• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyze Brecht as the man, the context of his life, his theatre technique of alienation, his theory of historification and his use of episodic theatre.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Trish Allan Bertolt Brecht As Brecht once said: "the world is out of joint certainly, and it will take a strong movement to manipulate it (society) all back again." Was Brecht successful in "manipulating it all back again"? This essay will therefore analyze Brecht as the man, the context of his life, his theatre technique of alienation, his theory of historification and his use of episodic theatre. Bertolt Brecht was born in Augsburg, Germany in February 10 1896. He was considered to be one of the most well-known figures of theatre in the 20th century. He was a playwright, poet and theatre director. Brecht developed a style of drama called epic theatre, which was the complete contrast of Ibsen's melodrama. Epic theatre focused on encouraging audiences to 'think' and have their own opinions, rather than becoming too involved in the story line and recognizing characters. In 1917 he went to Munich University as medical student, and also attended theatre seminars by Professor Artur Kutscher. But before Brecht finished his studies, he was sent to serve in the military during the end of the First World War as a medical orderly. ...read more.

Middle

His theatre was more informative and forced the viewer to critique what they were watching. Brecht's epic style contradicts Stanislavsky's Realism theatre and Ibsen's Melodrama. He argues that the illusion on stage draws the audience to be too emotionally attached to the characters and storyline, rather than to think and relate the context to their own lives. Brecht developed his own Drama techniques that made him able to make the audience understand that his plays are informative and make them relate to their own issues. The use of Alienation in Brecht's plays brings its own unique way of leaving the audience astonished and sometimes a bit confused. It constantly reminds the audience that what they are seeing isn't actually happening here in the real world. Making his theatre paradoxal, Brecht wanted the audience to have their own critical opinion of what they were watching and not just accept the invited reading. The use of Alienation in Brecht's plays means constantly distancing the audience from the emotional status of the play, this includes incorporation of songs, narrative passages, banners and anything that would remind the audience that what they were watching is only acting. ...read more.

Conclusion

Epic or Episodic Theatre is a combination of all the conventions of Brechtian theatre. Such as Alienation and Historification. It was Brecht's response to Ibsen's melodrama. Where instead of emotionally attaching the audience to the character, he used the Alienation technique to change the viewer into a spectator. He also began using 'episodes' to show the passing of time or the parallel time to another issue. This is employed though uses of a narrator, banners and signs, the simple onstage set and the flat white light that creates no extra mood. In The Caucasian Chalk Circle it uses Episodic Theatre to speed up time (the seasons change), jump further into the future (Michael grows up) and parallels time to another event (when the story of Grusha cuts to the story of Azdak). In conclusion, Brecht was successful in manipulating society back through his productions. His unique style of Epic theatre made the audience 'think' rather than to accept the invited reading. This turned the audience into a spectator rather than a viewer and to add their own perspectives and morals to what they just witnessed. He used past events in Historification to allow the audience to make their own decisions on what they would have done to make it better. Brecht's productions were unlike any other. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Play Writes section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Play Writes essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The History Boys. Consider the significance of finding your way in life, in ...

    3 star(s)

    Then there?s Missus Lintott, the history teacher. She is a whip-smart, caring and motherly senior history teacher who is loved by her students. Her students call her tot or ?tottie? which is very ironic because she is a big-bone woman. Together with Irwin and Hector, she makes sure that the boys will pass the exam.

  2. The Birthday Party, a comedy of menace (Pinter)

    SIT DOWN". Indeed, we feel more menaced by Goldberg than by McCann because as McCann has already yelled at Stanley we feel as though we know what he is capable of but we don't really know how much Goldberg can do with his power of speech.

  1. Free essay

    Brave New World

    change believes and adapt to rules like "Every one belongs to every one else". The heroine in "Heroes and Villains" presented to the reader from her childhood when her characteristics started to develop. After series of unfortunate events in Marianne's life her life seems to make no sense to her and she seeks for adventures and excitement.

  2. In the country, people are forced to confront their faults and lead a more ...

    Goldsmith then augments this fault in Marlow?s character through stage directions, ?gathering courage?, which reveals Marlow?s ?awkward address? as he talks to Kate. Nonetheless, through Kate?s deception Marlow is forced to amend his ?bashful manner?. Once Marlow ?mistook (Kate) for the barmaid? and a woman of low status, because of

  1. Examine how Shaffer's use of stagecraft contributes to the themes and ideas of The ...

    Throughout the entire play, there is a general distinct contrast between the two countries, Spain and Peru. Shaffer distinguishes his ideas in the way he chooses to display his setting in each place, and alongside this, he adds music to suggest the mood and location without having too many props set on stage.

  2. Scene by scene analysis of "Equus"

    The horseman said to Alan that he build a ?terrific castle?. But Alan gives all his attention to other things, in this case to the horse. From this moment, Alan didn?t say any word to the horseman anymore. He just nodded and let his desire free run.

  1. Comment on Sherriff's presentation of Stanhope in the first two acts of Journey's End.

    would seem he himself realises how wrong he has been as he ?sits with lowered head? and does not move as Osborne reads out the letter to him. However, Sherriff creates sympathy for Stanhope during his scene with the colonel, in which they discuss who should be sent on a raid which is almost certainly a suicide mission.

  2. Alice in Wonderland timeless themes. Lewis Carrol published Alice in Wonderland in 1865 ...

    While it is based on the second Lewis Carroll novel, the two stories barely match up. This transformation is action packed, much darker, and the imaging much more vivid than the previous versions. Reasons for this change would be both advancements in imaging technology, change in society's expectations, and also the history of the director.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work