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Compare and contrast the media techniques used to present the

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Compare and contrast the media techniques used to present the "D-Day Landings in the Longest Day" and "Saving Private Ryan" The heroism and bravery of those who took part in the D-Day has been brought to the big screen from several perspectives. 1939-1945 were some of the most horrific times in the broad spectrum of human conflict ever seen by mankind with unmatched weapons of devastation and the senseless slaughter of millions of lives both on and off the fields of battle. The Longest Day (1962) is a brilliant rendition of the famous D-Day invasion of Normandy. The film is quite accurate, depicting the perspectives of all sides of the war involved in the event. Multiple viewpoints give the film an objective feel, as opposed to the over-glorified subjective view of Saving Private Ryan. However the Longest Day lacks character development whereas Saving Private Ryan (1998) follows the "plight of the hero". Zanuck's film still manages to draw the viewer into the events that surround D-Day. The Longest Day was released in an era where the public were still grieving over the number of men they had lost, and so the film gives the viewer the impression that the soldiers had a jolly good time stepping off the landing craft and walking knee-deep to shore. The Longest Day intentionally left out the brutality whereas in Saving Private Ryan, the opening scenes on Omaha Beach clearly indicate the brutality. ...read more.


The effect of the deep focus allows you to concentrate on the individual and sense that there is war going on in the vicinity. Both SPR and the Longest Day use deep focus, especially in the opening scenes. The opening scene between Captain John Miller and his crew on the boat consist of many violent explosions taking part in the background. In the Longest Day, there is much less focus on a group of men but a general account of what war was like. The initial setting includes a large sweep of action, sporadically going close up to the allies. The Longest Day concentrates on a particular subject. The Captain commanding the troops in the centre, conveys to the audience the patriotic and military atmosphere. Saving Private Ryan does not really have a central focus apart from a few scenes, where we see the whole battle from the Captain's point of view. This composition of shot, is known as mise-en-scene. Spielberg does not make the storyline more confusing by including several perspectives but he has made the film harder to follow by the pace of it. The fast paced editing corresponds to what actually goes on in war. The drawback is that we don't always know what is happening. At the beginning of the film, there is a noteworthy editing sequence from the graveyard to the barricaded chaos. ...read more.


The silence in Saving Private Ryan conveys what people are thinking, imagining what it would be like for them. When the camera moves underwater, it goes silent as then the audience can engage completely. In the Longest Day, there is use of non-diegetic sound. The music is the standard march which reinforces the braveness of the soldiers, and the song is very patriotic. So many locations were probably used in the making of the Longest Day but it is clear in some cases where there are the uses of back projection. I believe that these two films are highly successful. The purpose of The Longest Day is not to invoke a strong emotional response from the viewer. The intention of this film is to inform its audience of one of the most significant events of World War II from an impartial view. Zanuck's film succeeds in its ability to portray four different points of view. The film seems to make war seem more fragile as if it's giving respect to the soldiers. Saving Private Ryan, also gives respect to those who died and fought, but in a different way, showing what they lived through, and what they experienced. The objective of Saving Private Ryan is to show what the situation during D-Day was really like, and to actually move people with emotions and a fascinating storyline. Both Zanuck and Spielberg have produced fantastic films using various effects and techniques. Sujanthan Jeyavarathan English Coursework ...read more.

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