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Compare and Contrast James Joyce & Charles Dickens

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LO 2.2 Where Two or More Extracts/Poems are Analysed, Critically Compare the Effects of Forms and Literary Language. Charles Dickens Great Expectations and James Joyce Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, both wrote their novels using a semi-autobiographical style, the second written in a bildungsroman style. The first mentioned being introduced in the first-person aspect, Pip who is the main protagonist is attempting to identify his parentage and outlines briefly his childhood background from a adult perspective, in contrast James Joyce's novel is written in the omniscient third-person narrator style which is describing Stephen's developmental experiences and eludes to his coisted upbringing, where as Philip Pirrip didn't know his parents. The theme of death is prevalent, suffering, gratitude and social mobility is also apparent throughout the chapter one of Great Expectations, the structure is a coherent narrative, flowing and descriptive, in comparison chapter one of James Joyce's novel contains such themes as social mobility and the development of individual consciousness. The structure and is one of a fragmented stream of consciousness. Both chapters within their novels share a generalised functional statement, one of social mobility and off childhood experiences, Joyce's novel highlights. Joyce's novel introduces "baby tuckoo" or Stephen whom is close to "moocow" his father and mother who live in a middle/upper class lifestyle, a boy who has become harmed by pampering. ...read more.


Pip has also been educated throughout his later life as he uses etymology such as "childish conclusion" and "stone lozenges" finally "sacred" this isn't language of the illiterate of the age. An attitude of sympathy can be garnered from both authors perhaps. Joyce would be one of abandonment through choice and Dickens abandonment through enforcement. Stephen being abandoned after his early years by his loving parents to boarding school where he is unprepared for the harsh realities of life, the differential children with their "fathers and mothers and different clothes and voices" whom are like an alien race to him, Stephen is almost xenophobic. Then Pip in turn has had his situation enforced upon him by mother-nature, death of all of his family members in this case. This situation isn't so foreign to him, as he has had time to adapt as he is now an adult, when comparing to Stephen. Conveyance of Joyce's chapter one shows an omniscient narrator fragmented tone, which helps to suggest a discontented childhood being project from the stream of consciousness. As the chapter opens with the child-like references and then is interrupted by song and a memory of experience when he "wet the bed", the story continues and introduces his other family member, life at school and the suffering he is enduring mentally within it. ...read more.


Stephen is a child and the language uses says that way, as before highlight upon the childish names "baby tuckoo" for himself, and "moocow" project this, when he "wet the bed" his mother change the linen and put a "oilsheet" down. The continual repetition of rhymes "Tralala lala, Tralala tralaladdy" you can almost imagine a child dancing around in circle humming this to them self. As previously mentioned the way Stephen is alluded to as small compared to the other boys in the playground, help form a image of a cowering little boy who is last to be picked for football. Finally the closeness of the family, his father telling him a story, the singing and dancing around his mother and uncle as the "clapped". Stephen's mother telling him not to speak with "rough boys" he thinks "Nice mother", and then he thought on the day they said goodbye to him as "her nose and eyes were red". Both sections of their respective novels clearly have a statement of intent, both commenting upon social mobility, both looking from a child's perspective and finally both looking at separation from loved ones, whether enforced or not. Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man could be seen to be much harder to decipher than the structure flowing Great Expectations, however both apply moral but also social issues of the era, which is why they are both lauded. ?? ?? ?? ?? Stuart West Eng Lit - LO 2.2 11/05/2009 stuart.west7@ntlworld.com Page 1 ...read more.

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