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Borrowed words.

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Borrowed words English is a Germanic Language of the Indo-European family. It is the second most spoken language in the world. It is estimated that there are 300 million native speakers and 300 million who use English as a second language and a further 100 million use it as a foreign language. It is the language of science, aviation, computing, diplomacy and tourism. It is listed as the official or co-official language of over 45 countries and is spoken extensively in other countries where it has no official status. English plays a part in the cultural, political or economic life of many countries; with this in mind it is hardly surprising that the English language has borrowed words from many other languages, and is well on its way to becoming the unofficial international language of the world. Mandarin (Chinese) is spoken by more people but English is by far the most widespread of the world's languages. ...read more.


Everyone who uses the English language uses borrowed words without even knowing that they come from another country, young people also use words which originated from America such as, 'teenager, hangover, radio, ok and joyride' Another language that the English owe a lot of its borrowed words to is German. German is an indo-European Language spoken in Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Central Europe. The Germans were great chemists during the 19th and early 20th centuries giving English many chemical terms ('bismuth', 'quartz'). There are several words from World War II ('gestapo', 'nazi', 'rocket'). Some food words are also present ('muffin', 'strudel'). Two words associated with the USA are also German, 'dollar' names after its place of origin and 'hamburger' a popular fast food which is also named after its city of origin. Because German and English are closely related many words are common to the two languages. ...read more.


There are more than 150 indigenous languages spoken on the Indian subcontinent, the vast majority of which belong either to the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family or to the non-Indo-European Dravidian family. A much smaller representation of languages belongs to the Austro-Asiatic and Sino-Tibetan language families. The majority of words borrowed from India are from India Hindi however the word 'bungalow' comes from India Bengali, meaning small house, originally bangal. 'Catamaran' comes from India Tamil, a sailing boat with two hulls, originally meaning 'bound wood', 'Orange' comes from Ancient India, Sanskrit, a sweet fruit originally from the ancient Sanskrit 'naga ranga' meaning fatal indigestion' for elephants. The word 'sugar' also comes from Ancient India Sanskrit, orinally 'sarkara'. Most words come from the Indian Hindi language such as, 'shampoo, bandanna, bangle, basmati, blighty, cheetah, chintz, chutney, coolie, cot, dungaree, jungle, loot, samosa and punch'. The English language has an enormous amount of words that have been borrowed (or loaned) from other languages all around the world, American English, German and Indian are just a three. Victoria Ann Thain ...read more.

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