• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Consider Frayn's presentation of Mrs.Hayward

Extracts from this document...


Consider Frayn's presentation of Mrs.Hayward so far The way Frayn presents Mrs.Hayward suggests that there is a lot of mystery surrounding her; is she a spy? Why does she go to the tunnel? Presented as one of the main characters in the novel, she is shown as concerned parent, a secretive woman, a suspicious German spy, and an intrusive character. Frayn presents these views of Mrs.Hayward in a number of different ways, such as by the choice of language used, the situations she involves herself with, and the timing of her appearances in the novel. Frayn uses these techniques to allow the reader to gather the evidence and decide upon their own opinion of Mrs.Hayward. It is clear throughout the novel that despite her being one of the main characters, whom the whole story revolves around, she is either known at Keith's mother or Mrs.Hayward and her first name is never revealed. Keith's mother is first introduced in chapter one, as a figment of the older Stephen's imagination, "She must be in her nineties now. Or dead", and is described to be "weeping" in front of the younger Stephen. Frayn decides to introduce her this way to show that back then she would have been an adult, and that she is a emotional character. The way he changes tenses and reveals the "weeping" before her introduction shows the dramatic effect of being introduced into his past, making it seem as though a solemn tone must be used to describe Mrs. ...read more.


her relationship with Keith is motherly in a way of feeding, and checking up on him, but she has secrets form him, and that her relationship with her husband is okay. When Mrs Hayward comes unexpectedly into the room, the boys deny doing anything wrong, and Stephen observes, "It's difficult to know what sort of look would be appropriate for talking to someone who we know has just had a secret rendezvous with a German courier. And when we mustn't let her know that we know." This shows that she is easily misinterpreted. We also find out that she is quite aware of the boys odd behavior and may start to expect something, showing that she is on the lookout, as if she has something to hide, "his mother's still watching us thoughtfully form the sitting-room doorway, almost as curious about our behavior as we are about hers". Chapter four reveals that Mrs. Hayward is unexpectedly pre-occupied, or involved in something serious, and Frayn shows this by Mrs. Hayward addressing Stephen the next time they see each other, which is very out of the ordinary. Stephen senses he senses sadness in her that he has not noticed before, and realises that life in the Hayward's' house is not what it seems, "...there must be even more unanswered questions hanging in the air at the Hayward's' house than there are at ours." ...read more.


Her activities only involved going to the post box or down the road to visit Auntie Dee. Frayn then contrasts this image, by Stephen noting how 'sad and stressful' she has become, and how her first reaction to the boys following her is one of quite amusement until she realises how much they are uncovering. She shows her desperation by hinting to Stephen that they should stop, by going out of her way in the boys' hideout, taking a bribe of chocolate biscuits with her. Stephen also compares her to his own mother in the novel, showing Keith's mother in a more glamorous light and overall appearance over his own, which adds to the air of mystery when Keith reveals she's a German spy. Frayn uses, as he does mostly throughout the book, Stephen to convey characters and events going on, and so uses Stephen to convey Mrs. Hayward to the reader. She is seen in two different lights; before she's a 'German spy' and after she is said to be a 'German spy'. Frayn uses this technique to show the contrast in her character; the light-hearted soft smiling Mrs. Hayward, and the serious, sad Keith's mother. The fact that he presents in her two different manners is quite intriguing, and it could be to show that there is actually something going on in Mrs. Hayward's life that has been unnoticed so far, or it could be because Frayn likes to show contrast in characters to make the novel move along. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Authors section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Authors essays

  1. How does Michael Frayn present the relationship between Stephen Wheatley and Keith Hayward?

    end to Stephen and Keith's game by preventing Keith from playing with Stephen. However Stephen hoped that Keith would return to their 'privet' hideout and they would continue to record their observations in their 'secrit' book, but it never happened, but one day Keith returned to the hideout.

  2. Examine the presentation of the relationship between Keith and Stephen in Spies

    Keith's cruelty culminates in his attack on Stephen. Keith attacks him with his own "bayonet" in an imitation of his father's violence. Keith attacks Stephen because he thinks that Stephen has broken their "oath". There is a very ritualistic element to their friendship which Keith takes very seriously.

  1. Spies by Michael Frayn. How does Frayn show Stephen's mental progression from childhood ...

    examples the bond that formed between Stephen and Mrs. Hayward, and the resulting feeling of failure evident by the downtrodden and dramatic tone of the delivery of the sentence, thus the extent at which Stephen is able to feel empathy, an advanced emotion that evidences his maturity.

  2. Analyse the ways in which Frayn presents the relationship between Stephen and Keith in ...

    Their relationship takes a turn for the worse when Keith is wrongly accused by his father for stealing a flask (the flask that Stephen had used whilst in the tunnel). Stephen beings to feel guilt for all his "betrayals and failures" to Keith.

  1. How does Frayn present young Stephen in the first three chapters of "Spies"? How ...

    Despite seeming to feel inferior throughout the book, when describing his family I feel that Stephen comes across as somewhat condescending - much of the description of his father implies that Stephen feels he is not good enough. We are told that his job is "too dull to describe", and that his general appearance is "disorganised" and "unsatisfactory".

  2. Spies. How does Frayn display Stephen and Keiths relationship at the start of ...

    instead of when he saw just himself suggests that Keith is what he remember mores about from his childhood than himself. This can also show adult Stephen's loathing of the child he once was. After those paragraphs, two more important paragraphs reveal even more information about Stephen and Keith's relationship together in their childhood.

  1. How Effectively Does Frayn Use Barbara Berrill in 'Spies'?

    "your face has gone all squidgy", which suggests that although she is a year older and does seem to have a clearer picture of what is going on, she is still quite a young girl and therefore may be experiencing some of the same things as Stephen.

  2. Spies - Chapter 5. Using the chapter as a starting point explore how Frayn ...

    Frayn also portrays Stephens growth when older Stephen is remembering how he travelled through the tunnel and says "I feel the awkward twist of my body". This could represent Stephens growing pains and his changing physique as he is going through the metaphorical tunnel of growing up.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work