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Changing Attitudes towards World War I

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Introduction

Changing Attitudes towards World War I World War I was started on the 28th July 1914. Tension had been building up over the years. At first the main countries involved were Austria-Hungary, and Germany - The Triple Alliance - against Russia, France, and Britain - The Triple Entente. War had not occurred for a long time before; the last war by the British was the Battle of Somme. None of the major countries had been involved in a war recently, and did not know of the reality of war. There was a great sense of euphoria everywhere across Europe. There were many ways of encouraging the public to go to war, as Britain effectively used propaganda at the start of the war, depicting that the soldiers at the front line were doing such a great job at what they were doing, but the actual fact was that certain events were a military disaster, and were not as even mentioned during the war. However, this attitude was not the same all the way throughout the war, as the war progressed, civilians at home soon started to realise that the war was not as victorious as it was made out to be. On the 28th July 1914, the war broke out and there was a great sense of excitement everywhere across Europe. People were dancing and singing in the streets at the prospect of going to war, men thought that going to war was a brave and heroic thing to do and it would be an adventure and an achievement. ...read more.

Middle

A huge trench system was employed by the British that backed up the frontline and made artillery further back to shell the enemy without taking fire. Obstacles such as barbed wire and mines were used to stop the enemy from making any advances. As a result of trenched warfare, many changes took place, such as; artillery became more powerful because artillery were not very accurate and powerful at fist, cavalry became less important because obviously the Germans had machine guns and cavalry would be easy targets, Infantry became more important because soldiers were the "Backbone of the army", Poison gas attacks were used by the German's, and the British scientists had to develop gas masks. Also tanks were invented by the British, they were used first used in the Battle of Somme and boosted the British morale and shocked the German troops. Meanwhile at home, Britain had been bombed 2 more separate times, and now there was a munition crises, Soldiers were being rationed to 3 rounds per day and more women had to work in munitions factories. This shows us that there is a mixed reaction of the war in this year, from driving away the German troops with the recent development of the tank and many more recruits entering the army, to being bombed and having to ration out ammunition for soldiers to use. ...read more.

Conclusion

There were many campaigns into helping people cut back on their usage of food. Propaganda was used to encourage people to grow their own food. There was a rationing of meat, butter, and cheese throughout the country. This continued until at the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918, the Armistice was signed, and the war was officially over. In conclusion, the attitudes towards World War I was not a sustained attitude, attitudes changed in time which reflected what was being said around the civilians on the home front, weather it was the propaganda advertised to motivate people or by the word of other people who know someone in the army, and come to know of the conditions. From the start of war, there were many recruits showing us that there were many enthusiastic people about the army, and then from 1916 onwards, you see that the number of recruits started falling. This indicates to us that people have a different perspective of the war that which was enforced upon them at the start of the war by the government using propaganda. Then after that the number of recruits start falling rapidly, more organisations are set up to help the economy, people are encouraged to grow their own food, voluntary rationing begins followed soon by compulsory rationing, this shows us England is slowly collapsing. ?? ?? ?? ?? History Coursework: Changing Attitudes towards World War I Jatin Gumbhir Page 2 of 4 ...read more.

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