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Austin also uses this passage and the characters to illustrate what will happen later on in the novel. The passage rests on situational irony.

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Introduction

Austin also uses this passage and the characters to illustrate what will happen later on in the novel. The passage rests on situational irony. Harriet Smith is interested in Mr. Elton, but Mr. Elton is interested in Emma, the woman who is attempting to set up the two. It also creates a number of ambiguities. She makes it very clear that Mr Elton likes Emma by the way he turns down all the criticism of the painting from the other characters. "Oh, no! Certainly not too tall; not in the least too tall." Austin's use of repetition, in this quote, emphasizes the fact that Mr Elton is backing up Emma in every way possible. ...read more.

Middle

"I cannot agree with you." Mr Elton though is not the only character that hints at the rest of the novel. Austin uses all the other characters, in this passage, as well. In fact, although he says very little, Mr Knightly's comment is very important. "You have made her too tall, Emma." This illustrates the friendly relationship he has with Emma, as it is not meant as a harsh criticism. Austin uses it to show how Mr Knightly and Emma joke with each other, and this is very significant as to the end of the story. Also, the fact that he uses her name at the end of his line adds to the familiarity between the two characters. Towards the end of the passage Austin also brings in Mr Woodhouse. ...read more.

Conclusion

Austin uses this whole chapter to drop hints as to what will happen. It is hard to grasp these hints when reading the novel for the first time but once it ahs been read once these hints become very apparent. The main method Austin uses is the way she makes her characters repeat words and phrases that are important, for example, making Mr Elton repeat words of praise to Emma, which signifies his love for her and not for Harriet. "Certainly not too tall; not in the least too tall." Austin also makes Mr Elton increase the meaning of what he says when he repeats it. This emphasizes his feelings for Emma and the way he pushes away any criticism made against her. Alastair Baillie English Literature: Emma's portrait of Harriet - comment on narrative techniques, characters and how they hint at what is to come ...read more.

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