• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and contrast two poems, one by Liz Lochhead and one by Carol Ann Duffy, taking account of the methods (situation, form and structure, and language, including imagery, and tone) which each poet uses to write about journeys.

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Compare and contrast two poems, one by Liz Lochhead and one by Carol Ann Duffy, taking account of the methods (situation, form and structure, and language, including imagery, and tone) which each poet uses to write about journeys. Two poems in which the poets focus on the theme of journeys are Originally by Duffy and Lanarkshire Girls by Lochhead. In Originally Duffy presents a situation where the speaker is a child moving from Scotland to England, whereas in Lanarkshire Girls Lochhead writes about fourteen year olds travelling to Glasgow. In examining how both these poems convey journeys, a good place to start would be their titles. Through the title Originally Duffy conveys that this is a poem about our origins and how even though we may take many journeys throughout our lives, we will always be irreversibly tied to our place of origin. Lanarkshire Girls, on the other hand, locates the poem in the Scottish area of Lanarkshire and the word, ?girls,? suggests and excitement and immaturity, on the cusp of their life-long journeys. The most effective way that each poet writes about journeys is their use if a wide range of methods and imagery. Beginning with the first stanzas of each poem, in Originally Duffy immediately gives the reader a sense that this is a journey of unknowns: ?We came from our own country in a red room.? The use of the possessive pronoun, ?our own country,? ...read more.


There is a subtle undercurrent of fatalism underneath the outward exuberance of the journey. In the third stanza of Originally a certain amount of time has passed since the original journey and the speaker is gradually assuming a new identy for herself. She notes that when her brother assimilated to his new environment she felt, ?only a skelf of shame.? The use of a Scottish colloquialism represents that no matter how hard she tries to distance herself from her origins, it will always be part of her language. She has reached the final destination of her journey. On the other hand, in Lanarkshire Girls the girls wholeheartedly and unreservedly engage with their new environment. Lochhead quickens the pace of the journey: ?our bus sped / past the city stops.? Unlike the speaker in Originally, these girls can?t wait to reach their final destination. The hard, plosive use of alliterative phrases such as, ?glamorous Gallowgate,? and, ?Terry Tattoo Artist,? emphasises the foreignness of their destination, which is also captured by the name of the street: ?Jamaica Street.? Both speakers have embarked on a journey into the unknown and both Duffy and Lochhead use clever methods to capture how they relate to their new environments. Furthermore, the tone of each poem reflects the journeys that are written about. In Originally Duffy uses a tonal shift. ...read more.


On the other hand, Lanarkshire Girls is written in free verse meaning that it has no rhythm nor rhyme scheme. Again, this conveys that the journey presented by Lochhead is much more spontaneous and exciting than the predetermined and anxious journey that Duffy presents. In terms of the poets? diction, in Originally Duffy uses punctuation and varied sentence structure to full effect when depicting journeys. For example, in the second stanza she writes, ?some are slow, / leaving you standing, resigned.? This long sentence is broken up by several commas which emphasises the unhurried pace of the journey. This is immediately juxtaposed by a caesura followed by a short, staccato sentence, ?others are sudden.? Duffy cleverly captures the unpredictable fluxuation in pace that childhood journeys can bring. On the other hand, Lochhead uses long and detailed sentences in Lanarkshire Girls. For example, the entire second stanza is one sentence. This suggests that the journey of puberty is more full-on and unrelenting than the slower journeys of childhood. Moreover, another similarity between the two poems and how they depict journeys is that both use frequent enjambment between lines to replicate the fluid motions of a car or bus journey. To conclude, both Duffy and Lochhead skilfully use many poetic methods to capture the turmoil and excitement of journeys taken during childhood and adolescence. At the conclusions of both poems, even though the particular journeys being written about have ended, the reader gets the sense that their true journey throughout life is only beginning. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Comparative Essays section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Comparative Essays essays

  1. Carol Ann Duffy Litany and Stafford Afternoon

    This shock brings sound back into her world, with that realisation of the danger she is in and where she is and she runs all the way home ignoring the mans "endearments" on the way managing to escape. The speaker of the poem then tells us that time is like

  2. The poem's 'I am not that women' by Kishwar Naheed and 'women work' by ...

    no time for detail with the amount of work she has to do, this stanza also includes rhyming couplets again to make it an easy read. The repetition of pro noun 'I' reinforces how much she has to do in a day.

  1. Examine the use of the dramatic monologue in the poetry of Carol Ann Duffy

    Within the next few stanza's Mrs. Midas's tone dramatically changes from feeling relaxed and happy to shocked and horrified at what her husband has done. "He came into the house. The doorknobs gleamed. He drew the blinds." The short sentences evoke a feeling of everything happening too fast, supporting the shocked and horrified mood, which continues to the next stanzas.

  2. This essay will attempt to offer a close, detailed comparison of the following pair ...

    Although the context of the poem differ entirely one can conclude that they represent the state of mind of the composer of the poem. an example being Alfred Tennyson's poem 'Ulysses' which can be assumed to be based upon the emotions of losing his dear friend and remembering times past that were once youthful and full of merriment.

  1. The Road Not Taken and Other Poems by Robert Frost

    Just as stated earlier, Frost wrote this poem about himself, therefore the same conclusions can be drawn about his hard work and perseverance on New Hampshire. The poem's message is to rally on in the face of adversity. Just like the two other poems, Design has many different interpretations that can be drawn.

  2. Compare and contrast two poems, one by Liz Lochhead and one by Carol Ann ...

    Her desires are illegal. This is a metaphor in which the servant suggests that her love is like the rope that binds a slave. The imagery in Epithalamium is much more positive, using pathetic fallacy to convey the joys of love: ?It?s like when sunlight flings / A sudden shaft

  1. Death is a key theme in a number of John Donnes poems, including Death ...

    Many of Donne?s poems reflect his tortured soul-searching for answers about what to do in this specific decision. Antonio S. Oliver said of Donne ??It is safe to assume he did not fear death in the conventional manner, for he believed in the concept of an afterlife.?? I agree with

  2. Compare and contrast two poems, one by Liz Lochhead and one by Carol Ann ...

    Both speakers are unreserved with their criticisms of men. The speaker of The Redneck calls her husband a, ?pig,? and uses dialogue to convey how crass he is: ?him shouting ?Perfect Working Order? ? and flashing the photographer.? This pun on the word, ?flashing,? is effective in conveying her husband as misogynist and sexually aggressive.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work