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Analyse 3 scenes from ‘Macbeth’ and discuss how they contribute to the play as a tragedy

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Introduction

Analyse 3 scenes from 'Macbeth' and discuss how they contribute to the play as a tragedy Macbeth is a play that explores the nature of temptation, ambition, evil and the qualities of kingship. Macbeth has been so successful theatrically because the audience could relate to the noble hero's mighty ambition, which eventually turns him to a tragic hero. A tragic hero is a character that the audience sympathises with despite his/ her actions would indicate the opposite. Even though Macbeth horrifically murdered so many people, he is still a pitiable man. The question of Macbeth's freedom of will and action is essential to the play. Many would say that Lady Macbeth and the witches drove Macbeth to evilness. Evil is a term difficult to define especially in relation to Macbeth. Although it is said that evil cannot exist without will behind it. I would describe Macbeth as ambitious maybe not evil, because if Macbeth was clearly evil, he would be enjoying the kingship and not letting his conscience let him down. Even though it is difficult to separate ambition and evil from each other in Macbeth as they are so closely related. However Macbeth is a mixture of hero and villain. The audience condemns him and sympathises with him. After analysing the three scenes from the play "Act 1 Scene 3", "Act 3 Scene 4" and "Act 5 Scene 5" its clear why the play is known is known as a tragedy. The actions led him from being Macbeth the determined Thane of Glam is to Macbeth the murderous King of Scotland. ...read more.

Middle

It's very symbolical because it unites the kingdom the nobility of Scotland. It's very symbolical because it unites the kingdom under the new king. In this scene we realise that Macbeth gains the throne, but he loses his peace of mind (which we can clearly see in this scene); his fulfilled ambition proves hollow; he like Lady Macbeth, is beset by nightmares. He has not got the satisfaction or happiness he thought he would have achieved when he was appointed king. Act 3 deals with how Macbeth handles the situation. The scene is in middle of the play; it examines Macbeth's characters. He's become king and where does he go from here. The scene is very vital into the whole play. The audience realises why Macbeth is so "tragic". In this scene Macbeth's first words "You know your degrees, sit down" we realise that that the sittings of the table were planned. Everyone takes there seat apart from Macbeth as he "...mingle with society. And play the humble host", the audience gets the impression (or lady Macbeth) gives out the impression she is enjoying the banquet (so far) merely because she "keeps her state". When the first murderer enters, Macbeth quickly asks him "There's blood upon thy face". Macbeth is clearly pleased with this news. He praises his wickedness warmly "thou art the best of the cut-throats". When Macbeth hears that Fleance is not dead he is panicking again. "Then comes my fit again: I had else been perfect; whole as the marble, founded as the rock". ...read more.

Conclusion

However this speech/scene contributes immensely to the play as a tragedy, mainly because we realise that Macbeth is repentant of his sinful acts. Macbeth ends exactly how it had began: with a victorious battle in which a noble hero kills a traitor and displays his head. In act one we hear of Macbeth's bravery and how he cuts off a traitors head. Here at the end of the tragedy Macbeth himself who was a traitor to Duncan and his family gets his head cut off. The moral at the end of the play Shakespeare is giving out is that fate cannot be changed, and ambition can get the better of us. The events that the witches had predicted, "All hail, Macbeth! That shalt be king be king hereafter", happened exactly as they had said at the beginning of the play. Macbeth believes the witch's prophecies at face values not realising that things are not always what they seem. Banquo even tries to point tries to point this out to Macbeth "And oftentimes, to win us to our harm. The instruments of darkness tell us truths, win us with trifles, to betray's. In deepest consequences." But Macbeth didn't pay any attention. The witches have "equivocated; they had told him a double truth, concealing the harsh and complex reality within a framework which seems so simple and straightforward". What is interesting about Macbeth is the self awareness he shows in his own self-destruction, Macbeth knows exactly what he is doing and is at all stages aware of his progress. Macbeth can distinguish bad from good. He knows what he is doing and realises its sinful and he pays a big price for it. ...read more.

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