French generals felt infantry charges were a necessity to win the war despite the huge advances in technology. ...read more.

Conclusion

Germany spread its men out over many of the fronts not only in the eastern front, but also in the Western Front. One argument is that if perhaps they had concentrated on only one front they may have had a chance of success as opposed to spreading out the troops over a large area. The deadlock ended in 1918 when it was broken by eventual collapse of the central powers. It was ultimately attrition that proved the crucial decider but it was a series of events and inventions that had not happened before which gave way to the end result. The submarine campaign was important as it brought America into the war with fresh troops and much needed resources and resulted in a huge blow to the German morale. In conclusion, there was no one true reason for deadlock on the western front, but that it was due to several problems. Technology advanced too rapidly, generals were not adequately trained for trench warfare. As one quote would say "The great war was fought with 20th century weapons and 19th century tactics". The war was able to be kept going due to the fact they were both vastly industrialized economies and neither side was able to eliminate the other since and the governments of both sides directed the industries towards mass production of uniforms, ammunitions, ships, explosives etc... ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. The Battle of the Somme 1916

    This was underestimated by the British so their tactics were catastrophic against it and this was one of the reasons that it turned into a war of attrition. The more men that were sent in, the more that died. Something that surprised me was the success of barbed wire: ''Quite

  2. Why was Trench Warfare so terrible

    The constant shelling would cause headaches among all of the soldiers, these two put together eventually lead to a man becoming very irritable. Eventually a soldier would not be able to concentrate at all and would lead to a complete mental breakdown.

  1. Production of chlorine

    These gases may smell and can be harmful to human's health if inhaled so the gas generator is very important. 2. Fume cupboard- a fume cupboard is used to prevent the gas from spreading out while doing exeperiments in the laboratory.

  2. I need to produce a marketing strategy for a new or existing product. I ...

    This takes the form of sales direct to the customer in their own homes as well as via promotional sales stands at exhibitions, in supermarkets and other High Street locations. The main target areas for export are North America and Western Europe, where the company's unique experience of operating in a fully competitive market can be utilised.

  1. Trench Warfare - The Battle of the Somme 1916.

    which is broken maybe by a shell or by the Germans so that the ally doesn't get use of it. Soldiers in the picture have raincoats maybe left by Germans when they leave in a hurry. Source C doesn't support source A as much as source B because it seems

  2. Was there much change in warfare on the Western Front between the end of ...

    could carry a crew of eight as opposed to three, and most importantly could cross 9ft. wide trenches, an enormous change from the Little Whippet. However, later on the rate of change decreased. There were further Marks before March 1918, up to the Mark IV.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work