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Brave New World Essay

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Introduction

Certainly, the phrase "what it means to be human" has significantly different connotations in Brave New World to what it may implore for most responders to the novel. While Huxley's exposition of society's degradation towards the image he depicts is based around realistic concerns, such an image is far-fetched and fantastical and requires responders to accept the Brave New World's ideology of humanity rather than their own. Brave New World encompasses a profound economic, political, philosophical crisis in which society is ready to accept anything. Many of the scientific technological advancements have turned against humanity. Political and business institutions now eradicate individualism and replace it with a deep seeded sense of nationalism. Such institutions turn us from complex individuals into stereotypical beings. Political slogans and ideals which are already engrained into the character's subconscious reinforce the limited sense of who the characters are. Expanding economic structures create world-wide consumption and production and this mass consumerism extends the insignificance of one human. All human relationships with nature are either destroyed or threatened. Sexual, emotional, spiritual and intellectual conditioning ensure that thought is restricted as the controlling body desires. One of the major themes of Brave New World is dehumanisation. ...read more.

Middle

With this thought, the responder may reflect and experience an epiphany as to how fortunate our society is today. The notion of a 'natural world' is one that suggests an environment that has been formed by nature; growing spontaneously, uncultivated and undergoing natural rhythms that emerge periodically. This concept is an underlying ideal that reverberates throughout Brave New World. Aldous Huxley composed BNW in 1932 following the aftermath of World War I. As a result, Huxley's context reflects many historical and social perceptions that were apparent in his period. BNW satirises cynical visions envisaged by totalitarian parties; exposing flaws and dangers that deny the fundamental aspects of humanity and individual freedoms, allowing the natural world to be obliterated. In order to create the appearance of reality and allow responders to believe in the possibility of such a world, Huxley employs extensive jargon in science, psychology and technology. This supplements the use of figurative language that also bears numerous literary, historical and biblical allusions to create a sense of authenticity - thereby reinforcing the notion that the populace has been a product of an uncongenial technology. The natural world has not been destroyed in BNW; rather, it has been marginalised and rendered meaningless. ...read more.

Conclusion

What Huxley is trying to comment upon here is that in a utopian society there is a hedonistic approach to life, where one may be able to seek maximum pleasure at the expense of ethics - which are not considered to be important as they have little significance in driving the community Furthermore, in BNW the implementation of the Bokanovsky leads to devaluation of life because human life can be easily replaced through scientific experimentation. "...after all, what is an individual?... we can make a new one with the greatest ease - as many as we like." This clearly epitomises a conflict between the natural environment and humanity. Humanities desire for a caste society has led to a destruction of natural life. Huxley is able to insert appropriate dialogue between the characters that helps define their motives to the reader. For instance, "Sixteen thousand and twelve in this Centre," Mr. Foster replied without hesitation. He spoke very quickly, had a vivacious blue eye, and took an evident pleasure in quoting figures." This explains that Foster may be pedantic about figures at times, but is deeply involved in his work and enjoys imparting knowledge. The values of a contemporary audience that deem to be morally correct find that the values exposed in the BNW have been vastly pervaded as a result of a Marxist attitude. ...read more.

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