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Analysis of a conversation between a 2 year old child and her Mother

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Introduction

Analysis of a conversation between a 2 year old child and her Mother This conversation between 28 month old Gemma and her mother displaces the many lexical and grammatical changes that Gemma is undergoing as a growing infant, and the different ways her mother alters her speech to communicate easier with her offspring. As Gemma is 2 years and 4 months, she is in a transition stage as she has gained a very basic knowledge of language but as she is only just 2 is still far from learning about the intricacies of speech. This is shown in many places. Because of Gemmas increasing knowledge of vocabulary, by 28 months she is able to initiate conversation instead of just responding to adults: "Where man gone?" ...read more.

Middle

Gemma is also on the cusp of producing longer and more complex sentences, however is still only able to produce the simple constructions that she learnt from 18-24 months: " Whats it?." Gemma shows evidence of Berko and Brown's experiment into understanding. Berko and Brown proved that before the age of 3, children's comprehension of phonological patterns and the meanings that they represent develops quicker than the Childs ability to reproduce them. Because of this, children do not recognise that they have mispronounced a word, so adult correction is ineffective. This is shown by Gemmas mispronunciation of the word screwdriver: "MOTHER: A screwdriver. GEMMA: Crewdriver". ...read more.

Conclusion

This transcript also shows the different ways in which Gemmas mother alters her speech in order to communicate with Gemma clearly and easily. She displays many features that adults display when directing speech to children. She uses simple vocabulary for Gemma to understand, and uses diminutive forms: "Shall I keep this picture and show it to Daddy?" This would normally be accompanied by higher pitch and exaggerated intonation patterns, in order to increase the Childs understanding. Also the frequent use of questioning introduces the child to turn taking whilst in conversation, and the use of auxiliary verbs: "He didn't have a hat, did he?" (This essay is 509 words, however the document submitter wouldn't allow me to submit it when i said that) ...read more.

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