• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare the presentation of Ariel and Caliban in the play

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare the presentation of Ariel and Caliban in the play Ariel is an airy spirit that is bound to serve the magician Prospero, who rescued him from Sycorax, the witch who previously inhabited the island and controlled it. Sycorax imprisoned Ariel in a tree for 12 years for "refusing her grand hests". Sycorax died leaving Ariel in the tree until he was saved by the only person that had stronger magic than her, Prospero. Prospero greets disobedience with a reminder that Ariel owes him his freedom. Ariel serves Prospero by using his magic. Ariel is Prospero's eyes and ears throughout the play using his magical abilities to foil other character's plots to bring down his master. He is the source of Prospero's magical powers, causing the tempest and many of the conspiracies in the play, and works for Prospero somewhat against his will. He is an intelligent, capable servant. Caliban is a deformed monster who is the slave of Prospero. While he is referred to as a mooncalf in the sub-plot, a freckled whelp, he is the only human inhabitant of the island, which is otherwise "not honored with a human form". All who encounter Caliban regard him as sub-human, or reprehensible, because of his different looks and strange ways. ...read more.

Middle

However Caliban did at first love Prospero, until he got him drunk off; "water with berries in't" and had him tell of the entire island and then make him a slave. Prospero uses his power over Caliban in a malicious, vengeful manner. Prospero has a lot more dignity and respect for Ariel than Caliban, this shows from what Prospero says to Ariel; "thou hast done well, fine Ariel!" compared to what he says to Caliban; "poisonous slave". Ariel is loyal to his; "noble master" and is willing to serve him on any occasion; "say what, what shall I do?" compared to Caliban who wouldn't do anything for Prospero if wasn't controlled by him. There use of language is very different indeed. At the start of the play we learn that Caliban was taught English by Miranda; "took pain to make thee speak taught thee each hour" because when Prospero made him his slave he would speak his own language; "know thine own meaning, but wouldst gabble like a thing most brutish" which we know now as Italian. But after being taught this Caliban communicates almost entirely by means of vulgar curses and complaints; "I know how to curse. ...read more.

Conclusion

As for Caliban who knows, will he stay on the island? Will he be taken to Milan to carry on being a slave for Prospero? Will he be given freedom? We are unsure what will happen to him, but I am sure he won't be freed after his plot with Trinculo and Stephano to kill his powerful master. Ariel shows more intelligence in the play than Caliban. Caliban shows trust to easy and is used. Caliban was used by Prospero, so that Prospero could find out all about the island and then take control of it; "I loved thee, and showed thee all the qualities o' th' isle". All Prospero had to do was give him; "water with berries in't" and he got everything he needed to know out of him and then made him a slave. Caliban shows his lack of intelligence later on in the play when he trusts Trinculo and Stephano and falls into the trap of being given wine again; "drink servant-monster when I bid thee". Ariel is very different to Caliban and is cautious of people. Ariel is happy to do things on his own rather than relying on others and if he wasn't in a debt with Prospero he wouldn't be controlled by anyone else. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level The Tempest section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level The Tempest essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    What is your response to Shakespeare's presentation of Caliban in The Tempest?

    3 star(s)

    I do however acknowledge that this will signal to a seventeenth century audience that Caliban is an unsanitary, vile and an evil character, rather than a character that is a combination of good and evil, as in any real person.

  2. Discuss the presentation and significance of Caliban in 'The Tempest'

    So why does Caliban only use blank verse when speaking to Stephano and Trinchulo? It can be seen that Caliban speaks blank verse to Stephano and Trinchulo so they will acknowledge him as worthy and a noble. Thus paying attention when convincing them to kill Prospero.

  1. How does Shakespeare present Prospero's relationship with Ariel and Caliban throughout the course of ...

    (2, 2, 1-3) Despite all of this, by the play's climax, Prospero has acknowledged Caliban as more than a servant. Prospero has to concede that Caliban is his responsibility and that he is also a personification of the darkness in his own personality, "...This thing of darkness I acknowledge mine."

  2. With reference to two or three episodes, explore Shakespeare's dramatic use and presentation of ...

    However interpretations of Caliban may differ when it comes to analysing the fact that Caliban appears only fluent in curses, "A south-west blow on ye, and blister you all o'er"... "All the charms of Sycorax...on you". To an Elizabethan audience this proves his barbaric tendencies, and therefore shows that he

  1. Explore Shakespeares presentation of Caliban and Ariel. What does it tell us about the ...

    Freedom, however, is also presented by Shakespeare in the world of language. We realize how the use of language and imagery expresses his Caliban's freedom. Caliban uses natural imagery like "springs, berries, wood and jay's nest" which shows that he has knowledge of nature and he says "I cried to

  2. How Does Shakespeare Present the Realtionships With Ariel and Caliban

    Prospero is quick to show affection in a paternal way; 'My brave spirit! Who was so firm, so constant' However, use of the possessive pronoun 'my' implies there is something else we don't know about the two. This other side is portrayed soon after the family one is shown.

  1. The real monster in The Tempest is Prospero rather than Caliban

    This interpretation has been increasingly popular in North America. The key character, with which the colonial characteristics of Prospero become obscenely clear, is Caliban. An island native who regards himself as the rightful owner of the island, he is forced against his will to serve Prospero and his daughter Miranda despite constant outbursts of his unwillingness to do so.

  2. Discuss the presentation of the supernatural in The Tempest and Dr. Faustus

    Urchins shall, forth at vast of night that they may work, all exercise on thee.?? Prospero makes no attempt to disguise his dominance over Caliban as he does with Miranda and Ariel. Prospero is a figure of great authority that rules through both magic and fear.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work