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Compare the opening sections of "Brighton Rock" and "Othello". What Impressions of time/place, character and attitudes are conveyed?

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Introduction

Compare the opening sections of the Brighton Rock and Othello. What Impressions of time/place, character and attitudes are conveyed? For the first sections of both literatures, the authors William Shakespeare and Graham Greene, both introduce the setting, the characters and the attitudes in aim to set the scenery and themes that will be displayed throughout the book or performance. Brighton Rock and Othello contrast mainly through the themes of wealth and violence. However, the display of class division reveals similarities between the two literatures. The settings for Brighton Rock and Othello only have one similarity; both cities obtain class division. However, both upper and lower classes dominate Brighton, whereas in Othello, as the upper class uses the lower class to represent their wealth, we are given the impression that the upper class dominates Venice. Venice in the 16th century was seen to English citizens as powerful and wealthy due to being ?a major trading rival?, which also gives the impression that the setting would be ?assume(d) (as) a great local interest? to the English audience. This impression of wealth and power is also conveyed through the first act, as all of the characters introduced, which are associated with Venice, are maintained in the upper class. This includes the Duke of Venice, Cassio; ?a great arithmetician?, Brabantio; a Venetian Senator and Othello; ?an honorable murderer?. ...read more.

Middle

The attitudes towards her character differ in the first section due to the response of two different characters, Hale and Pinkie. Hale, an admirer of the woman sends a positive attitude towards her, expressing that she obtained an appearance of ?(taking) care of herself?. However, Pinkie is described of ?watching (her) with an experience of furious distaste?, creating the idea that a rowdy woman, who encourages her sexuality is revolting to him. It is hard to determine what attitude Greene desires to send over women to the readers but one could interpret that when Ida is not being described through Hale?s opinion, Greene describes her in a disapproving manner, which creates the impression that the attitude Pinkie sends off to the readers, is what Greene is trying to convey in the book. For example, ?(her) cowlike eye? and ?warm port-winey laugh?, isn?t complimentary for a woman?s description in the 1930?s, as it is creates a sense of masculinity. From this, it can be argued that Greene is trying to portray that a woman who is confident with her sexuality, who seeks attention in a ?public bar?, is masculine, thus it is revolting to him for a woman to behave like that. In Othello, it depends on which character?s perspective one takes to interpret the attitude it sends over women. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, one could argue that Pinkie?s character is also similar to Iago in Othello, as they are both cunning, which is portrayed through Pinkie?s plan for Hale ?to pay?, and Iago?s plan to ?double knavery?. This is also demonstrated through Iago?s quote; ?I am not what I am?, which is similar to Pinkie, as he displayed as a ?Boy? with his ?smooth skin?, creating a sense of innocence. Yet he obtains ?a kind of hideous and unnatural pride? and ?grey eyes (that have) an effect of heartlessness?, creating the sense that that image is misleading. In conclusion, the impressions differ between the two texts in the first section over the attitudes of wealth and violence due to the expression of the setting and characters. This is mainly caused by Greene focusing on the common and lower class of Brighton in the first section, as it conveys the contrast between the two texts. The contrasts portrayed are over the common characters in Brighton Rock to the rich characters in Othello, and the semantic field of violence expressed throughout the first section of Brighton Rock, to the avoidance of opportunities for violence in Othello. However, there are traits between the characters that are similar, such as the characters of Ida with Desdemona through the attitudes that are conveyed over woman and the characters of Pinkie with Othello and Iago through their characteristics conveyed to the readers and the audience. ...read more.

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